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apa essay spacing The American Psychological Association (APA) has produced a publication manual that includes all of the rules that you need to know to produce a manuscript that conforms to thesis harvard their standards. This manual, now in the 5th edition, has been accepted as the gold standard by many academic disciples. Other common academic style manuals include The Chicago Manual of Style and The Modern Language Association Style Manual, (also known as Chicago and emotional intelligence term papers MLA). If you are a graduate student, it is a really good idea to purchase the style manual accepted by the majority of the faculty in your department. In Special Education at unpublished thesis, UNM, you should purchase the APA manual.
It is available in the campus bookstore. Make sure you get the most recent (5th) edition. Actually, these manuals have a real reason for being, other than driving students crazy. By providing a uniform way of emotional intelligence papers presenting information, these style guides assist the writer in preparing their papers in a manner that will be understood by most readers. For example, because the information needed for a reference to be complete is unpublished thesis harvard, specified, readers are assured that they can obtain a copy of anti drugs a particular cited work themselves, if they are interested. Without ALL of the parts of a citation, references can be near impossible to referencing unpublished track down.
Each style manual has many, many rules, most of anti essays which the vast majority of students do not need to learn in detail. Referencing Thesis! There are, however, a few major areas that you should pay attention to: page margins type styles and fonts spacing indentation headers quotations citations of sources references plagiarism reducing bias in language In addition, style manuals are terrific sources of general information about writing, including the content and organization of an academic paper and geology cover the appropriate expression of ideas in unpublished thesis, written academic discourse. For students using lots of statistics or tables and graphs, the APA Manual also has clearly written directions for including these components in a manuscript. The following are just a FEW of the most important rules. Anti! For more information, check out the manual (make sure you get the 6th edition) and/or go to the APA website. Format : All papers should be double-spaced throughout , (including the unpublished thesis, reference section) with one inch margins all around. Do not add extra lines between paragraphs or sections. The font should be 12 pt and you need to intelligence papers use a serif type style (with the referencing unpublished, hooks and curly-cues), such as Times or Courier. All paragraphs should be indented half an inch, NOT five spaces.
Only one space should be added between the period at the end of a sentence and the first letter of the next. Headings : These tell the reader how your text is organized -- they are VERY important. Shakespeare! You need to decide how many levels of referencing unpublished thesis harvard headings you will need, before you can figure out what they look like. For example, many college papers will have at least two levels. The first level includes the major categories, such as the introduction, whatever you name the geology letter, body of referencing harvard your paper, and the conclusion or discussion (or both).
You may then also want several sub-categories in the body of your text. For example, if you are writing about theories of second language development, you would use a sub heading for each of the major theories you discuss. Menagerie Laura! If you then break any of these categories into smaller groups, you would need at referencing unpublished harvard, least one additional level. Emotional Intelligence Papers! If you are using only two levels, the first level of heading (i.e. introduction) should be centered in referencing harvard, upper and lower case letters. Cover Letter! The next level should be flush to the left margin (NOT indented), italicized, in upper and referencing unpublished lower case letters. Laura! If you use a third level, that heading should be indented, italicized, with only the first letter of the first word in upper case AND it should be followed with a period, after which you write your first sentence, without using a paragraph return. If you use more than three levels of referencing unpublished thesis headings, you need to check the APA manual for the correct format. Quotations and citations are extremely important. These rules help you to clearly identify where you got your information. The reader needs to know whether you obtained the information from some source or whether that provided is your own interpretation. If you do not make this clear, you could run into concerns about plagiarism.
To avoid this, you absolutely need to indicate WHO said WHAT, WHEN and WHERE. When you include information from an outside source, you will typically either 1) paraphrase the original author#8217;s words or 2) use a direct quote, writing down EXACTLY what was written in the original text. To avoid plagiarizing when you paraphrase, you need to cover change both the content AND form of the information you read -- it is not enough to shuffle the words around (from passive to active voice, for unpublished harvard, example) or substitute synonyms within the same sentence structure. Intelligence Term! If you are having difficulty paraphrasing something without falling into this trap, you should consider including direct quotes, (which you indicate with quotations marks), from the unpublished thesis, material in question. With direct quotes you MUST include the page number(s) of the original source, along with the author(s) last name(s) and othello shakespeare essay the year of the publication. The full reference then must be included in the reference section. If you are able to referencing thesis harvard paraphrase the information, or you just want to refer to a work in general, you only need to include the author(s) last name(s) and the year of publication (and then, of course, include the full citation in the reference section too).
There are several ways you can do in-text citations, such as in the following examples: According to Smith (1989), life can be pretty exciting. Life can sometimes be pretty exciting (Smith, 1989). Yahoo! (Smith, 1989, p. 3). Talking about life, Smith (1989) said Yahoo! (p. 3). Reference list: The reference list includes only and all of the sources you actually cited in emotional intelligence, the text of your paper. This is different from a bibliography, which refers to all of the sources which you consulted to write a paper, regardless of whether you actually cited them in the text of your paper. Unpublished Thesis! For most academic papers, you should include a reference list, not a bibliography. Formatting your references: Your reference list starts on a new page and should have the othello essay, word 'References' centered at the top of the page (not bold, not underlined, and only the first letter capitalized). All references must be double spaced. Do not add an harvard extra line in between references.
The new (6th) edition of the menagerie essays laura, APA manual has gone back to the old style of using hanging indents, which means that the first line of each reference goes all the way to the left margin, with the following lines of each reference indented. You can set this up on your computer by thesis harvard using the ruler at the top of cover your screen. Referencing Unpublished Thesis! Drag the bottom triangle to the right by 1/2 an inch, leaving the cover hbs, top triangle all the way to the left (the opposite of how you set your paragraph indents). That should make all of your author names stick out to thesis the left, while indenting the rest of essays laura each reference. Where do I put the periods and commas? The APA manual provides the format for referencing thesis harvard, each kind of citation you might use, such as journal articles, web sites, conference presentations, etc. You need to laura look up the correct format in the manual. It is really important for students taking graduate level classes to own a current copy of the APA manual . Thesis Harvard! For an drugs example of a reference section formatted in referencing unpublished harvard, APA that includes journal articles, chapters from edited books, and authored books, click here* For up-to-date information about citating electronic sources (i.e. web pages) follow this link: http://www.apastyle.org/elecref.html. Shakespeare Essay! This does not, however, replace the need to thesis harvard own your own copy of the APA manual. Additional resources can be found at the Purdue Online Writing Lab (see this specific page on using APA format). * * To view PDF documents you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader.
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Referencing Unpublished Thesis …
MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research Essays. 0.1) If you’ve been asked to submit a paper in MLA style, your instructor is asking you to format the page and present the content in a specific way. Referencing Unpublished Thesis Harvard? Just as football referees dress a certain way, and Japanese chefs cook a certain way, writers in certain disciplines follow a certain set of conventions. This document will show you how to format an anti drugs essay in MLA style. 0.2) If, instead of questions about harvard putting the final formatting touches on your essay, you have questions about what to write, see instead my handouts on writing a short research paper, coming up with a good thesis statement, and using quotations in glass essays the body of your paper. (no comma between the author and thesis page number; commas and periods go outside of inline quotes) Works Cited List. (lots of cover hbs tricky details! sort alphabetically by author, not by the order the quotes appear in your paper) For the most complete information, check your campus library or writing center for unpublished, the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers , 8th ed. MLA Style Format (First Page) How to format the Works Cited page of an MLA style paper. Your word processor comes with default settings (margin, line height, paragraph spacing, and typeface) that will likely need adjustment.
For MLA style, you need: 1-inch margins all around 2.0 line height (double-space the whole paper, including title block and Works Cited list) no extra spacing after the title, between paragraphs, or between bibliography items 12-point typeface (usually Times New Roman ) 1.1 Adjusting Document Settings in doctoral dissertation cinnamon MS-Word (Windows) My copy of referencing Microsoft Word for Windows defaults to. 1-inch margins all around 1.15 line height 10pt spacing between paragraphs Calibri 11-point typeface. Changing to letter, MLA Style (Windows) The default margins in my test run were fine, but if you need to change them: Page Layout - Margins - Normal (1-inch all around) The default line height is too low. Referencing Unpublished? Change it to 2.0. CTRL-A (select all your text)
Home - Line Spacing - Remove Space After Paragraph Change the typeface to Times New Roman 12-point. Home - Font Face Selector (change to Times New Roman) 1.2 Adjusting Document Settings in MS-Word (Mac) My copy of Microsoft Word for Mac defaults to. 1.25 inch left and right margins, 1 inch top and emotional term bottom 1.0 line height no extra spacing after paragraphs Cambria 12-point typeface. In my test run, the thesis harvard left and right margins are too big.
To change them: Layout - Margins - Normal (1-inch all around) The default line height is too low. Change it to dissertation, 2.0. Home - Line Spacing - 2.0 My Mac copy of MS-Word does not add extra spaces after paragraphs. If yours does: Don’t add space between paragraphs of the same style (check this box) - OK The 12-point Cambria will probably be fine, but to change the typeface: Home - Font Face Selector (change to Times New Roman) In the top right of every page, use your word processor’s “Page Header” function add an automatic page number and your surname. 2.1 Adding the Page Header in MS-Word (Windows)
Insert - Page Number - Top of Page - (choose the right-justified “Plain Number” option) The cursor will jump automatically to the right place for you to thesis, t ype your surname . Click anywhere in the body of the paper to exit the letter header area. 2.2 Adding the Page Header in MS-Word (Mac) Insert (in the top menu) - Page Numbers… - (Set “Position” to “Top of Page (header)” and “Alignment” to “Right”) Click just to referencing thesis harvard, the left of the new page number, and type your surname . Dissertation Cinnamon? On my test document, my name was too far over to the left; grab the referencing unpublished thesis triangular tab adjuster just above your name, and drag it a notch to the right . In the shakespeare essay upper left corner, type your name, your instructor’s name, the course number and section, and today’s date. Centered on the next line, type an informative title that actually informs the reader of your main point (not just “English Paper” or “A Comparison between Hamlet and Macbeth”). Like all the other text in unpublished harvard an MLA style paper, the title block is double-spaced . The title is in the same font as the rest of the paper — it is not boldface, or enlarged.
There is no extra space above or below the letter title. Referencing? A truly informative title will include the general topic, and your precise opinion on that topic. Othello Shakespeare Essay? (So, if you pan to compare Hamlet and Macbeth, your title should state the unique point you want to unpublished harvard, make about Hamlet and Macbeth. Reuse part of your thesis statement.) This handout presumes you already know why you should cite your sources (to establish your authority, to introduce persuasive evidence, to avoid plagiarism, etc.), These instructions focus on how you format the page. Cover? (For a resource to help you determine how to referencing unpublished thesis, cite a specific source, see the MLA Bibliography Builder). To fully cite a source requires two stages. Doctoral Dissertation Cinnamon? The first happens in the body of your paper (the “in-text citation”) and the second happens on a separate page at the end of your paper (see “Works Cited List,” below.) 4.1 Citing a Block Quote (more than three lines) Long quotes can start to look like filler. Only use a block quote if you have a very good reason to referencing thesis harvard, include the whole passage. (You can usually make your point with a shorter quote.) If you do have a good reason to quote a passage that is several lines long: Select the intelligence text and click the “ Increase Indent ” icon (see image, right). Place the thesis harvard parenthetical citation (the author’s name and the page number) after the period . (This is different from inline quotes, below.) There is no comma between the author’s name and the page number. If the dissertation cinnamon quotation runs across more than one page: (Wordsworth-Fuller 20-21) or (Wordsworth-Fuller 420-21).
Skip wordy introductions such as, “In his informative guide The Amazing Writing Book , published by Elizabeth Mount College in 2010, the referencing unpublished noted composition expert Maxwell Wordsworth-Fuller describes the importance of citations in hbs MLA style papers.” Cutting the filler leaves more room to unpublished thesis, develop your own original ideas. (See “Integrating Quotations.”) 4.2 Citing an Inline Quotation. When the passage you want to quote is less than three lines long, use inline style. Here we have two brief passages, taken from the same page of the same source, so we can handle both with a single parenthetical citation. The parenthetical citation appears outside the quoted material. The period that ends the sentence comes after the close parenthesis . (This is different from block quotes, above.) In this example, we have changed the first word a little, lowercasing it in order to fit it into our own sentence.
To let the reader know what we changed, we put  around it. Again, note the absence of a full sentence that explains who Wordsworth-Fuller is and where the quote comes from. All that info will be in the Works Cited list, so we leave it out of the body of the paper. Let’s imagine we want to reference Wordsworth-Fuller’s general idea about anti citation as a way to establish credibility, but we don’t need to include any of the referencing thesis technical details. We can save space, and make it much easier on our reader, if we paraphrase:
Use paraphrasing for glass laura, variety, or to make a passing reference without taking up much space. If we use an author’s idea, rephrased in our own words, we must still cite the idea. A research paper isn’t a research paper unless you end with full bibliographical details on referencing, every source you cited. This part can be tedious and tricky; leave yourself plenty of time to do it. Start a new page . MS-Word Wind: Insert - Page Break - New Page.
MS-Word Mac: Document Elements - Break - Page. Title your new page: Works Cited. MLA style calls for no extra spaces above or below the page title; no special formatting. 5.1. How to Create an Individual Works Cited Entry.
Exactly what goes into each item in your bibliography depends on what kind of item it is. The following pages give you some questions to answer, then let you push a button to get an individual works-cited entry. If you prefer a more narrative explanation, see Purdue OWL’s handouts for how to create a bibliography entry for a book, an drugs article in a periodical (such as a journal or newspaper), or an referencing harvard electronic source (such as an email, web page or a YouTube clip). See also this list of other common sources (such as a personal interview or a movie). 5.2. How to Organize Your Works Cited list. Sort the doctoral dissertation entries alphabetically by the author ‘s last name. If the thesis harvard author is an organization (such as a government agency or non-profit foundation), alphabetize according to the name of the organization . Cover? If you are citing a painting, or a composer, then obviously “author” has to be interpreted a little loosely. Unless your instructor ask you to organize your Works Cited list differently, everything should be alphabetized together, in a single list. MLA does not require that you separate works of referencing thesis different kinds, or that you cite works in the order that they appeared in cover your paper, or that you write annotations to referencing, go along with each item. Use double-spaced line height. Doctoral Dissertation Cinnamon? (in my copy of Word, I select the text and choose Format - Paragraph - Line spacing - Double - OK.) Use hanging indent paragraph format. (In my copy of word, I select the text then choose Format - Paragraph - Indentation - Special - Hanging Indent.)
29 May 2011 — new document posted, replacing outdated handout written in 1999. 06 Jun 2011 — expanded section on organizing the Works Cited list, since several readers asked for clarification. 07 Jun 2011 — reorganized for emphasis. 19 Apr 2012 — added numbers to more subheads. 30 Nov 2016 — added annotated Works Cited sample image. If your college instructor wants you to cite every fact or opinion you find in thesis harvard an outside source, how do you make room for geology cover, your own opinion? Paraphrase, quote selectively, and avoid summary.Dennis G. Jerz.
MLA Works Cited Citation Builder. 0 thoughts on referencing unpublished thesis harvard, “ MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research Essays ” I think you should add an explanation about glass laura page numbers. Referencing Unpublished? That was what I was looking for, but I couldn’t find the significant area. Section 2 explains how to put page numbers in emotional term papers the header, and section 4 discusses page numbers in citations. How do you in text cite a website?
I didnt really see much about that. Very good information, I really needed this incite on research paper formats. Thesis? It has such thorough details and letter that make it so much easier to harvard, understand. when you say page numbers (Wordworth-Fuller 20), are you referring to essay, the page number within the MLA document or the thesis page number the text appears on within the authors works? That means the quote is from page 20 of the book or article written by letter hbs, Wordsworth-Fuller. Thank you for thesis, valuable information. Before my college year in America I didn’t know what MLA Format was, but with this delicate information I will survive my college year. Thank you for useful information about cover how to write MLA format essay.
Before my college year I didn’t know there were many different forms of essay. When my professor asked me to write MLA format I had no idea how to write it, but with your delicate information I think I will survive my college year. Thank you again. I’m glad to know you found this page helpful. Most instructors will be happy to help if you stop by during their office hours, and if your prof is too busy for that most universities will have a writing center where you can get help at referencing thesis harvard any stage of glass menagerie any assignment involving writing.
With your delicate information about to write MLA format essay in right way will lead me to successful college year. when you say page numbers (Wordworth-Fuller 20), are you referring to the page number within the MLA document or the unpublished harvard page number the letter text appears on within the referencing harvard authors works? In this case, your paper would be referring to something you found on doctoral dissertation, page 20 of the text by Wordsworth-Fuller. i think you should add an explanation about referencing page header. that was what i was looking for. Is the menagerie laura Table of Contents double spaced – MLA? “@pretti_slimm: @Thyler_Jonzy http://t.co/QIf00vlgws try this site looks helpful”I just found a sample paper on Google. Im in middle school and I have to do this. I have never heard of MLA Format and unpublished this helped ALOT. Thanks so much! Hopefully I get a good grade on othello essay, this paper!
I really find this useful (especially fudging the line spacing to 2.1). Good job! Can you put what information is supposed to be in each paragraph. Emma, I’m afraid I don’t understand the unpublished question. I feel like you’ve asked me what emotions are supposed to be in each verse of anti essays a song, or what colors are supposed to be in referencing thesis a painting. Doctoral? There are many different kinds of songs and referencing unpublished thesis paintings, created for different reasons; likewise, there are many different kinds of paragraphs, written for essay, different reasons. that was beautiful.
I am writing to request permission to link your webpage, “MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Instructions for referencing unpublished thesis harvard, Writing Research Essays” to our website. Lansdale School of Business. I am glad you found this page helpful. Essays Laura? Yes, you are welcome to referencing unpublished harvard, include a link and a brief extract. Thank you so much!! I love the Bib builder!! I’m glad to hear you found it helpful! RT @DennisJerz: MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Instructions for Writing Research Essays #mlastyle http://t.co/B6pGb3Pkeh. How do you add footnotes to an MLA style paper?
Most word processors will have an Insert - Footnote or Insert - Note (footnote or endnote) option. Most short college papers don’t need footnotes. (They aren’t for documenting sources — use an in-text citation and a Works Cited list instead.) I suggest you talk to your instructor about whether you really do need to geology cover, use a footnote. When using MLA format, do you list the book title, the title of the article or both? For guidance on citing individual sources, see the link in item 4, above. This page is about formatting the paper once you’ve already written it. I wrote a paper and it looks just like your example. Referencing Unpublished Thesis Harvard? I followed everything to the “t” and cover letter my professor says that my header is indented and my paragraphs are double indented and referencing unpublished harvard the page numbers are in glass essays laura wrong format. What can I do? Winston, I suggest you talk to unpublished thesis, your professor. I have been teaching from thiis handout for years, and when a student makes a formatting error on a rough draft, I just ask them to fix it for the revision.
But your instructor is the one who designed the intelligence assignment and who evaluates your submissions, so he or she is the harvard person to intelligence, approach with questions. I agree. .let me ask you this. Are your headers indented? The screenshot was taken from a page that I created following the unpublished thesis harvard instructions for using MS-Word with a MacBook Pro. Doctoral? I followed the instructions that are on the page. But surely your instructor gave you guidelines, in a handout or an assigned textbook, which is why I encourage you to have this conversation with your instructor. Referencing Harvard? Whether your instructor does or does not agree with the information on anti drugs, this page really doesn’t matter, since your instructor created the assignment and evaluates it according to his or her own criteria. Unpublished? I suggest you let your your teacher know you are confused about what you did wrong, and ask for an opportunity to make minor formatting changes to cover, a paper that, we hope, met all the major criteria. We get asked often about thesis harvard what “format” the geology cover letter college application essay should be in. Although not generally… http://t.co/v1TTNxtE4e.
seems easy enough. Dennis, what lends itself to science in the APA system? And what lends itself to the Humanities with the referencing MLA? TIA. As compared to term papers, MLA papers, APA papers tend to be shorter, and referencing unpublished divided up into sections. Authors who use APA style tend to publish more frequently, because their knowledge goes out of date more quickly; so the intelligence papers date is prominent in APA citations, and harvard page numbers are rare. By contrast, people who use MLA style tend to write longer essays that aren’t divided up into standard sections like “procedure” and “conclusions.” Humanities scholarship generally doesn’t go out of date quickly.
Instead of conducting experiments, humanists read and write a lot of othello longer essays and books, re-interpreting and quoting passages from them. Referencing? MLA style makes the page numbers prominent, so that other scholars can easily find and anti drugs re-read those same passages for referencing harvard, themselves, and further the glass menagerie essays work of referencing unpublished thesis harvard scholarship as it is conducted in the humanities. Thanks for the reply. What do you mean by ” MLA style tend to write longer essays that aren’t divided up into standard sections like “procedure” and “conclusions.”? Are we not suppose to use conclusions in MLA format? In my English class, we use MLA with conclusions, but what do you mean by “procedure” and “conclusions”?
I understand each instructor is different but is it right to othello, use conclusions in an MLA paper…or am I getting confused? Typically papers written in referencing MLA style DO have a conclusion, but it would not be set off in a separate section under the essays subheading “Conclusion.” MLA papers tend NOT to follow a standard, particular structure. Papers written in the sciences DO have a fairly rigid set of sections, with separate subheadings. But it’s best for you to talk to your teacher about the specifics of any asisgnment. Ok, thanks. I just wanted to harvard, ask and clarify it. Dissertation Cinnamon? Also, doesn’t the thesis word “humanist” means something else entirely? The Humanist term today implies ‘human’ and hbs is often used for atheists, for thesis harvard, example… or am I wrong? I used the glass laura term “humanist” to mean “a person who studies the culture of humans,” without intending the more specific meaning you mention. Referencing Thesis Harvard? At my school, the humanities division includes theologians.
this was very helpful i got an A 95 percent. hi my name is hbs Jessie i have to writ a 2 pages Essay about MLA can someone help me. thank u i got an A 97 percent. u a real nigga dennis. This wasn’t helpful at unpublished all. Shavez, what were you looking for?
This page is about formatting a paper you have already written. The first section includes links to pages about how to write essays. Thank you very much for this useful information. As a freshman in highschool, my biology teacher asked for hbs, me to referencing unpublished thesis, write an othello essay in mLA format about evolution. I had no clue what mLA format was,so I searched it up and it brought me here. Referencing Unpublished Thesis? In middle school I never wrote an essay in this format before,but I feel very confident to type my first mLA essay and I’m excited to do so! (Right after I finish my draft .) thank you very much! (???)? I’m using a book title and author as my paper heading. How is that formatted? I would tell my own students that a book title and the name of an author is not a good paper title, and I would ask them to intelligence term papers, write a title that catches the reader’s attention, identifies the topic, and identifies what position the paper is going to referencing unpublished harvard, take on geology cover letter, the topic. Referencing Thesis? But if you are not my student, then I’m not the person who will be evaluating your paper. MLA style puts the book title in italics.
Other than that, I really don’t have any advice for you. Very informative. It helped introduce my tired old mind to the MLA format. So, I can better help coach and prepare my wife for her English course. Thank you very much. which writing style (MLA, APA) have more importance for cover letter, students of social sciences, media sciences and business? I think you should include online resource citation instructions. Click on “Citing” at unpublished the top of the page. One of the options on intelligence term papers, the other end of that link is how to referencing unpublished harvard, cite a web page.
This article..thing is the only reason I am passing my online college class. Especially the citation builder. Thank you! cool it was helpful. is the text or what you wrote supposed to be centered in othello the page or to the left margin. How do I cite a photo that I found online? Is it a historical photograph or a photograph published in a book that someone scanned and posted on line, is it a photograph of something like a sculpture? Is your paper focused on the work of the photographer, the makeup artist who prepared the model, the digital image enhancer who altered the image, the unpublished model?
There is no single correct way to shakespeare essay, cite a photograph, because there are many different reasons to cite a photograph. Thesis Harvard? Your instructor would be able to give you more specific advice. In general, though, the 8th edition of the MLA guide would say something like this: Olsen, Jimmy. “Superman Rescues Boy Scouts from Lava Pit.” Photograph. The Daily Planet . July 22, 1956. If you found the picture on a blog or a Flickr gallery, adjust the citation accordingly. If you found the image as the result of a Google search for doctoral dissertation, something, you might very well end up finding a page that re-uses someone else’s picture without appropriately giving credit. Referencing Unpublished Harvard? There are many variables. Laura? Talk to your instructor, who will be the one grading your work, and will therefore be the unpublished right person to advise you on glass menagerie essays laura, what to do. hahahah xD me too same. I would Like You To Give Simple Instructions Not Complicated Ones , and Include also how much Papers Should be worked on.
Khalid, if there is any particular detail you are confused about, please let me know what question you have and perhaps I can help. There is no specific answer to how much a paper should be worked on. It depends on what grade you want to harvard, earn, how much time you have, whether your instructor is willing to emotional term, meet with you before the due date, whether your instructor will give you the chance to revise your work, and many other factors. This article..thing is the only reason I am passing my online college class. Especially the citation builder.
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The Snowflake Method For Designing A Novel. Writing a novel is easy . Writing a good novel is hard. That’s just life. If it were easy, we’d all be writing best-selling, prize-winning fiction. Frankly, there are a thousand different people out there who can tell you how to write a novel. There are a thousand different methods.
The best one for you is the one that works for you. In this article , I’d like to share with you what works for me. Thesis Harvard! I’ve published six novels and won about a dozen awards for my writing. I teach the intelligence term papers craft of writing fiction at writing conferences all the time. One of referencing unpublished thesis harvard my most popular lectures is this one: How to write a novel using what I call the “Snowflake Method.” This page is the most popular one on my web site, and gets over glass menagerie essays, a thousand page views per day, so you can guess that a lot of people find it useful.
But you may not, and that’s fine by me. Look it over, decide what might work for you, and ignore the rest! If it makes you puke, I won’t be insulted. Different writers are different. Unpublished Harvard! If my methods get you rolling, I’ll be happy. I’ll make the doctoral dissertation cinnamon best case I can for my way of organizing things, but you are the final judge of what works best for you. Unpublished Thesis Harvard! Have fun and . . . write your novel! Good fiction doesn’t just happen, it is designed.
You can do the design work before or after you write your novel. I’ve done it both ways and I strongly believe that doing it first is cinnamon quicker and leads to a better result. Design is hard work, so it’s important to find a guiding principle early on. This article will give you a powerful metaphor to guide your design. Our fundamental question is referencing unpublished thesis harvard this: How do you design a novel?
For a number of years, I was a software architect designing large software projects. I write novels the menagerie essays same way I write software, using the “snowflake metaphor”. OK, what’s the snowflake metaphor? Before you go further, take a look at this cool web site. At the top of the page, you’ll see a cute pattern known as a snowflake fractal. Don’t tell anyone, but this is an important mathematical object that’s been widely studied. For our purposes, it’s just a cool sketch of a snowflake. Referencing Harvard! If you scroll down that same web page a little, you’ll see a box with a large triangle in glass laura it and arrows underneath. If you press the right-arrow button repeatedly, you’ll see the steps used to create the thesis snowflake.
It doesn’t look much like a snowflake at first, but after a few steps, it starts looking more and more like one, until it’s done. The first few steps look like this: I claim that that’s how you design a novel — you start small, then build stuff up until it looks like a story. Part of geology cover letter this is creative work, and I can’t teach you how to do that. Not here, anyway. But part of the work is just managing your creativity — getting it organized into a well-structured novel. That’s what I’d like to teach you here. If you’re like most people, you spend a long time thinking about your novel before you ever start writing. You may do some research. You daydream about how the referencing harvard story’s going to work. You brainstorm.
You start hearing the essay voices of different characters. You think about what the book’s about — the Deep Theme. This is an referencing unpublished essential part of every book which I call “composting”. It’s an informal process and doctoral dissertation, every writer does it differently. I’m going to assume that you know how to compost your story ideas and that you have already got a novel well-composted in your mind and that you’re ready to sit down and start writing that novel. But before you start writing, you need to unpublished thesis get organized.
You need to put all those wonderful ideas down on paper in a form you can use. Why? Because your memory is fallible, and your creativity has probably left a lot of anti holes in your story — holes you need to fill in thesis harvard before you start writing your novel. You need a design document. And you need to produce it using a process that doesn’t kill your desire to doctoral dissertation actually write the referencing unpublished thesis story. Here is my ten-step process for writing a design document. I use this process for writing my novels, and I hope it will help you.
Step 1) Take an hour and write a one-sentence summary of your novel. Something like this: “A rogue physicist travels back in time to kill the apostle Paul.” (This is the shakespeare summary for my first novel, Transgression.) The sentence will serve you forever as a ten-second selling tool. Unpublished Harvard! This is the papers big picture, the analog of that big starting triangle in the snowflake picture. When you later write your book proposal, this sentence should appear very early in the proposal. It’s the hook that will sell your book to your editor, to your committee, to the sales force, to referencing harvard bookstore owners, and ultimately to readers. So make the best one you can! Some hints on what makes a good sentence: Shorter is cover letter hbs better. Try for fewer than 15 words.
No character names, please! Better to say “a handicapped trapeze artist” than “Jane Doe”. Tie together the referencing unpublished harvard big picture and the personal picture. Which character has the othello most to lose in this story? Now tell me what he or she wants to win. Read the one-line blurbs on the New York Times Bestseller list to learn how to do this. Writing a one-sentence description is an art form.
Step 2) Take another hour and expand that sentence to unpublished a full paragraph describing the cover letter story setup, major disasters, and ending of the novel. This is the analog of the unpublished second stage of the snowflake. Cover Letter! I like to structure a story as “three disasters plus an ending”. Each of the disasters takes a quarter of the book to develop and the ending takes the final quarter. I don’t know if this is the ideal structure, it’s just my personal taste. If you believe in the Three-Act structure, then the first disaster corresponds to the end of Act 1. The second disaster is the mid-point of Act 2. The third disaster is the end of Act 2, and forces Act 3 which wraps things up. Harvard! It is OK to have the first disaster be caused by doctoral cinnamon, external circumstances, but I think that the second and third disasters should be caused by the protagonist’s attempts to “fix things”. Thesis! Things just get worse and worse.
You can also use this paragraph in your proposal. Ideally, your paragraph will have about five sentences. One sentence to give me the backdrop and story setup. Then one sentence each for your three disasters. Then one more sentence to tell the ending.
Don’t confuse this paragraph with the back-cover copy for your book. This paragraph summarizes the whole story. Your back-cover copy should summarize only about the first quarter of the story. Step 3) The above gives you a high-level view of your novel. Anti Drugs Essays! Now you need something similar for referencing unpublished, the storylines of each of your characters. Glass Menagerie Essays Laura! Characters are the unpublished thesis harvard most important part of any novel, and the time you invest in dissertation cinnamon designing them up front will pay off ten-fold when you start writing. For each of your major characters, take an unpublished thesis hour and write a one-page summary sheet that tells: The character’s name A one-sentence summary of the character’s storyline The character’s motivation (what does he/she want abstractly?) The character’s goal (what does he/she want concretely?) The character’s conflict (what prevents him/her from reaching this goal?) The character’s epiphany (what will he/she learn, how will he/she change? A one-paragraph summary of the letter character’s storyline. An important point: You may find that you need to go back and revise your one-sentence summary and/or your one-paragraph summary. Unpublished Thesis! Go ahead!
This is good–it means your characters are teaching you things about your story. It’s always okay at any stage of the cover design process to referencing unpublished thesis go back and revise earlier stages. In fact, it’s not just okay–it’s inevitable. And it’s good. Any revisions you make now are revisions you won’t need to make later on cover hbs, to a clunky 400 page manuscript. Another important point: It doesn’t have to be perfect. The purpose of each step in the design process is to advance you to the next step. Keep your forward momentum!
You can always come back later and referencing unpublished thesis, fix it when you understand the story better. You will do this too, unless you’re a lot smarter than I am. Step 4) By this stage, you should have a good idea of the hbs large-scale structure of your novel, and unpublished harvard, you have only spent a day or two. Well, truthfully, you may have spent as much as a week, but it doesn’t matter. Cover Letter! If the story is broken, you know it now, rather than after investing 500 hours in a rambling first draft. So now just keep growing the story. Referencing Unpublished Harvard! Take several hours and expand each sentence of your summary paragraph into a full paragraph.
All but the last paragraph should end in a disaster. The final paragraph should tell how the book ends. This is a lot of fun, and at the end of the exercise, you have a pretty decent one-page skeleton of your novel. It’s okay if you can’t get it all onto one single-spaced page. What matters is that you are growing the ideas that will go into your story. You are expanding the dissertation conflict.
You should now have a synopsis suitable for a proposal, although there is referencing thesis harvard a better alternative for proposals . . Othello Shakespeare Essay! . Step 5) Take a day or two and write up a one-page description of each major character and a half-page description of the thesis other important characters. These “character synopses” should tell the geology story from the thesis point of view of doctoral dissertation cinnamon each character. As always, feel free to cycle back to the earlier steps and make revisions as you learn cool stuff about your characters. I usually enjoy this step the most and lately, I have been putting the resulting “character synopses” into my proposals instead of a plot-based synopsis. Editors love character synopses, because editors love character-based fiction. Step 6) By now, you have a solid story and several story-threads, one for referencing thesis harvard, each character.
Now take a week and expand the one-page plot synopsis of the novel to a four-page synopsis. Basically, you will again be expanding each paragraph from anti drugs step (4) into referencing unpublished thesis harvard, a full page. This is a lot of fun, because you are figuring out the cover high-level logic of the story and unpublished thesis, making strategic decisions. Here, you will definitely want to cycle back and cover, fix things in referencing unpublished harvard the earlier steps as you gain insight into the story and new ideas whack you in the face. Step 7) Take another week and expand your character descriptions into full-fledged character charts detailing everything there is to know about essay, each character. The standard stuff such as birthdate, description, history, motivation, goal, etc. Most importantly, how will this character change by the end of the novel? This is an expansion of your work in step (3), and it will teach you a lot about your characters. You will probably go back and revise steps (1-6) as your characters become “real” to you and begin making petulant demands on the story. This is good — great fiction is character-driven. Take as much time as you need to do this, because you’re just saving time downstream.
When you have finished this process, (and it may take a full month of solid effort to get here), you have most of what you need to write a proposal. If you are a published novelist, then you can write a proposal now and sell your novel before you write it. If you’re not yet published, then you’ll need to unpublished harvard write your entire novel first before you can sell it. Glass! No, that’s not fair, but life isn’t fair and the world of harvard fiction writing is especially unfair. Step 8) You may or may not take a hiatus here, waiting for the book to dissertation cinnamon sell. At some point, you’ve got to actually write the novel. Before you do that, there are a couple of things you can do to make that traumatic first draft easier. The first thing to harvard do is to take that four-page synopsis and make a list of all the scenes that you’ll need to turn the story into a novel.
And the easiest way to make that list is . . Othello Shakespeare Essay! . with a spreadsheet. For some reason, this is scary to a lot of writers. Unpublished Harvard! Oh the horror. Deal with it. You learned to use a word-processor. Spreadsheets are easier. You need to make a list of scenes, and spreadsheets were invented for making lists.
If you need some tutoring, buy a book. There are a thousand out there, and one of them will work for you. It should take you less than a day to learn the itty bit you need. It’ll be the cover letter most valuable day you ever spent. Do it. Make a spreadsheet detailing the scenes that emerge from your four-page plot outline. Make just one line for each scene. In one column, list the POV character. In another (wide) column, tell what happens.
If you want to get fancy, add more columns that tell you how many pages you expect to harvard write for doctoral dissertation, the scene. A spreadsheet is unpublished thesis ideal, because you can see the whole storyline at a glance, and it’s easy to move scenes around to othello shakespeare essay reorder things. My spreadsheets usually wind up being over 100 lines long, one line for each scene of the referencing thesis novel. As I develop the story, I make new versions of my story spreadsheet. This is incredibly valuable for analyzing a story. It can take a week to make a good spreadsheet. Cover! When you are done, you can add a new column for unpublished thesis, chapter numbers and assign a chapter to each scene. Step 9) (Optional. I don’t do this step anymore.) Switch back to your word processor and doctoral dissertation, begin writing a narrative description of the referencing thesis harvard story.
Take each line of the spreadsheet and othello, expand it to referencing unpublished harvard a multi-paragraph description of the scene. Put in any cool lines of dialogue you think of, and sketch out the geology cover essential conflict of harvard that scene. If there’s no conflict, you’ll know it here and you should either add conflict or scrub the scene. I used to write either one or two pages per chapter, and I started each chapter on a new page. Then I just printed it all out and put it in a loose-leaf notebook, so I could easily swap chapters around later or revise chapters without messing up the others.
This process usually took me a week and cover, the end result was a massive 50-page printed document that I would revise in red ink as I wrote the referencing thesis harvard first draft. All my good ideas when I woke up in the morning got hand-written in the margins of this document. This, by the way, is a rather painless way of writing that dreaded detailed synopsis that all writers seem to othello shakespeare hate. But it’s actually fun to develop, if you have done steps (1) through (8) first. When I did this step, I never showed this synopsis to anyone, least of all to an editor — it was for me alone. Unpublished Thesis! I liked to glass essays think of harvard it as the prototype first draft.
Imagine writing a first draft in a week! Yes, you can do it and it’s well worth the time. But I’ll be honest, I don’t feel like I need this step anymore, so I don’t do it now. Step 10) At this point, just sit down and doctoral dissertation cinnamon, start pounding out the real first draft of the novel. Referencing Thesis Harvard! You will be astounded at how fast the glass essays laura story flies out of your fingers at this stage. Unpublished! I have seen writers triple their fiction writing speed overnight, while producing better quality first drafts than they usually produce on geology letter, a third draft. You might think that all the creativity is chewed out referencing unpublished harvard, of the story by this time. Well, no, not unless you overdid your analysis when you wrote your Snowflake. This is supposed to be the fun part, because there are many small-scale logic problems to intelligence term papers work out here.
How does Hero get out of unpublished thesis harvard that tree surrounded by alligators and rescue Heroine who’s in the burning rowboat? This is the time to figure it out! But it’s fun because you already know that the large-scale structure of the novel works. So you only have to solve a limited set of problems, and so you can write relatively fast. This stage is incredibly fun and drugs, exciting.
I have heard many fiction writers complain about how hard the referencing unpublished first draft is. Invariably, that’s because they have no clue what’s coming next. Good grief! Life is too short to drugs essays write like that! There is no reason to spend 500 hours writing a wandering first draft of your novel when you can write a solid one in 150. Counting the 100 hours it takes to do the thesis harvard design documents, you come out way ahead in drugs time. About midway through a first draft, I usually take a breather and fix all the broken parts of my design documents. Yes, the design documents are not perfect. Referencing! That’s okay.
The design documents are not fixed in concrete, they are a living set of documents that grows as you develop your novel. If you are doing your job right, at doctoral cinnamon, the end of the referencing unpublished thesis first draft you will laugh at what an drugs amateurish piece of junk your original design documents were. And you’ll be thrilled at how deep your story has become. Over the unpublished thesis years, I’ve taught the Snowflake method to hundreds of writers at conferences. I’ve also had this article posted here on my web site for a long time, and the page has now been viewed over 2,400,000 times. Shakespeare! I’ve heard from many, many writers. Some people love the Snowflake; some don’t. My attitude is that if it works for you, then use it.
If only referencing thesis harvard parts of it work for you, then use only those parts.I write my own novels using the doctoral cinnamon Snowflake method. Make no mistake — it’s a fair bit of work. For a long time, I did it the hard way, using Microsoft Word to harvard write the text and Microsoft Excel to manage the list of scenes. Unfortunately, neither of drugs essays those tools knows about the structure of fiction. Finally, I realized that it would be a whole lot easier to work through the method if the tools were designed specially for fiction. So one day I decided to create that software. I wanted something that would automate every step that could be automated. The result was a commercial software package I call Snowflake Pro . It makes my own Snowflaking incredibly easier, and it’s now doing the unpublished thesis same for zillions of other writers. Snowflake Pro makes the Snowflake method fast, easy, and fun. It runs on Macs, Windows, and Linux. Currently, I’m running a s pecial promotion that gives a 50% discount on emotional, this cool and fun tool for anyone who owns a copy of my book Writing Fiction for referencing thesis harvard, Dummies . Are you struggling right now with a horrible first draft of your novel that just seems hopeless?
Take an hour and summarize your story in one sentence. Does that clarify things? You’ve just completed step (1) of the Snowflake, and it only took an hour. Why not try the next few steps of the Snowflake and see if your story doesn’t suddenly start coming to life? What have you got to lose, except a horrible first draft that you already hate? Are you a seat-of-the-pants writer who finally finished your novel, but now you’re staring at an enormous pile of doctoral dissertation cinnamon manuscript that desperately needs rewriting? Take heart! Your novel’s done, isn’t it? You’ve done something many writers only dream about. Now imagine a big-shot editor bumps into you in the elevator and asks what your novel’s about. In fifteen words or less, what would you say?
Take your time! This is a thought game. What would you say? If you can come up with an answer in the next hour . . . Harvard! you’ve just completed Step 1 of the Snowflake! Do you think some of the other steps might help you put some order into that manuscript? Give it a shot.
What have you got to emotional intelligence term papers lose? Have you just got a nightmarishly long letter from referencing unpublished thesis your editor detailing all the things that are wrong with your novel? Are you wondering how you can possibly make all the changes before your impossible deadline? It’s never too late to do the cinnamon Snowflake. How about if you take a week and drill through all the thesis harvard steps right now? It’ll clarify things wonderfully, and then you’ll have a plan for executing all those revisions. I bet you’ll get it done in othello essay record time. And I bet the book will come out better than you imagined. If the unpublished harvard Snowflake Method works for cinnamon, you, I’d like to hear from you.
You can reach me through the contact page on my web-site. Acknowledgments: I thank my many friends on unpublished harvard, the Chi Libris list and especially Janelle Schneider for a large number of discussions on the Snowflake and glass menagerie essays, much else. Want to Know More About the unpublished harvard Snowflake Method? Check out my latest best-selling book, How to Write a Novel Using the anti drugs Snowflake Method . Referencing Thesis! This book is drugs essays a different kind of teaching tool. It uses a story to SHOW you how to referencing harvard write a novel, rather than to TELL you how to write a novel. I used the Snowflake Method to help me write the book, and at the end, you get to see the Snowflake document I created for the book, exactly the way I wrote it. Randy Ingermanson is a theoretical physicist and the award-winning author of six novels. He has taught at numerous writing conferences over the years and publishes the glass essays laura free monthly Advanced Fiction Writing E-zine , the largest electronic magazine in referencing unpublished thesis the world on the craft of writing fiction, with over 16,000 readers.
Foreign Translations of This Article. This article is immensely popular and glass menagerie essays, has been translated into several languages: If you know of other translations, please let me know about them on my Contact page. Translators: If you’d like permission to do a translation, email me on thesis harvard, my Contact Page so I can include a link to your translation here. Discover The Techniques Of Writing Fiction That Sells … And Sells! Randy is known around the world as the letter hbs Snowflake Guy for his wildly popular Snowflake method of designing a novel. Now he's created software to make the Snowflake method fast, easy, and fun.
And he's got a Special deal going on right now for Snowflake Pro , his hottest-selling product. Randy's best-selling book has become one of the standard textbooks on fiction writing, with more than 80,000 copies sold. Despite the title, Writing Fiction for Dummies is not for referencing unpublished, stupid people. It's for essays, writers who want to write powerful, moving fiction and who are serious about referencing thesis, getting their work published. 2005-2017 Advanced Fiction Writing.
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alc essay The Research Paper Factory. Army Leadership Practical Exercise. Submission Field : 1. Clearly define the ethical problem. Unpublished Thesis! The ethical problem is if I should be honest and report this security breech. 2. Employ applicable laws and regulations. I would have to check my unit#x27;s internal Standard Operation Procedures to determine what the regulations are regarding proper disposal of classified documents. 3. Shakespeare Essay! Reflect on the ethical values and their ramifications. Unpublished Thesis! There are seven core Army values. I don#x27;t believe that all seven apply to this. Words: 514 - Pages: 3. 1ST BATTALION 640TH REGIMENT (RTI) Utah Army National Guard 17800 South Camp Williams Road Riverton, Utah 84065-4999 S: 09 January 2012 NGUT-RTA-Z 06 January 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR ADVANCED LEADER COURSE COMMON CORE (ALC CC) STUDENTS SUBJECT: Student Letter of Information 1. THIS IS A REMINDER OF A CRITICAL IMPORTANT SUSPENSE. Words: 593 - Pages: 3. Guide Advanced Leadership Course (BNCOC – Common Core) Student Guide [pic] ALC CC DL COURSE Welcome to your Advanced Leadership Course.
Read your AKO emails. HRC provides us your AKO email address. Most of our course interaction will be by email. Completion of this course is required as part of the NCOES system in cover letter hbs order for you to become promoted. Referencing Harvard! We expect nothing but the cover best from Non Commissioned Officers. What you put into this course is what you get out of it. We expect a. Words: 3028 - Pages: 13. Referencing Unpublished! miltrimas235Department of the Army Pamphlet 738–751 Logistics Management Functional Users Manual for the Army Maintenance Management System— Aviation (TAMMS-A) Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC 15 March 1999 UNCLASSIFIED SUMMARY of CHANGE DA PAM 738–751 Functional Users Manual for the Army Maintenance Management System— Aviation (TAMMS-A) This revision-o o o Adds an Aircraft Transfer Decision Table (chap 1).
Converts the removal/achievement codes back to. Words: 138921 - Pages: 556. The blue Army Service Uniform (ASU) is the menagerie essays laura new service uniform, and was adopted for optional wear in 2008. It was issued to new soldiers starting in the fall of 2010, and referencing unpublished, must be worn Army wide after October 2015. The ASU is dissertation cinnamon replacing two uniforms already in use the thesis Army Green, service uniform and the Army White service uniform. It will be based on the current dress uniform known as the cover dress blue uniform. It has its roots in the Army Blue uniform, which dates back to the Revolutionary War. Harvard! Words: 470 - Pages: 2. Amber Sullivan January 29, 2012 Public Relations Bus 300 The Salvation Army was found by emotional intelligence papers William Booth and his co-founder, his wife, Catherine. Booth started his career in unpublished ministry in 1852, longing to win the misplaced persons to Christ. He preached the glass gospel of Jesus Christ to the poor, homeless, and hungry walking the streets of London. Booth abandoned the conventional concept of church and began taking his message straight to the people.
In 1865. Words: 1339 - Pages: 6. Army Leadership Practical Exercise. while performing your duty. * Honor-To always do what is referencing unpublished harvard right no matter what the outcome will be. 5. Identified and accurately applied all other relevant moral principles to the ethical problem- 6. Othello Shakespeare Essay! Chose a course of action which reflected sound judgment and a thorough analysis of steps one through five.- Its obvious of what you as a soldier has to do. Referencing Unpublished Thesis! Everyone has policies and procedures that they must follow, plus the cinnamon Army Values. Referencing Harvard! You as a soldier must report the incident through your. Words: 340 - Pages: 2. . Term Papers! 1-2 A Historic Challenge. 1-9 The American Profession of Arms. Unpublished Harvard! 1-10 The Army in the Profession of Arms. Geology Cover! 1-14 Leadership . 1-18 Training. Words: 27577 - Pages: 111.
Advanced Leadership Course (BNCOC – Phase I) Student Guide (Version 2) [pic] Class # 36-12 (31 May – 28 Aug 2012) ALC CC DL COURSE (BNCOC Phase I- Class 36) (31 May – 28 Aug 2012) Welcome to referencing thesis harvard your Advanced Leadership Course. Letter! Read your AKO emails. HRC provides us your AKO email address. Most of our course interaction will be by email. We ask you to complete the POC Sheet and return it to us prior to the course start date. This will help prepare you for your In.
Words: 3158 - Pages: 13. “Stop-loss is a policy that permit the military, during times of war, to “halt voluntary separations and retirements” and referencing unpublished thesis harvard, redeploy soldiers for additional tours of laura, active duty once their initial terms of enlistment are through” (army wife, 2008 para 1). When using Ethos or her creditability she places herself in the blog she gives very fine examples of what she has been through. This gives us some feeling on someone who goes through this very situation. Unpublished Harvard! She explains how she was in the same. Words: 1030 - Pages: 5. . * Initiate a counseling DA Form 4856-E for SGT Day ensuring that it outlined the specific area(s) of the regulation where it states that we are to report violations to our SSO/Security manager. The counseling would also reaffirm the cover regulation and make clear to SGT Day that if indeed SFC Sharp did not do anything wrong, there are appropriate agencies that would make that determination. I would also reinforce the Seven Army Values with SGT Day.
Words: 416 - Pages: 2. || Union garrison|Army of Missouri[-12]| Strength|| 1,500|12,000| Casualties and losses|| 184|1,500| [show] · v[-13] d ePrice#x27;s Raid[-14]|| || · [-15]· || [-16][-17] [-18][-19]One side of Fort Davidson as seen today. The crater from the referencing unpublished thesis powder magazine blast is visible on doctoral cinnamon the far right. Pilot Knob is the hill at the back. The Battle of Fort Davidson, also known as the Battle of Pilot Knob, was the opening engagement of thesis, Price#x27;s Missouri Raid[-20] during the. Dissertation! Words: 2131 - Pages: 9. this type of security breach? How would you find out? The Joint Ethics Regulation (JER) (Appendix B,Handout) provides general guidance concerning values that apply to all DOD employees. There are also specific Army regulations on the safeguarding of referencing unpublished thesis, classified materials.
In addition, most units publish internal SOPs dealing with these issues. Identify Military values. Based on doctoral dissertation case study, what are some ethical implications I can derive from Army values? A. Integrity demands that I do not. Words: 590 - Pages: 3. work schedules. ENROLLMENT PROCEDURE STUDENT LOG-IN 1. Log into AKO 2. Click on the Self Service tab located to unpublished harvard the far right of the Home tab 3. Select the doctoral dissertation My Training Tab 4. Look for Army Warrior University Enrollments Box 5. Click on the active tab look for the Advanced Leaders Course Common Core and click on unpublished the (ALC-CC) link. (make sure your internet pop-up blocker is turned off) 6. When you click on anti essays the ALC link it will take you (https. Words: 2846 - Pages: 12. Unpublished Thesis! ethical problem is that I will have to decide to menagerie laura be honest and referencing unpublished harvard, report what happen or to be dishonest and not say anything.
2. Employ applicable laws and regulations. I will have to check all applicable laws and cover letter hbs, regulations on the army regulations, the referencing unpublished harvard local laws, and papers, policies, and then choose a course of action to apply this to SFC Sharp case. 3. Words: 286 - Pages: 2. Harvard! 1.You must take the Blackboard Basics for Students Course. Then take the Blackboard 101 quiz and receive a “2” as a score. 2.You must complete the Advanced Leader Course Common Core (ALC CC) DL Student Letter of Agreement. You must also fill out all required information. You must recieve a total score of doctoral dissertation cinnamon, 6. 3.You must fill out all required contact information, including your NCO Support Channel and personal information using the spreadsheet that is provided and unpublished thesis, receive a 1 as a score.
4. Words: 266 - Pages: 2. 1. Clearly define the ethical problem. The ethical problem is being honest, reporting the anti lack of security for classified documents, and referencing harvard, dishonesty within my section. 2. Employ applicable laws and regulations. Each unit has s Standard Operation Procedure. I would need to find out how this unit disposes secret classified documents. According to Army Regulation 380-5 chapter IX Disposal and Destruction of cover hbs, secret classified documents.
Records of destruction of Secret and Confidential. Words: 298 - Pages: 2. | | | | | | | | | | | |PART IV - ARMY VALUES/ATTRIBUTES/SKILLS/ACTIONS (Rater) | |a. Referencing Harvard! ARMY VALUES. Check either “YES” or “NO”. Emotional Term Papers! (Comments are mandatory for “No” entries; optional for “Yes” entries.) |YES |NO | | | |1. LOYALTY: Bears true faith and. Words: 767 - Pages: 4. competitive, intramural sports programs do for your unit’s physical fitness program? ANSWER: They can build esprit de corps, teamwork, and morale. Ref: AR 350-1 (SH-1), p 76, para 4-13a(6) QUESTION 9: What are some of the leadership responsibilities concerning physical fitness? ANSWER: • Leaders must understand and practice new Army doctrine of physical fitness. • Leaders must be visible and active participants in physical training programs. • Leaders must emphasize the value of physical training. Words: 33571 - Pages: 135. Apply the Ethical Decision Making Method at Small Unit Level 158-C-123 Conditions: As a leader faced with a situation which requires you to unpublished thesis make an ethical decision.
Standards: Resolved the situation ethically by appropriately applying the letter hbs Ethical Decision Making Method FM-1 FM 6-22 AR 600-100. Referencing! Training and Evaluation Guide Performance Steps: 1. Letter Hbs! Clearly define the ethical problem. Im sure many people would consider not informing their chain of command of unpublished, this situation. Words: 814 - Pages: 4. Intelligence Term! respiratory endurance at a minimum of three times a week with activities such as running, swimming, road marching, and referencing unpublished, hiking up some of our local mountains. I would then conduct muscular endurance activities twice week with activities such as push-ups, pull-ups, sit-ups, crunches, and lunges with a focus on geology letter high repetitions. I would include stretching and exercises from both the old army PT system and the new PRT system. I also like to incorporate crossfit into our physical training to referencing thesis change things up and keep my Soldiers challenged. Words: 340 - Pages: 2. , sustainment, command and control, and protection—multiplied by leadership and complemented by geology letter information.
Commanders use combined arms to increase the effects of combat power through complementary and reinforcing capabilities. Army forces achieve combined arms through force tailoring, task organization, and mutual support. Most, if not all, students have experienced deployments prior to attending their Captain’s Career Course. This material will draw upon not just doctrinal references and. Words: 701 - Pages: 3. Referencing Thesis Harvard! IDENTIFY THE WARNING SIGNS OF A POTENTIAL SUICIDE Learning Step 1- Identify Suicidal behavior Learning step 2- Identify the causes of suicidal behavior Learning step 3- Identify the Army suicide prevention model Learning step 4- Identify the doctoral dissertation cinnamon warning signs of depression and suicidal behavior Lesson 1 Identify Suicidal Behavior Leader Business: * Create a trusting environment where soldiers will feel that it is okay to ask leaders for help. * “Earlier treatment leads to faster. Words: 593 - Pages: 3. Despot? (Class notes and Bentley Ziegler, pp. 504-506) 1. 1. Unpublished Harvard! Great military power like the shakespeare those in western Europe 2. Led group of Russian observers on referencing unpublished a tour of Germany, the Netherlands, and England to learn about hbs western European administrative methods and military technology 3. Reformed the army by offering better pay and drafting peasants who served for life as professional soldiers 4. Unpublished! Gave extensive training and equipped them with modern weapons 5. Ordered. Words: 2592 - Pages: 11. Geology Cover! ATSS-DCD 24 July 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR All section members SUBJECT: Preparing for the Promotion Board 1. This memorandum will provide you with information that will help you better prepare for referencing thesis the local promotion board. 2. Attendees of the anti drugs essays promotion board will be evaluated in these 9 areas: a. Personnel appearance b. Military Bearing c. Self-confidence d. Oral expression e. Conversational skills f. Knowledge of referencing harvard, world affairs g. Geology Cover! Words: 266 - Pages: 2. on harvard post quarters, that will give me an overview of the agency to dissertation be contacted. In this particular case, will be the Army Emergency Relief, they help soldiers and their families in emergency situations, such as paying utility bills to prevent disconnections, evictions, buying food to avoid deprivation, etc.
An AER member will contact the referencing landlord and ask him the type of geology cover letter, lease or contract that was made between him and the couple. Harvard! The AER member will have the right to dissertation be provided with proper. Words: 12414 - Pages: 50. individual rank. When it comes to sergeant promotions the Army wants to focus on Soldier skills or a staff sergeant the focus is towards leadership. Now, the thesis harvard first stipulation that is brought to our attention is the procedures of the commanders and units board. Prior to the change you could attend a promotion board and receive up to doctoral dissertation one hundred and fifty points for both the referencing commander and doctoral dissertation, actual board proceeding. These points are no longer awarded, and the chain of command still has guidelines to. Words: 1709 - Pages: 7. In my life, there have been very few life-changing personal or professional decisions.
But in each of those occasions, one thing was required in each, and that was a decision-making process. Referencing Thesis! One of my most recent decisions I had to glass menagerie laura make was whether to referencing unpublished harvard leave the Active Duty Army after seven years of service, or not. The first step in process was to identify what the issue or problem was. In this case, the issue was if I was going to stay in the Army, or let my contract expire and get out. Words: 618 - Pages: 3. What Makes an Army Leader Practical Exercise Student Handout Extracted Material from Task 158-C-1230 | |This student handout contains one page of extracted material from the following publication: | | |Task 158-C-1230, Apply the Ethical Decision Making Method at Small Unit Level. Words: 610 - Pages: 3. Villalpando 1 Omar Villalpando Mr. Partain 11-5-12 p.5 Career shadowing On November 5, 2012 I did my career shadowing at the United States Army Station. Sergeant Escobar is the glass person that I got to watch work, and I also got to interview him.
I got the chance to find out so much about him such as, his. Words: 500 - Pages: 2. THE ARMY CREW Case Study 1. Why does the Varsity team lose to the Junior Varsity team? The Varsity Team looses to the junior varsity team because the team lacks leadership, and some of the members view themselves more valuable personally, then they value the team as a whole. Some of referencing unpublished harvard, them believe that “it is they that carry the menagerie team”. Because of this the team does not work as a cohesive unit. Referencing Thesis Harvard! Those who do not believe that they are team leaders, have also started to emotional intelligence loose.
Words: 487 - Pages: 2. Operation Downfall). Four divisions of the U.S. 10th Army (the 7th, 27th, 77th, and 96th) and two Marine Divisions (the 1st and 6th) fought on the island while the 2nd Marine Division remained as an thesis, amphibious reserve and was never brought ashore. The invasion was supported by naval, amphibious, and tactical air forces. Papers! The battle has been referred to as the unpublished typhoon of emotional intelligence term, steel in English, and tetsu no ame (rain of steel) or tetsu no bofu (violent wind of steel) in Japanese. The. Words: 286 - Pages: 2. Army because I refused to go to (WLC) Warrior Leadership Course, many of my NCOs believed it was due to another issue at hand but it was mainly because I had got complacent in the Army and thought I could do without being in the service and referencing unpublished thesis, planned on getting out once again. I did not want to reenlist and figured I shouldn’t take up a spot when one of doctoral dissertation cinnamon, my fellow battles who was physically ready and planned on retiring wanted to go.
I was willing to take a step aside and referencing unpublished harvard, give someone else a chance to. Words: 2014 - Pages: 9. The Salvation Army Week4TeamC Ethics and Social Responsibilities 17 June 2013 Professor Ward Scheitrum The Salvation Army The Salvation Army’s duty to the community stems back in history. In, 1852, William Booth started his ministerial profession, desiring to cinnamon win over referencing thesis, the hearts and minds of England and cover letter hbs, bring them to Christ. He would walk the streets of London as an advocate for the gospel of Jesus Christ and would primarily focus his messages to the needy. He. Words: 1420 - Pages: 6. Referencing Unpublished Thesis Harvard! bodyguard. The second was the intelligence term Totenkopfverbande (Death#x27;s-Head Battalions), which was in charge of the death and concentration camps. The third group was the Verfugungstruppen (Disposition Troops), an elite combat unit known for its extreme fighting tactics, which was mixed in thesis harvard with Germany#x27;s regular army. Because of the distasteful nature of their duties, members of the SS were schooled for glass menagerie essays laura many years in thesis racial hatred, and were encouraged to harden their hearts to human suffering. D) The SS. Words: 373 - Pages: 2. body patriots to make up membership, leadership, and economic incentive.
Today, the United States Army is the most powerful army in the world, and can largely attribute this status to its investment in cinnamon people and unpublished thesis harvard, their willing to geology commit to an oath of office. People from different social, economic, and educational backgrounds comprise the United States Army; and since the end of the Vietnam War, are all volunteers who choose to serve. The dynamics of a microcosm of society within our army. Words: 999 - Pages: 4. It is extremely important to referencing be at your appointed place of duty in essays the United States Army. Article 86 Of The Uniform Code Of Military Justice states that any member of the armed forces who, without authority fails to go to his/her appointed place of duty at the time prescribed, to leave one#x27;s place of duty, or to be absent from one#x27;s unit without authority will be punishable. In the army the referencing unpublished importance of accountability is very important. Cover Letter! Accountability is defined by Webster#x27;s dictionary as the. Words: 340 - Pages: 2. America: The Global Army Strayer University History 105 Professor Pondexter The United States is referencing unpublished thesis considered the letter world’s police; however police is truly the incorrect term.
The United States is an army for the whole world: a global army. The role of global army was earned because America became a world power having the best military in the early twentieth century. American soldiers have been called into referencing international incidents that had. Words: 822 - Pages: 4. ENG105 Essay #2 My military community While thinking about anti drugs essays what communities have specific languages it was easy for me to think of the United States Army. I served in the U.S. Unpublished! Army for 5 years until I was wounded in Afghanistan and had to medically retire. As I look back at essays laura, my short military career I would call it a community, or organization that had its own language. The army has a main focus on discipline and structure. The language is spoken through the discipline and structure. Referencing Unpublished! Words: 1208 - Pages: 5. The Army In 2004, I joined the United States Army. At the time that I joined that Army, the country was still dealing with the aftermath of 9/11.
All throughout high school, all that my friends and cover letter, I talked about was joining the Army to help protect our country, get revenge and make a difference. I also did not feel as though college was for me or an option finically. The first step in joining the Army is that you need to talk to a recruiter and go through MEPS. Then after that you, you are. Words: 1216 - Pages: 5. Organizational Behavior and Communication Com 530 January 13, 2012 Organizational Behavior and Communication The United States Army focused on personnel, training, technology, and leadership or this entire combine for the success of the Army in both peace and referencing, war.
One of the important variables is essays laura culture; military culture of referencing thesis, army personality, values, or way of thinking. Culture within the geology Army is widely diverse with the varieties of gender, religious background, races, or whether. Words: 1136 - Pages: 5. religious services. It operates 600 kindergartens, 950 primary and middle schools, 100 secondary schools, fifty trade schools, and twenty-five teacher training schools, a Bible College and one university. The Salvation Army has been historically distinctive because its women hold leadership and preaching positions. Referencing Unpublished! In fact, women led expansion of the essays laura organization and unpublished thesis, continue to give leadership in all facets. General Eva Burrows, elected in 1986 as international leader, held the highest. Words: 2885 - Pages: 12. following schools. Anti! I went to Warrior Leader Course (WLC), Advanced Leader Course (ALC), Combat Life Saver (CLS), Modern Army Combatives level 1 amp; 2. After my tour at Fort Rucker I came on assignment to South Korea. Upon arriving in Korea I was assigned as the Facility Chief for the Tactical Control Tower where we supported multiple sister services all over the peninsula as well as multi-nation host country and the Korean president.
I was also able to do a mission to Okinawa, Japan for 3. Words: 1166 - Pages: 5. The Army values are the foundation for good soldiering in the United States Army. Soldiers and leaders of the Army live by seven core values. These values are often referred to referencing thesis harvard by using the acronym LDRSHIP. The Army values are Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and Personal Courage.
This Essay will cover what the seven Army values means to me. Loyalty to me is an unwavering support and othello shakespeare essay, belief towards someone or something. As a solider I am expected to be loyal at all. Words: 613 - Pages: 3. Jenna Jamar Due March 20, 2015 Final Paper 1. Compare Porter’s 3 generic strategies to referencing unpublished harvard the 3 value disciplines. Porter’s 3 generic strategies in the book have a few similarities to that of the 3 value disciplines from the paper “Customer Intimacy and Other Value Disciplines”. Dissertation! The generic strategies are overall cost leadership, differentiation, and focus. The value disciplines include operational excellence, customer intimacy, and product leadership.
To begin with, I am going to. Words: 1854 - Pages: 8. For many years, scholars have debated over whether the Profession of Arms is in fact a profession by definition. To truly understand, first it is important to define the criteria that qualifies a profession, and then analyze if the Army does in fact meet these standards. Harvard! The criteria for being considered a profession are to operate within an ethical code, to make a lifetime commitment to professional development, and to maintain constant evolution to ensure the term papers trust of clients. The Army of the. Words: 668 - Pages: 3. Army Crew Team Case Study While reading through this case study it becomes evident as to why JV manages to outperform the referencing unpublished harvard Varsity team even though the varsity team consists of the anti essays best crew members. We can understand why this happened by referencing first evaluating the actions and behavior of the varsity members. Anti Drugs Essays! To begin, the varsity team is referencing unpublished made up of drugs essays, members who think mostly about themselves rather than being group oriented.
It is clear that this causes distrust among the harvard team so when the team. Words: 575 - Pages: 3. is world’s largest arms importer and accounts for 14% of world’s arms imports. The country has been ranked 8th globally in military spending and shakespeare, its spending is expected to exceed to USD 100 billion over the next few years. Pay Scale or Salary of an Indian Army Officer Its always a matter of Curiosity among people that how much an Indian Military Officer earns for his determined and hard job but for a true Soldier Money comes after the Spirit. There was a time when this money was so. Words: 2355 - Pages: 10.
DEVELOPMENTAL COUNSELING FORM For use of this form, see ATP 6-22.1; the proponent agency is TRADOC. DATA REQUIRED BY THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 AUTHORITY: PRINCIPAL PURPOSE: ROUTINE USES: 5 USC 301, Departmental Regulations; 10 USC 3013, Secretary of the Army. To assist leaders in conducting and recording counseling data pertaining to referencing thesis harvard subordinates. Doctoral Dissertation Cinnamon! The DoD Blanket Routine Uses set forth at the beginning of the Army#x27;s compilation of systems or records notices also apply to this system. Words: 388 - Pages: 2. ------------------------------------------------- The Army In the first text by Sarah Palin – “Why they serve”, we heat about Sarah Palin and her son Track, who enlisted in the army. The main reason Track serves is family. He has a little sister, baby brother and referencing unpublished thesis harvard, a nephew, he wants to be a part of making the best possible world, which is safe and welcoming for emotional intelligence term papers them.
The young American women and men who chose to defend America are not just defending a regular country. Referencing Thesis! America is the only.
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Biology/The Human Heart term paper 895. Click Here For Research Papers Online! The Human Heart. Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary defines the heart. as the viscus of cardiac muscle that maintains the. circulation of the blood. It is divided into four. cavities; two atria and two ventricles. The left atrium. receives oxygenated blood from the referencing thesis, lungs.
From there the. blood passes to othello shakespeare essay the left ventricle, which forces it via the. aorta, through the arteries to supply the thesis, tissues of the. body. The right atrium receives the blood after it has. passed through the tissues and has given up much of its. oxygen. Anti Drugs? The blood then passes through the right ventricle. into the lungs where it gets oxygenated. There are four.
major valves in the heart; the left atrioventricular valve. (also known as the mitral or bicuspid valve), the right. atrioventricular valve (tricuspid), aortic valve, and the. pulmonary valve. The heart tissue itself is nourished by. the blood in the coronary arteries.2. Position of the Heart Within the Body: The heart is placed obliquely in the chest. The two atria.
are directed upwards and backwards to referencing unpublished the right and doctoral cinnamon are at. the level of the fifth through the eight dorsal vertebrae. The apex of the heart points downwards and forwards to the. left and corresponds to referencing unpublished the interspace between the fifth and. sixth ribs, two inches below the left nipple. Its atrial. border corresponds to a line drawn across the sternum on a. level with the upper border of the third costal cartilage. Its lower border (apex) corresponds to a line drawn across.
the lower end of the same bone, near the xiphoid process. Its upper surface is rounded and emotional intelligence term convex, directed upwards. and forwards, and formed mainly by the right ventricle and. part of the referencing unpublished, left ventricle. The posterior surface of the. heart is flattened and rests upon the diaphragm muscle.
Of. its two borders, the geology cover, right is the referencing unpublished harvard, longest and thinnest, the. left is shorter but thicker and round. In an adult, the heart measures about five inches in. length, three and a half inches in the broadest part of letter its.
transverse diameter, and two and a half inches in its. antero-posterior. Referencing Unpublished Thesis Harvard? The average weight in the male varies. from ten to twelve ounces. In the female, the average. weight is eight to ten ounces. Essays? The heart will continue to. grow in unpublished thesis harvard size up to an advanced period of life.
This growth. is more obvious in men than in women.3. Circulation of Blood in an Adult: The heart is subdivided by a longitudinal muscular septum. into two lateral halves which are named right and left. according to their position. A transverse muscle divides. each half into two cavities. The upper cavity on each side. is called the atria/auricle, and the lower side is called. the ventricle.
The right atrium and ventricle form the. venous side of the heart. Dark venous blood is pumped into. the right atrium from the entire body by the superior (SVC) and inferior vena cava (SVC), and the coronary sinus. From. the right atrium, the blood passes into the right ventricle. and from the right ventricle, through the pulmonary artery. into the lungs.3 Once the blood becomes.
oxygenated/arterialized by its passage through the lungs, it. is returned to the left side of the heart by the pulmonary. veins which open into the left atrium. From the left. atrium, the blood passes into hbs the left ventricle where it is.
distributed by the aorta and referencing thesis its subdivisions through the. Morphology of Each Heart Chamber: The right atrium is a little longer than the dissertation, left. Its. walls are also somewhat thinner than the left.
The right. atrium is capable of containing about two ounces of fluid. It consists of two parts, a principle cavity/sinus, and an. appendix auriculae. The sinus is referencing unpublished, a large. quadrilateral-shaped cavity located between the IVC and the.
SVC. Its walls are extremely thin and are connected on the. lower surface with the right ventricle and internally with. the left atrium. The rest of the right atrium is free and. unattached. The appendix auricle is a small conical.
muscular pouch. Othello Essay? It projects from the sinus forwards and to. the left side, where it overlaps the root of the pulmonary. There are four main openings into referencing the right atrium; the. SVC, IVC, coronary sinus, and the atriculo-ventricular. opening. The larger IVC returns blood from the lower half. of the body and opens into the lowest part of the right. atrium, near the septum. Doctoral Dissertation? The smaller SVC returns blood from. the upper half of the body and opens into the upper and.
front part of the right atrium. The coronary sinus opens. into the right atrium between the unpublished thesis harvard, IVC and. auriculo-ventricular opening. Letter Hbs? It returns blood from unpublished, the.
cardiac muscle of the othello shakespeare, heart and is protected by a. semicircular fold of the lining membrane of the atrium, called the coronary valve. The auriculo-ventricular opening. is the large oval aperture of unpublished communication between the. right atrium and ventricle. There are two main valves. located within the right atrium; the drugs essays, Eustachian valve and. the coronary valve.3 The Eustachian valve is located.
between the anterior margin of the IVC and the. auricule-ventricular orifice. It is semilunar in form. Referencing? The. coronary valve is a semicircular fold of the lining membrane. of the right atrium, protecting the orifice of the dissertation, coronary.
The right ventricle is triangular-shaped and extends from. the right atrium to near the apex. Its anterior surface is. rounded and convex and forms the larger part of the referencing thesis, front of. the heart. Its posterior surface is flattened, rests on the. diaphragm muscle, and forms only a small part of this.
surface. Drugs? Its inner wall is formed by the partition between. the two ventricles, the septum, and bulges into the cavity. of the right ventricle. Superiorly, the ventricle forms a. conical structure called the infundibulum from which the. pulmonary artery arises. Unpublished Harvard? The walls of the right ventricle.
are thinner than those of the left ventricle. Cover? The thickest. part of the wall is at the base and it gradually becomes. thinner towards the apex. The cavity can contain up to two. ounces of fluid. There are two openings in referencing thesis harvard the right ventricle; the. auriculo-ventricular opening and the opening of the.
pulmonary artery. Essays? The auriculo-ventricular opening is the. large oval opening between the referencing unpublished thesis harvard, right atrium and the right. ventricle. The opening is term, about an inch in diameter. It is.
surrounded by a fibrous ring, covered by the lining membrane. of the heart (endocardium), and is larger than the opening. between the left atrium and the left ventricle. It is. protected by the tricuspid valve. The opening of the. pulmonary artery is referencing thesis, round and is situated at the top of cover letter the. conus arteriosus, close to the septum. It is on the left. side and is in front of the auriculo-ventricular opening. It is protected by the semilunar valves.3.
There are two main valves associated with the right. ventricle; the tricuspid valve and the semilunar valves. The tricuspid valve consists of three segments of a. triangular shape, formed by the lining membrane of the heart. (endocardium). They are strengthened by a layer of fibrous.
tissue and muscular fibers.1 These segments are connected. by their bases to the auriculo-ventricular orifice, and by. their sides with one another, so as to form a continuous. membrane which is attached around the margin of the. auriculo-ventricular opening. Their free margin and. ventricular surfaces are attached to many delicate tendinous. cords called chordae tendinae. The central part of referencing thesis each.
valve segment is thick and strong while the lateral margins. are thin and indented. The chordae tendinae are connected. with the adjacent margins of the main segment of the valves. The semilunar valves guard the opening of the pulmonary. artery. They consist of anti drugs essays three semicircular folds formed by. the endothelial lining of the referencing thesis harvard, heart and are strengthened by.
fibrous tissue. They are attached by their convex margins. to the wall of the artery at its junction with the. ventricle. The straight borders of the valve are unattached. and are directed upwards in the course of the vessel, against the sides of which they are pressed during the. passage of blood along its canal. The free margin of cover letter each.
valve is referencing unpublished harvard, somewhat thicker than the menagerie laura, rest of the valve and is. strengthened by a bundle of referencing unpublished harvard tendinous fibers. During the. passage of blood along the pulmonary artery, these valves. are pressed against glass menagerie essays, the sides of its cylinder. During. ventricular diastole (rest), when the current of blood along. the pulmonary artery is checked and partly thrown back by. its elastic walls, these valves become immediately expanded. and close the entrance of the tube. 3.
The left atrium is unpublished, smaller but thicker than the right. atrium. It consists of two parts; a principle cavity/sinus. and an appendix auriculae. The sinus is cuboidal in form. and is covered in the front by the pulmonary artery and the. aorta. Internally, it is separated from the right atrium by.
the septum auricularum. Hbs? Behind the sinus on each side, it. receives the pulmonary veins. The appendix auriculae in referencing the. left atrium is narrower and more curved than the same. structure in the right atrium. Papers? Its margins are more deeply. indented, presenting a kind of foliated appearance. Its. direction is forwards towards the right side, overlapping. the root of the pulmonary artery.
There are two main openings in the left atrium; the. openings of the referencing unpublished, four pulmonary veins and the. atrial-ventricular opening. Drugs Essays? Two of the four pulmonary veins. open into the right side of the atrium and two open into the. left side. The two veins on referencing thesis the left exit into the atrium. through a common opening. None of the pulmonary veins have. valves.
The atrial-ventricular opening is the large oval. opening of blood flow between the atrium and essays laura the ventricle. It is smaller than the same opening between the right atrium. The left ventricle is longer and more conical shaped than. the right ventricle.
It forms a small part of the left side. of the anterior surface of the heart and a large portion of. the posterior surface. It also forms the apex of the unpublished harvard, heart. because it extends beyond the right ventricle. Its walls.
are nearly twice as thick as those of the othello shakespeare essay, right ventricle. They are thickest in the broadest part of the ventricle, becoming gradually thinner towards the unpublished thesis harvard, base and essays also towards. the apex, which is the thinnest part of the left ventricle. There are two main openings in referencing the left ventricle; the. atrial-ventricular opening and the aortic opening. The. atrial-ventricular opening is located behind and to the left. side of the glass menagerie laura, aortic opening. The opening is a little smaller. than the same opening between the right atrium and. ventricle.
Its position corresponds to the center of the. sternum. It is surrounded by a dense fibrous ring and is. covered by the lining membrane of the heart and is protected. by the mitral valve. The circular aortic opening is located. in front of and to the right side of the atrial-ventricular.
opening from which it is separated by one of the referencing unpublished, segments of. the mitral valve. The opening is protected by the semilunar. There are two valves located within the left ventricle; the. mitral valve and the semilunar valve. The mitral valve is. attached to the circumference of the atrial-ventricular. opening in the same way that the tricuspid valve is attached. on the opposite side of the heart. The valve contains a few. muscular fibers, is strengthened by fibrous tissue, and is.
formed by the lining of the heart (endocardium). It is. larger, thicker, and stronger than the tricuspid, and. consists of two segments of unequal size. The mitral valves. are connected to many chordae tendonae.
Their attachment is. the same as on the right side except they are thicker, stronger, and less numerous. Cover Letter? The semilunar valves surround. the aortic opening. They are similar in structure and mode. of attachment to thesis harvard those of the pulmonary artery. However, they are larger, thicker, and stronger than those of the. right side. Between each valve and the cylinder of glass laura the. aorta is a deep depression called the sinuses of Valsalva. The depressions are larger than those at the root of the.
Figure 1: a. Cross sectional view of the heart. Referencing Unpublished Thesis Harvard? b. Othello Shakespeare Essay? Top. view of the heart showing the four valves. Histology of the referencing thesis, Layers of the Heart: The heart and its vessels are surrounded by a conical. membranous sac called the pericardium. Term? The pericardial sac. is composed of two layers; the parietal pericardium and the.
visceral pericardium with the space in-between the two being. called the pericardial cavity. The parietal pericardium is. composed primarily of compact fibrocollagenous tissue along. with elastic tissue. It is a fibrous membrane of loose. irregular connective tissue that is lined internally by a. mesothelium which is essentially simple squamous epithelium. The visceral pericardium forms the internal lining of the. pericardium and reflects over the outer surface of the. heart. This reflection forms the outer layer of the.
epicardium. The visceral pericardium is also composed of. compact fibrocollagenous tissue with elastic tissue but, is. smooth mesothelium. The pericardial cavity is located. between the unpublished, parietal and visceral pericardium and contains. small amounts of serous fluid. The heart tissue itself can be subdivided into three. layers; (from the outside in) epicardium, myocardium, and. endocardium. The epicardium is the emotional intelligence term papers, outermost layer of harvard the.
heart and consists of a loose connective tissue of. fibroblasts, collagen fibers, and adipose tissue. It. contains a stroma which houses coronary arteries and veins. that are surrounded by a layer of fat. These coronary. branches penetrate the myocardium. The myocardium contains the main muscle mass of the heart.
and is composed primarily of cover letter striated muscle cells. Each of. the cardiac muscle cells contain one central elongated. nucleus with some central euchromatin and some peripheral. heterochromatin.
The two atria have a very thin myocardial. layer which increases greatly in thickness as you go from. the atria to the right ventricle and into the left. ventricle. The outer surface of the myocardium, next to the. epicardium, is not composed of smooth muscle but is very. smooth in texture. The inner surface of the myocardium is. rough and is raised into trabeculations. The ventricular. papillary muscles, which are for the attachment of the.
chordae tendinae, are extensions of the myocardium even. though they are covered by endocardium. The outer layer of. the myocardium is superficial bulbospiral and swirls around. the ventricle in a clockwise fashion. The middle layer is. circular muscles that are the ventricular constrictors. The.
inner layer, which is deep bulbospiral, swirls around the. ventricle in a counterclockwise fashion. The layer underneath the myocardium is known as the. enodcardium. It contains a continuous smooth endothelial.
layer that covers all the inner surfaces of the heart, including the valves. The outer layer of the endocardium, underneath the myocardium, is irregularly arranged. collagenous fibers that may contain Purkinje fibers/cells. The inner part of the endocardium contains more regularly. arranged collagen and referencing thesis harvard elastic fibers than the outer layer. Some myofibroblasts are present in the endocardium which is. thicker in the atria than in the ventricles. There is letter, a. subendothelial component of the endocardium underneath the.
endothelium. The component contains fibroblasts, scattered. smooth muscle cells, elastic fibers, collagen fibers, and an. amorphous ground substance that contains glycoproteins and. The valves of the heart are attached to the cardiac. skeleton and consist of chondroid (a material resembling. cartilage). The base of each valve is supported by a. fibrocollagenous ring. Each valve also has a dense. fibrocollagenous central plate that is covered by simple. squamous epithelium.
Chordae tendonae connect with the. valves at the edge of each cusp as well as underneath each. cusp at one end and they attach to thesis harvard papillary muscles in the. ventricles at the other end. Anti Drugs Essays? Endocardial endothelium. completely covers the papillary muscles, valves, and the. chordae tendonae. Referencing Thesis? The junctions between the cusps of each. valve are known as commissures. The conducting system of the heart consists of four main. components; the sinuatrial node (SA), the atrioventricular.
node (AV), the bundle of laura his, and the Purkinje fibers/cells. All the parts of referencing this conducting system are composed of. modified cardiac muscle cells. The SA node is othello shakespeare, located in. the right atrium, at the point where the superior vena cava. enters. The small muscle fibers of the SA node contain a. central nodal artery and desmosomes.
The muscle fibers do. not contain intercalated discs. The AV node is located in. the medial wall, in front of the opening of the coronary. sinus and above the tricuspid ring. Referencing Unpublished? Its small muscle fibers.
are more regularly arranged than those of the SA node. The. AV node contains a rich nerve and blood supply. The bundle. of his has a right (single bundle) and a left (branched. bundle) bundle branch located underneath the endocardium.
It is histologically similar to the other components of the. conducting system. The Purkinje fibers/cells can be found. in clusters of about six cells which are located under the. endocardium in the ventricles. The cytoplasm of Purkinje. fibers appears pale under the microscope and contains many.
Physiology of the Heart: The principle function of the heart and circulatory system. is to provide oxygen and nutrients and to remove metabolic. waste products from tissues and organs of the anti, body. The. heart is the pump that provides the energy necessary for. transporting the blood through the circulatory system in. order to facilitate the referencing thesis, exchange of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other metabolites through the thin-walled capillaries. The contraction of the heart produces changes in glass menagerie essays laura pressures. and flows in the heart chambers and blood vessels. The.
mechanical events of the harvard, cardiac cycle can be divided into. four periods; late diastole, atrial systole, ventricular. systole, and early diastole.6. In late diastole, the mitral and tricuspid valves are open. and the pulmonary and aortic valves are closed. Blood flows. into the heart throughout diastole thus filling the atria. and ventricles. The rate of filling declines as the. ventricles become distended, and shakespeare the cusps of the. atrioventricular valves start to close.
The pressure in referencing thesis the. ventricles remains low throughout late diastole.8. In atrial systole, contraction of the atria forces. additional blood into the ventricles, but approximately 70. percent of the ventricular filling occurs passively during. diastole. Contraction of the atrial muscle that surrounds. the openings of the superior and inferior vena cava and.
pulmonary veins, narrows their orifices and the inertia of. the blood moving towards the heart tends to keep blood in. the heart. Menagerie? However, there is some regurgitation of blood. into the veins during atrial systole.25. At the start of ventricular systole, the AV valves close. The muscles of the ventricles initially contract relatively. little, but intraventricular pressure rises sharply as the. muscles squeezes the blood in the ventricle. This period of.
isovolumetric ventricular contraction lasts about 0.05. seconds until the pressures in the ventricles exceed the. pressure in referencing unpublished the aorta and in the pulmonary artery, and the. aortic and drugs pulmonary valves (semilunar valves) open. Referencing Unpublished Thesis? During.
this isovolumetric contraction, the cover letter, AV valves bulge into the. atria, causing a small but sharp rise in atrial pressure. When the semilunar valves open, the phase of ventricular. ejection begins. Ejection is initially rapid, but slows. down as systole progresses.
The intraventricular pressure. rises to a maximum and then declines somewhat before. ventricular systole ends. Late in systole, the aortic. pressure is actually higher than the ventricular pressure, but for a short period, momentum keeps the blood moving. forward. The AV valves are pulled down by the contractions. of the ventricular muscle, and the atrial pressure drops.5. In early diastole, after the ventricular muscle if fully. contracted, the already falling ventricular pressure drops.
even more rapidly. Referencing Unpublished Thesis? This is the period known as. protodiastole and it lasts about 0.04 seconds. It ends when. the momentum of the ejected blood is overcome and the. semilunar valves close.
After the valves are closed, pressure continues to drop rapidly during the period of. isovolumetric relaxation. Isovolumetric relaxation ends. when the ventricular pressure falls below the atrial. pressure and dissertation the AV valves open, thus allowing the. ventricles to fill. Again, filling is rapid at first, then. slows as the next cardiac contraction approaches. Atrial. pressure continues to rise after the end of ventricular. systole until the AV valves open, upon which time it drops.
and slowly rises again until the next atrial systole.6,2,4. The heart is arguably the unpublished harvard, most vital organ the human body. possesses. Without the heart, none of the tissues in cover the. body would receive the unpublished, vital oxygen necessary for them to. maintain survival.
Heart disease is the number one killer. of people in America today. Due to this disturbing fact, it. is no wonder such a large percentage of the fellowships. granted by the National Institutes of Health go towards. heart related illnesses. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects.
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