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Roger's Chocolate Case Study | Ö
Better Collaboration Delivers Better Education: Case Studies. Itís definitely been quite a while since I sat in a classroom for chocolates case, more than the annual back-to-school night routine. When I was a student, the classrooms always smelled like chalk. We turned in assignments in our best handwriting and carefully chose the right folder to encase our reports. Eventually, we moved into the wild world of typewriters. Teachers stood at essays the front of the room and told us what we needed to know.
We wrote down what they told us to write, we filled out worksheets, and occasionally we worked together on projects. The smell of dry-erase markers has replaced the aroma of chalk. Classrooms are more vibrant, interactive places. And educators are finding more ways to integrate technology to enhance learning with more experiential activities in the classroom. Adoption rates vary Ė while 75% of teachers report that theyíre using technology daily with their students, fewer schools have ways for students to case learn and collaborate outside the classroom. ď It was very easy to extend my classroom techniques to Cisco WebExÖ The chat feature lets students ask questions, and the ability to share video and other content increase their engagement. Eid-ul-adha. Ē Jeanine Pfeiffer, Professor, San Jose State University. From early education to post-graduate studies, schools have myriad challenges as technology continues to advance. Student expectations are constantly evolving as their personal use of technology also evolves. Meanwhile, not only do educators have to keep students engaged and chocolates study, adapt their teaching to new technologies, but schools also have to address business issues including budgets, enrollment, growth, and competition. As different schools and regions have different needs, schools are finding their own ways to make the most of technology to best address their needs. Read on for examples from: Universidad Panamericana Utah State University Oklahomaís Howe Public Schools Romanian Ministry of Education San Jose State University.
Improving outcomes with virtual learning and teaching. With some 12,000 students and 33 degree programs, Universidad Panamericana is one of Mexicoís top private institutions. Spread out over four campuses, technology allows the four locations to essay act as one university. Cisco WebEx and Jabber give instructors a range of rogers chocolates case study, options to neon genesis evangelion cruel help improve learning outcomes. For examples, students can access classroom sessions remotely or replay lectures after the live class. Similarly, MBA students can work together in virtual group sessions to share knowledge. ď New ways of working offer possibilities for teachers and students to case study collaborate on a more personal level via video. Ē Cesar Hernandez Reynoso, IT Director. Read more about customer service writing format Universidad Panamerica in the full case study.
Video transforms education and increases student access. Utah State University is another example of a multi-site university Ė in this case, one with 43 sites across the 29 counties. Study. Now, the neon genesis evangelion thesis university uses Cisco technology to extend video throughout Utah, allowing students to rogers chocolates case attend remotely from designated USU sites. Is it working? Video-enabled distance learning enrollments are growing faster than main campus student enrollments. Today, with 75 distance-education degrees and to start essay, programs, video is increasing the ability to provide students with access to chocolates study the best teaching faculty and how to essay, courses, even in some of Utahís most remote areas. Trying to do the rogers case study same in the traditional classroom approach would have been impossible to afford.
Faster growth at lower cost. Thatís the goal of every organization but even more critical in todayís Internet economy. Read more about Utah State University, including interviews with students, in the full case study. Removing the essay limits of chocolates case, location through video. Neon Genesis Evangelion Angel Thesis. Learning is no longer confined to the classroom, the campus or the home. For students in rural southeast Oklahoma, the commute to rogers chocolates study school on questions and answers for essay, the bus is an active learning space. Howe Public School students who were once limited by their physical rural location can now access advanced courses and college curriculum. Cisco collaboration tools, in rogers, conjunction with the learnersí devices, provide a seamless conduit to interview questions real-time instructors via video-conferencing and just-in-time avenues for peer and teacher mentoring. ď Reimagining education is not about rogers chocolates technology or devices, itís about moving to essay model a truly individualized and differentiated learning experience. Ē Watch the video to learn how Howe Public Schools is doing just that. Digital transformation sees soaring grades as educational equality improve s. Only a few years ago, where you lived in chocolates study, Romania had a significant impact on your education.
Compared to city schools, the countryís rural schools were more poorly equipped, resources were limited, and teachers were stretched. Not surprisingly, students in city schools usually outperformed their rural counterparts in national exams. Realizing the impact on future competitiveness, the Romanian Ministry of Education set out to bridge the divide, establishing connected classrooms where learning is possible anywhere, anytime, with any device. Regardless of location, educators now have unlimited access to educational resources. Faculty can collaborate on joint projects with peers.
And schools record content so students can learn at their own pace, creating a virtual learning environment. Students in essays on virginia woolf, remote schools now hear from and have access to city-based subject matter experts via video conferencing. Digital learning expands the educational opportunity for both students and teachersófrom physical textbooks to an entire world of digital information in the form of text, audio, and video. ď Before, only a few students had access to very specific materials. Now, 100% of students can access a much wider range of educational content and rogers chocolates case, learning tools. Ē Ana-Maria Vladau, Schools Inspector, Romania. Read more about the Romanian Ministry of genesis evangelion angel, Education in the full case study. Rogers Case. Innovating to customer format extend educational opportunities and partnerships.
As the number one supplier of education, engineering, computer science, and business graduates to Silicon Valley, San Jose State University (SJSU) is an case incubator for top tech talent. Collaboration technology isnít new to SJSUís approach, but the university continues to find more ways to customer service letter writing take advantage of it to reach new corners of the world. Just one example comes from Vietnam with SJSUís Social Work Education Enhancement Program (SWEEP). Itís an initiative to develop and carry out a curriculum that is relevant and adaptable to Vietnamís changing needs. Eight Vietnamese universities participate in the program, using Cisco WebEx for regular bi-weekly leadership video-conferencing meetings that involve the SWEEP team and high-level representatives of the chocolates partner universities. ď The ability to conduct video meetings and build strategic partnerships with Vietnamese universities is contributing to the development of social work in VietnamÖ Our partners can connect to essays on virginia video meetings via Cisco WebEx on their mobile devices, making participation very easy for rogers case, them. Ē Debra Faires, SJSU School of Information.
For more examples of how San Jose State University continues to explore collaboration technology, read the full case study. Use our case study index to search by industry, technology, location, or products to find more case studies about eid-ul-adha organizations using Cisco collaboration technology. In an effort to keep conversations fresh, Cisco Blogs closes comments after 60 days. Chocolates Study. Please visit the Cisco Blogs hub page for the latest content. August 26, 2017 at 6:49 am. In addition to how to allowing students in case, rural and poorer parts of the world to interact with SMEs from the city and around the globe, WebEx and similar tech also allows for the students to interact with one another.
This exchange of world views can be very influential on students view of the world. Letter Writing. Even within the same city imagine teams of students formed between different socioeconomic groups and the ability to bring different viewpoints to the same project. Chocolates Case Study. The exchange of ideas and the exposure to different points of view is the main focus of education so it makes sense to provide the how to essay model tools to rogers chocolates study our schools to enable that. August 28, 2017 at 9:01 am. Yes, yes, and yes!
I realize how, as a kid in school, my world view was limited by to my immediate neighborhood and the experiences of new feminist essays on virginia woolf, my teachers and case, peers. My version of the world was different from the world just 20 minutes away. Customer Writing. Today, we have the opportunity to change that so simply -- and help kids develop broader perspectives. Let's do it! July 20, 2017 at 6:04 am. Love to see collaboration in education! I was part of the team to install the first TelePresence for education in the U.S. at Madison Area Technical College in 2008.
I learned unless the project has a very strong champion, the investment will be lost. The CIO moved on, and shortly thereafter the college lost its way with technology as the Luddites voices were allowed to drown out the progressives, and chocolates study, misinformation allowed to permeate financial clarity. Even though student surveys showed over 90% favorable and adoption of the technology, money talked. Enrollments have steadily declined ever since without progressive technology investments. July 20, 2017 at 9:02 am. Thanks for eid-ul-adha essay, the comment, Peter. That's really cool that you were on the leading edge of bringing telepresence into the education sector. And that it was a project in Wisconsin vs. the Silicon Valley or one of the other tech hubs. Go cheeseheads! (Should that be capitalized?) I agree with you.
Having strong champions in the higher levels of an rogers case organization is definitely key to technology adoption, no matter the evangelion industry. You need people who are supporting the goals of the project, focusing on the outcomes, and listening to constituents. Hopefully, it gets easier as more people realize that technology advances are all but eliminating the we've always done it this way roadblocks. July 20, 2017 at 5:47 am. Some of the individuals posting to this site, including the moderators, work for Cisco Systems. Opinions expressed here and in any corresponding comments are the personal opinions of the original authors, not of Cisco. The content is provided for informational purposes only and rogers chocolates case study, is not meant to be an service format endorsement or representation by Cisco or any other party. This site is available to the public.
No information you consider confidential should be posted to this site. Rogers Chocolates. By posting you agree to be solely responsible for the content of all information you contribute, link to, or otherwise upload to creative ways to start the Website and release Cisco from any liability related to chocolates your use of the Website. You also grant to Cisco a worldwide, perpetual, irrevocable, royalty-free and fully-paid, transferable (including rights to sublicense) right to new feminist woolf exercise all copyright, publicity, and moral rights with respect to any original content you provide. Rogers Chocolates Case. The comments are moderated. Comments will appear as soon as they are approved by the moderator.
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Positive or Negative Development: IELTS Model Essay. An IELTS model essay for positive or negative development questions. It is common in IELTS writing task 2 to be asked to choose either something is a positive or negative development or trend. Your task is to rogers chocolates, answer the question in the introduction and explain your answer in the body paragraphs. Nowadays, more people are choosing to socialise online rather than face to face. Is this a positive or negative development? IELTS Model Essay: Positive or Negative Development? An increasing number of people meet and talk to their friends online instead of in essay model person.
In my opinion, this is a negative development which can lead to isolation, potentially harmful situations and also problems later on chocolates case study in life. One serious problem that can arise from people socialising online is that it can lead to isolation. Neon Genesis Evangelion Cruel Thesis! Before the internet, people would frequently go out to meet friends, for example in cafes, bars or restaurants, whereas now people prefer to stay at home alone, chatting online. As a result, people are starting to spend the majority of their time alone at rogers case study, home in their room without meeting others. To Start A College! Isolation of this kind is not healthy and can sometimes lead to depression and other issues.
Another issue is that meeting people online can be risky. In other words, people can assume fake identities online as well as hide their true characteristics. Rogers! This is particularly concerning for teenagers who are impressionable and can easily be led into dangerous situations. Furthermore, as this interaction is online, parents have no way of monitoring it and protecting their children. Finally, socialising online can end in interview difficulties years later as conversations and shared photos that had been forgotten reappear. This situation is currently critical for many people, again especially for teenagers who do not think carefully before posting online.
That is to say, information which is put online can remain there forever and while people may share intimate communications with close friends, these words can then resurface later on leading to much embarrassment. In conclusion, although it has become more popular for people to socialise through the internet, it has brought about too many problems for this to be considered a positive trend. Examinerís Comments: This essay provides a clear answer to the essay question. The position is clearly presented in the introduction and also explained and supported throughout the essay. Linking devices are well used and ideas are organised logically. Language is flexible and accurate. Chocolates Study! This would reach band 9. Develop your IELTS skills with tips, lessons, model answers, free videos and essays on virginia woolf, more. When it comes to a Negative or positive kind of an chocolates, essay, can we say some this is both+ and Ė and support both sides in the essay.
Is it also correct? You need to customer format, quantify your opinion. Donít turn it into a discussion essay. You must present a opinion which is case study, quantified. See my advanced lessons if you need training in this. Itís essential to get the techniques right: http://subscriptions.viddler.com/IELTSLizStore.
Probably you have been asked this question a lot of times but can I write that something has both positive and negative effects and still state that itís more like positive, for example (in positive/negative development essay)? Or should I stick to one side only? Thanks in advance. You can present a view which leans more to the positive but still admits aspects of the negative. This doesnít mean you have a balanced view, it means you have a quantified view. Thanks a lot! I really admire your kindness to answer so many questions! Youíre great! Evan here, I think it should be ďnegative trendĒ instead of positive trend at the last part, I mean the service letter format, last phrases..íit has brought too many problems for this to be considered as positive trend..Ē in the conclusion. Please correct if Iím wrong or not. ďit brought too many problems to rogers case, be positiveĒ This means there were so many many many problems that it is questions and answers for essay, not positive.
This is the meaning of that sentence. first I would like to thank you for your support and informations you offer to all students around the world! Your homepage is fantastic. I bought your advanced lessons for rogers chocolates study the writing part but I am still not sure when I have to state my opinion and when not toÖ It is obvious to new feminist woolf, give my opinion when the rogers chocolates, question says ďDo you think../To what extend do you agree/What is your opinionÖ.Ē but in the essay above the question is ďIs this a pos. or neg. development?Ē I donít understand why I should give my opinion. Eid-ul-adha! Do you have any advice, when to write/not write my opinion? Thanks in advance, i am in a serious mess. One of my students inquired me about Ē the rogers case, positive or negative development questionĒ and it was ĎCan we write that it has both positive AND negative development in the introduction? Though i have told her that we canít as the interview for essay, question asks us either positive OR negative, not AND. But, i am still in doubt.Please answer! Students need to be very careful that they donít change an opinion essay into rogers chocolates study a discussion essay.
You are right the instructions ask ďORĒ which means to eid-ul-adha, choose. With these essays, the easiest way to deal with it is to choose one side and have a main point for rogers chocolates case study each body paragraph. As you can see , in my model essay above, I have chosen one side. It is also possible to choose a specific opinion (balanced view). New Feminist Woolf! This doesnít mean that something is both negative AND positive. It means you express in case study exactly what way it is negative and in what way it is a college essay, positive Ė a very quantified and specific view. This technique is only possible with high level students who have the English ability to chocolates case study, present this type of eid-ul-adha view. Any lower level student will make a mistake and WILL get a lower score as a result. So, from a teacherís perspective, it is case, better to model, encourage them to go for a one sided view. Rogers Chocolates! Unless you have very high level students who can deal with a specific view point.
I wrote an introduction on this essay.Do you think i should change it related to creative to start essay, conversation you had above? ĒPresently an case study, increasing number of people meet with their friends online instead of facing each other.In my opinion altough this provides some easiness , this is creative, a negative development which can lead to rogers case, social isolation and genesis, also possible damaging situations. Sorry I donít comment on writing. Your lessons are very helpful and I enjoy learning from you. I would like to ask about positive or negative development question types. From Cambridge 8 Test 2 material: ďHas this become a positive or a negative development?Ē Ė Is it correct to explain about EFFECTS/CONSEQUENCES or have I misunderstood the word development ? You are asked to present your opinion Ė is it positive or is rogers, it negative. Your whole essay should explain your view.
In a positive or negative development essay, could we able to write a balance approach? A balanced approach does not mean you sit on the fence. You must have a clear position, a clear opinion which you explain. I can see youíre inundated with questions here. Sorry to drop another on your lap. In your conclusion you didnít use Ďopinioní words, but rather stated the conclusion as though it were a fact i.e. Eid-ul-adha Essay! you didnít say ďin my opinionĒ..
I infer that you think this is ok, even though I steer my students away from this. Are you working on the basis that itís implied that itís your opinion or in rogers chocolates study fact, do you believe itís a fact. [Interesting to note your use of rephrasing twice (body paraís 2 and 3)] PS Iím a Kiwi. How did you find NZ? Hi Mark, yes, Iím just implying.
As the whole essay is essays woolf, about my opinion, it therefore follows that my conclusion summarises exactly that. However, by all means recommend your students to make their opinion clear in rogers chocolates study the conclusion as well. Eid-ul-adha! Teachers are always best to give advice that steers students of all levels in a safe direction. I loved New Zealand. Rogers Chocolates Study! I did my teacher training in Auckland Language Center and genesis evangelion thesis, also travelled around North Island. Unfortunately, I didnít see much of South Island. Hopefully will do on another trip #128578; Hello! I want to ask a question for positive and negative essayÖ
Do i need to answer both positive and negative sides o the issue or one side is enough? thanks in advance. Have you read the instructions carefully? Does it say ďANDĒ or does it say ďORĒ. Is it asking for both or is chocolates case study, it asking you to choose? Read the instructions. i have always argued wirh my instructor about this type of essays.first i thought we should write what we asked but she told me it is better to write both sides every time #128577; thank you very much for your help. i will appreciate it.
Just follow the instructions. Hello Liz, if the question asks Ē what are the positive and nagative effects on essay the trend Ē do we have to discuss both negative and positive sides ? If it asks for positive AND negative, you give both. If it asks you to choose ďis it positive OR negativeĒ, you need to express what you think. Can i start my introduction with ďit is true thatĒ if the chocolates, question asks Ďis it a positive or negative development?í The background statement and the thesis statement are separate in questions your introduction. Study! Did you watch this lesson: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-2-how-to-write-an-introduction/. How To Essay Model! Also check the rogers chocolates case, main writing task 2 page: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-2/ whenever we get a question of ďpositive or negative developmentĒ are we supposed to follow POSITIVE , NEGATIVE OR A BALANCED APPROACH? Do we have the essays on virginia woolf, liberty to write ďI firmly believe it is a positive exercise in introductionĒ and state the negatives in the first main body paragraph and write positives in the second main body paragraph followed by a positive opinion in chocolates case study conclusion? It is creative ways to start a college, asking for your opinion. You decide your own opinion based on the issues given. Of course you can choose to say you think it is rogers study, only positive.
Your view is your view. Interview Questions And Answers For Essay! The examiner is looking for a clear position with main points that support your view. thank you for your useful sit,however in the last sentence of the conclusion paragraph, i think it is a negative trend not positive, is it? Iím glad you checked with me. Rogers! This sentence is correct. A College Essay! ďit has brought about too many problems for this to be considered a positive trend.Ē when it is case study, written ďtoo many problems to and answers for essay, be consider positiveĒ is means that this canít be positive Ė there are too many problems. Does that help?
Thank you for reply it is clear now. Hi liz, I have a question I would like to chocolates case, ask you. I?ve seen an statement that said: ďExamine the arguments in favour of and against animal experiments, and neon genesis evangelion, come to a conclusion on study this issue.Ē A part from arguing pros and cons, is this asking for my personal opinion? thanks in advance!:) This is eid-ul-adha essay, not an actual IELTS test question. Chocolates Study! Where did you find it?
The question did not directly ask for the opinion or view but instead for positive and customer service letter, negative development. Chocolates! In such question do we need to give our opinion? It does not ask for a positive AND negative development. Neon Evangelion Angel! It asks if you think it is positive OR negative. This means you need to choose what you think Ė thatís an opinion.
Will I be penalised if I use the chocolates case study, academic style for solving GT task2 writing? No. I would advice you to follow all tips for customer service format writing task 2 which you find on my website: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-2/. Also follow all links provided on this page: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-gt-academic-writing-differences/ His Liz,first of all I want to thank u for ur lessons.I recently appeared for ielts academic exam in kerala ,India.My writing task 2 was;Nowadays children likes to stay with computer games rather than outdoor activities.Why is this?State your view as it is a positive or negative development? Thanks for study sharing #128578;
Can we write both opinions in Positive or Negative development essay? It is eid-ul-adha essay, asking you to choose and explain your view. If it asks about family and individuals, one could be positive and the other negative. But if it asks about one thing, then you canít have both. Rogers Case Study! This isnít a discussion essay. I wanna say thank you for providing such helpful material and tips for us.
I took my IELTS Test yesterday and got this model of task 2 in writing. The question was (I canít remember the service letter, exact words): ĎMore and case, more people are travelling to another countries. What is the cause, is eid-ul-adha, it a positive or negative development?í The test was held in Indonesia, just wanna share hope it helps #128578; Thanks for sharing #128578; hi Liz thatís a perfect site.is there any lesson about punctuation marks?i am suffering from rogers case study, this. There is neon genesis thesis, one practice lesson with punctuation on this page: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-2/ There is a typo in the last sentence. Ö for this to rogers case, be considered a positive trend. I suppose it should be a negative trend. Iím glad you are thinking carefully about the interview, meaning of language.
This sentence ďit has brought about too many problems for this to be considered a positive trendĒ is rogers study, actually correct. Eid-ul-adha Essay! The words ďtoo many problemsĒ is negative which means that there are so many problems, it canít be a positive trend. Hi Liz. In your essay example above, you state your opinion (positive/negative) and chocolates, give the reason for neon genesis evangelion angel the opinion in the introduction. Rogers Case Study! What if the question ask for essay model the cause of rogers case some issue and also the trend? What should i state in the introduction? Both or just one?
And how do i arrange the content in eid-ul-adha essay the paragraphs? For example: what is the cause for this issue? Is it a positive or negative development? Itís trick with cause and solution because you usually have two causes and two solutions so itís too much to write it all in the introduction. You could give the causes and add ďsolutions must also be consideredĒ so something like that.
Then do the reverse for the conclusion. you are the best teacherÖÖ i have given IELTS test in Abu Dhabi writing task 2. People are drinking more sugar based drinks. what are the reasons and how to prevent it. Writing task1 was. The table gives information of rogers chocolates population aged over 60 in 2000 and prediction of aged population in 2050 of six continents (asia, africa, europe, south america ,north america, oceana.) and the whole worldÖsame as the one you have given in one of the sample Ö. thanks Liz for your material really helpful n easy to eid-ul-adha, understand Ö..This time i feel confidence after reading your material Ökeep up the good job dear Ö. Thanks for sharing #128578; I am really proud of myself getting a real guider like you for my IELTS preparation. I want to rogers chocolates study, get some more tips and ideas from letter, you so that I can do my level best in IELTS exam. Thank you so much Liz. Hi dear Liz.
Can you help me I have just one question. Case! Most artists earn low salaries and neon evangelion thesis, should therefore receive funding from government in order to continue with their work. Chocolates Case Study! do you agree. Ö What does Ďartistsí mean in this essay? just Painters or musicians , sculptors as well ? Thanks in advance. The word ďartistĒ covers most creative professions. You can highlight that in your essay with examples. In this type of essay, I am still allowed to give own opinion ? It is essay, not required. This is asking for your opinion Ė itís asking you to chocolates, choose. Here the question is, is it a positive or negative development? . Author likes to answer as negetive deveopment and gives detail description why is it negative development. My question is, why does he not write a paragraph on neon angel its positive development? is it necessary? is it only acquired in both view discussion question? Thank you for your good job. The instructions do not ask you to present the positive AND negative developments. The instructions ask if you think it is positive or negative Ė you need to rogers case study, choose and present your opinion.
Be very careful that you understand the difference between essays which require you to discuss both sides and essays which require you to choose. can we support for both positive and on virginia, negative.finally , in conclusion we say that there are more disadvantages than advantagesÖÖÖ. This topic comes to me yesterday in chocolates case my ielts test #128577; Hi Liz. are you gonna post your (do the advantages outweigh disadvantages) band9 example essay? A heartly thanks and blessings for the great effort of essay presenting this valuable blog. I have a test on 23rd of chocolates case this month, I saw most of your lessons and cleared my doubts too, but still bit worried about time management in reading writing as well as as multiple choices in reading.. Iíll keep practicing until exam.. Thank you. Sorry I read this so late. Good luck!
Hi Liz. Creative Ways To Start! can I present both positive and negative trends in my essay. You can either choose a one sided approach or a balanced approach but donít go for the balanced approach unless you have been trained how to write it. Hello Liz, I had this type of question in my last exam. Rogers Chocolates! The question is- Children are given more freedom nowadays as compared to essay model, the past. Do you think it is rogers chocolates case, a positive or negative development? Can we answer like.
Intro- while some people believe it is a positive development , I strongly disagree their view ( making my stance clear in interview questions and answers for essay the essay) 1st body- Some people believe it is positive dev for several reasons- firstly,ÖÖ SecondlyÖÖ 2nd body- however, I strongly delieve there are more detrimental effects, one of the major reason is,ÖÖ. Another reason isÖÖ FinallyÖ.. Conclusion- although there are few benefits I personally feel that the study, demerits of this outweigh the advantages. Pls comment on this, is eid-ul-adha essay, this acceptable? I just wonder that whether we should use chat online instead of chatting online in study 2nd paragraph of this essay since it can be a verb to present second action after ďpeople prefer toĒ. If am writing a positive /nigantive essay like this one above, do I write about only negatives if I think that the negatives are more or do I write about both of pros and and answers, cons and then say my opinion?Ö
Do I say my potion in separate paragraph, or I say it in rogers study the paragraph that I agree with?Ö.. Plz answer me I really need this?Ö.. It does not ask you to discuss both sides. You answer the question Ė which one do you think ďpositive OR negativeĒ. Yesterday I took General IELTS. Genesis Cruel Thesis! My writing task 2 was that some people use some languages and these are disappearing in some countries. What are the reasons? Is it positive or negetive development? I wrote the rogers chocolates case, some reasons with following your problems and solutions structure. New Feminist On Virginia! I took the position of negetive development.
I didnít mention anything about positive develop. In conclusion paragraph, I mentioned only how can solve this. Am I in correct position? I hope I can write my essay as good as this. O Is it okay to combine BP 2 and 3? thanks. I wouldnít combine them. Rogers! They are different points Ė one is about danger and one is about sharing personal information. Also it would make the interview questions, body paragraphs unequal if you combined them. Thankyou for rogers chocolates study your lessons.may i ask you two doubts.1)while writing body paragragh can we include two or three points in same.For eg.if we need to state reasons for an opinion essay, can we include two reasons and its explanation in one paragraph by neon genesis angel thesis using firstly and rogers study, secondly.2) whether it is neccessary to put a counter argument for agree diagree essay. Each paragraph must have a central theme. Keep ideas logically organised. If it is an opinion essay, the ways to start, whole content of the essay explains your opinion and nothing more.
When will your next course be finished (I bought both already). Are you an examiner Ė present or past? Thanks! I did my IELTS examiner training in 2008 and study, have worked as an essays on virginia woolf, IELTS trainer since then. Rogers Case Study! My next video is about the advantage disadvantage essay and Iíve filmed about how to essay model 50% so far. Hopefully I can finish the rest in two weeks Ė fingers crossed! Iím glad my other lessons have been useful #128578; Thanks, please address the opinion version of the ads/disads Ė ďdo the rogers chocolates case study, ads outweigh the disadsĒ. Iím a little bit confused this question. Should i give my opinion or should I discuss both point of view?
What Iím trying to say is that whether opinion essay or discussion essay. To tell you the truth, I canít make a distinction this question if opinion essay or discuss essay. Could you explain a little bit more, please? Thank you very much! This question is asking you to choose ďorĒ not to creative ways essay, give both ďandĒ.
Read the instructions ďpositive or negativeĒ. Case! When you choose something, it is your opinion. So this is eid-ul-adha essay, asking you to choose a side and explain why you think that. Hello from Brazil Liz, First of all, I would like to thank you for chocolates case your tips.
It is very helpful and has help me a lot. I just wonder the type of the your answer , because that type Of essays came to me in my last exam and I did not estate my opinion directly (as I thought the how to, question did not ask to give personal opinion , I thought it needed a general answer) , is that right to answer this type of essay questions with general point of view not personal point of view?? If I were wrong ,that would illustrate why I had 6 in my last exam however I was sure I did quite well :)=======I am trying to figure out my mistakes. Any questions that asks you to choose between two options, is chocolates, asking for your opinion. Woolf! Itís a personal choice and rogers study, you must state your choice in eid-ul-adha essay the introduction and explain it in case study the body paragraphs. This is how to model, one of the biggest reasons why students fail to get the score they want. many thanks for the advice Liz. it really helped me to chocolates case study, distinguish my fault.
I tried writing my opinion on the essay and my last point is not too clear to creative a college essay, me so i was wondering if u could check it out for me. This is the last point stated below. Online friendship makes it possible for chocolates one to experience the new and advanced trend that technology is depicting to the world. Essays On Virginia Woolf! Technological advancement is moving the world to a different direction, and the only rogers chocolates study way to abreast oneself with such advanced improvement is to stay connected to eid-ul-adha essay, the global network and a way of doing that is to keep up with this change. Sorry I donít give feedback on writing. May be one of the chocolates study, other students can give comments. Ok i understand, thank you anyway for taking time to view it. ďThis is particularly concerning for teenagers who are impressionable and can easily be lead into on virginia woolf dangerous situations.Ē
Hi Liz, I think there is rogers chocolates study, a small mistake in the sentence: led must be used instead of lead because it is in passive voice. Thanks. It was a typo. Iím so glad my students are good at proof reading #128578; For this type of question, do I always need to choose positive or negative? Or can I say, for instance, that this is interview, positive for individuals and negative for society?
Yes, you can say that one aspect is positive and one aspect is negative. This is chocolates, called a balanced approach where you quantify your opinion. If the essay question was only about society, you should just choose one side. What score would you give for essays this essay? Iíve just added the scoring into the examinerís comments. wow 9? Thank you so much for adding it. Does ďIĒ have to study, be a capital for Ď the InternetĒ? Current IELTS exam topics and and answers for essay, questions: Share your IELTS test results.
Useful Links for IELTS Line Graphs in WT1. WT1 Table 30th Sept: To be completed. IELTS Model Essays for September 2017. IELTS Writing Questions September 2017. Answer to yesterdayís paraphrasing exercise 3.
Hi, my name is chocolates case study, Elizabeth (Liz). I'm an experienced IELTS teacher from the UK and a graduate of the University of London. I have been teaching for over 16 years and for the last 9 years I have specialised, exclusively, in IELTS. Essays Woolf! I have taught in a number of countries: England, Spain, New Zealand, South Korea, China and Vietnam, where I taught at the British Council.
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What does it mean to be a citizen? Essay Sample. 1. What does it mean to study be a citizen? The term ďCitizenĒ is defined in essay the compact Macquarie Dictionary as, ďa member, native or naturalised, of state or nationĒ. This paper intends to question what it is that constitutes a member or citizen, of state or nation. Many concepts and case study, theories are promoted by ways to start political theorists and case, practitioners alike that are varied and many in creative a college essay response to defining a ďcitizenĒ. The expanse of these theories ranges from the all-encompassing endorsement of world citizenship where nation or state borders are invisible, to limited conditional nation based citizenship, which for example, may discriminate against a citizenís nationality in chocolates applying for government office positions. Whilst citizenship in a legal context can be defined objectively and focuses on the formal status of an individual in the community, such as permanent or temporary residency it is the social definition of citizenship that becomes varied. Diverse as the theories are regarding citizenship, as noted by Heywood there is a correlation amongst the theorists that citizenship is the relationship between the individual, state and society. It is this relationship and surrounding values that defines the rights and responsibilities of citizenship that becomes complex. It is the focus of this essay to present a critical perspective on model, the broader concepts of citizenship that explores ideas and rogers chocolates case study, theories concerning the social rights and responsibilities of citizenship and my support, and/or criticism of these theories in response to marginalisation, exclusion and customer letter writing format, inclusion within the community.
As Australia has no bill of rights that outlines the identity of what the relationship is rogers chocolates case study, regarding the rights and responsibilities as a citizen, it is up to each individual to interpret the significance of citizenship. As an Australian born citizen my personal expectations include a broad variety of rights and responsibilities that are reciprocal between Australia and its citizens. My values align with those expressed by the Australian government regarding citizenship as a membership for the common good of all that includes a commitment to Australia and to the values and eid-ul-adha, principles that underpin Australiaís democracy and its public institutions. These principles include observing the rule of law, tolerance, equality of opportunity, Parliamentary democracy, freedom of speech and religion, equality of the rogers chocolates study races and sexes and eid-ul-adha, acceptance of the right of others to chocolates express their views and values. In response to this I expect the Australian government to commit to these principles by way of supportive legislation to enforce, such as federal and state anti-discrimination laws, adequate funding to neon genesis cruel angel initiate by way of budget, and community education of these principles that is chocolates study, available to how to all in creating an chocolates study, infrastructure of endorsement for these behaviors. In my opinion the fact that we have what I would argue as vague normative principles, being ideals, surrounding citizenship in a multicultural society, creates difficulty in defining the significance of citizenship and the common good.
Whilst Australia has addressed the political and civil rights of citizens to accommodate equality, for example the right to neon genesis evangelion equality before the law and the right to vote , it is the social rights within our communities that come under criticism. I believe that it is case study, due to the lack of an agreed charter that details mutual obligation between citizens and society that is representative of interview and answers, Australian citizens that increases the opportunity to rogers chocolates case study marginalize and exclude certain members of the neon community. Social exclusion refers to the situation of people who do not have access to rogers chocolates case the goods and services enjoyed by the majority and extends to how we conceive and organise our response to this inequality. This exclusion can be through economic and/or social disadvantage such as non-English speaking migrants, the disabled and women etc, and is exacerbated in areas where these groups are under represented or disadvantaged within the community framework. It is eid-ul-adha essay, with these groups in mind that I believe a more structured community model with consideration of social inclusion that is based on redistribution of social wealth as promoted by Marshall that encompasses civil, political and social rights can act as a safety net to minimize exclusion. I believe in the principles subscribed to rogers by social democrats and others that economic and social right is intertwined as the neon genesis evangelion cruel angel foundation of a civilized life. In my opinion history has proven that economic inequity thwarts opportunity in education, personal development and equal social opportunities that establishes a cycle of exclusion that if not addressed can produce ďsecond class citizensĒ status that can be entrenched in generations and tolerated as a fact of life. The concept of tolerance as suggested by Walzer in this environment is totally unacceptable in aiding a plural society such as ours.
In my view social conditions that have created ďsecond class citizensĒ preventing them from social inclusion can be addressed within the framework of a welfare assisted state with a universal mix of government, non-government and community funded developed with the aim of rogers, ensuring social cohesion and equity of access, treatment and opportunity. In promoting and supporting these social rights for citizens I would also argue in favour of an obligation of responsibility to participate in the community. This participation as a citizen should not be a substitute for eid-ul-adha, the necessary improvements in chocolates case the social and material conditions of those who are socially disadvantaged but I believe it is a vital part of the process of achieving social inclusion. , Education within the community needs to highlight that different forms of interview questions for essay, participatory citizenship are all equally valuable to rogers chocolates study our social fabric, such as caring for our elderly, disabled and young etc that is often neglected as a contribution in society . As stated by Heywood, an important part of genesis evangelion angel, being, that in chocolates case my view is part of citizenship, is to service writing have a psychological component, a sense of belonging. Belonging to a group regardless of size or cause will have no meaning unless you feel you belong. It is for this reason of belonging that I acknowledge the chocolates concept of world citizenship as suggested by interview for essay Martha Nussbaum, but do not value it as appropriate when inspiring a sense of belonging, as it is chocolates case, my opinion that it becomes impersonal. This concept of belonging is paramount in a plural democracy with differing views and I would emphasis the benefit of a national charter of citizen rights and obligations in creating a common denominator that would be a benchmark for how to, inclusion and avenue for solidarity. I maintain that participation within a community is beneficial for its own sake in that contributing strengthens democracy and the participantsí own democratic habits. Recognition of issues within the community such as lack of homecare assistance for the elderly will not be addressed without activity in the wider community that informs.
Participation leads to educational and community development benefits that are recognized as further opportunity to achieve and/ or defend individual outcomes with the case study benefit of education and political influence and power. It is for this reason that my preference of models for participation is essay, that of the social democrats where all citizens are given a stake in society regardless of their economic or social standing that is beneficial for study, the individual as well as the state or nation, rather than the republican, modern liberal or right- winged libertarian models. In my view the classical republican model as supported by Arendt and others, offers limited opportunity for eid-ul-adha, involvement of civic duties and a sense of belonging for individuals that struggle with daily survival, and would therefore offer a prejudiced view of rogers case study, representation within the community. This model in for essay my opinion has opportunity to develop into a class driven society whereby citizens with time and economic support mould the community with narrow perspectives. I also support the thought that participation within a community does not automatically inspire a sense of citizenship and belonging as noted by Heywood. Many citizens in rogers case study rural and remote communities who are community focussed and interview and answers for essay, work exceptionally long hours protest that they are marginalised due to geographic localities, government support and market conditions.
These rural communities value themselves as active within the community but believe they are penalised by incurring higher costs for basic services such as telecommunications, daily consumables etc and have limited access to resources such as health and education. It is with these environments in mind that dispels the rogers chocolates case study arguments, in my view, that are presented by neo-liberal theories as sound principles for future community development and citizen participation. The individualist self-help concept, as advocated by some , appear to lack a fundamental human element of support and social cohesion that is creative to start essay, vital in producing a ďcommunityĒ. In my mind this is against the concept of citizenship in working toward the common good in creating an environment that accommodates a safety net for all. Further to this I believe that practices evolving from right-wing libertarians that promote individualism limit social representation which in turn creates poverty avenues and community divide. The practices of individualism in my opinion are founded on the thought of all being on equal social and economic standing in the first instance and allow no room for the disadvantaged.
I argue that if structures to right social inequities and create opportunities are not established to assist, society will not broaden its thought association and individuals will not flourish to their full potential. Rogers Chocolates Case. To support these services and provide social equity may involve the cruel angel justification of social inequality to benefit the disadvantaged as proposed by Rawls. Rogers Study. Without the introduction of this principle many disadvantaged groups within Australia would not have equal opportunity to develop and on virginia, act as citizens and be part of a community. In conclusion, within this essay I have endeavored to define the rogers concept of a citizen that has explored various theories surrounding this topic and present a sound discussion on my belief of the interlocking association between social inclusion and questions and answers, citizenship. I firmly believe that co-operation and participation between individuals of rogers study, a society that has a broad spectrum of representation forms a strong community devoid of marginalisation.
I maintain the concept of communities lending support to the government in eliminating the economic and social gap separating people from realising their full potential. This can be supported with a sound infrastructure that removes barriers and risk to social inclusion that develops the interview and answers for essay skills and capacities of individuals to participate in the social and rogers case, economic. mainstream of community life will encourage a more equitable society. ∑ Amartya S, 1996, ĎHumanity and creative ways a college, CitizenshipĒ, in Martha Nussbaum, ed., For Love of Country. Rogers Case Study. Debating the how to limits of Patriotism, Beacon Press, Boston, ∑ Cunneen C, Libesman T (1995) Indigenous People and the Law in Australia Butterworths Sydney.
∑ Everingham, C (2001), ďReconstituting community: social order and the politics of the communityĒ, in Journal of Social Issues, Vol.36 2, May. ∑ Graycar A Jamrozik, A (1993) How Australians Live: Social Policy in Theory and chocolates, Practice, Melbourne Macmillan. ∑ Goodlad R (1999) Social Exclusion, regeneration and citizen participation Issues Paper No. 1. ∑ Heywood A (1999) Political Theory An Introduction Palgrave Great Britain. ∑ Ife J, Morley, L 2002 ďHuman Rights and Child PovertyĒ School of Social Work Social Policy Curtin University of Technology Perth, Western Australia. ∑ OíConnor, I Wilson J Setterlund, D (1998), Ē Social Welfare in AustraliaĒ, Chapter 2, in Social Work and Welfare Practice, Longman, Melbourne. ∑ Penna, S OíBrien, M., (1998), Theorising Welfare: Enlightenment and Modern Society, Sage, London. ∑ Polglase N, (2000) Bridging the Gap Ė Strategies for renewal in rural and ways essay, remote communities Online Opinion. ∑ Porter E (2003) ďContemporary Ideas in Political PracticeĒ Southern Cross. ∑ Rubenstein K, (2000) ďCitizenship And The Centenary Ė Inclusion And Exclusion In 20th Century AustraliaĒ 24 Melbourne University Law Review 576.
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essay descartes PREVIEW OF FINAL EXAMINATION. INSTRUCTIONS: Write a 25-30 minute essay on any two topics from case study, Group A (Descartes), and on any two topics from Group B (Hume) below. Put your name and the name of your Teaching Assistant on the examination booklet. Also, turn in with your booklet the 3 x 5 card (with your name printed on it) on which you have written, typed, or printed whatever you have thought might help you to write intelligent essays. Be sure to write legibly and to give examples wherever possible. Also, be sure to incorporate into each of interview questions and answers for essay your essays all the matters mentioned in rogers case, the paragraph that expands the essay topic. This material is new feminist, meant to rogers chocolates study, help you structure your essays; it is eid-ul-adha essay, not -- nor is rogers chocolates case study, it intended to be -- exhaustive, and you should not limit your essays to interview for essay, matters raised in it. GROUP A (DESCARTES): D1. Descartes's 4-Part Method.
In the epiphany he experienced in rogers case, the stove-heated tent on November 10, 1619, Descartes somehow espied the 4-part method whereby he claimed to customer writing format, have later made remarkable discoveries. In what does this method consist? In what ways does it resemble proof or demonstration in euclidean geometry? Are its rules algorithmic (like the rules of long division), i.e., is creativity unnecessary when applying them? For each rule of his method, can one tell whether one has followed it correctly? What are the starting points of the method? What made him decide to apply his method to mathematics before applying it to the other sciences or to philosophy? After having become skilled in its application to mathematics, why did Descartes decide to apply his method to philosophy rather than to one of the sciences? D2. Descartes's Provisional Moral Code. Why does Descartes find it necessary to formulate and adopt a provisional moral code?
In what does it consist? Is it a radical or conservative code? Is it provincial? In what ways does his provisional moral code differ sharply from the method that he has developed for arriving at certain truths? What is Stoic about his provisional moral code? How does he use the old Scholastic principle that the will naturally tends to desire only what the intellect represents to chocolates study, it as somehow possible to justify his second provisional moral maxim? What occupation does Descartes adopt?
Does he think it to be the best occupation? Why? D3. Essay! Descartes's Language and Action Tests. Explain carefully Descartes's so-called Language Test for discriminating between humans and robots. What, according to Descartes, makes this test work infallibly? What kind of certainty does it produce? Explain his so-called Action Test for discriminating between humans and robots. Is it an rogers study infallible test? What kind of certainty does it generate?
Explain how these two tests can be used to distinguish humans from animals. How does Descartes meet some of the objections that might be raised against questions for essay his Language Test? How does he appeal to rogers chocolates case, animal failure to justify his Action Test? D4. Descartes on interview, Observation and Experimentation. Why does Descartes think that observations become more important the further one goes in knowledge? At the outset of inquiry into nature, should one rest content with natural (spontaneous) observations or should one seek more recondite observations via deliberate, contrived experiments? Why? What order does Descartes follow with respect to observations? What problems does he encounter at the third stage, i.e., after first having dealt with God and the first principles or causes of everything that exists, and secondly with the first and chocolates case study most ordinary effects deducible from these causes?
At the third stage, does Descartes's inquiry move from effects to eid-ul-adha, causes, or vice versa? What holds him back from chocolates case study, further progress? What profit had he anticipated from publication of the customer letter format physical treatise he has now decided to rogers case, suppress? D5. Descartes's Method of new feminist on virginia woolf Doubt in the First Meditation. Why is Descartes so obsessed with doubt? Why does he submit his beliefs to scrutiny by class or type rather than one at a time? What causes him to chocolates, doubt his sense-based beliefs?
To doubt beliefs such as that he has a head and hands? To doubt his mathematical beliefs? What is the Evil Demon hypothesis? What function does it serve? Is there any way for Descartes to frustrate the Evil Demon?
Formulate Descartes's dream hypothesis. Why does he advance it? Which of his beliefs does it call into doubt? Which ones does it leave intact? Is he able to reject the customer service dream hypothesis in this Meditation?
D6. Cogito ergo sum (je pense donc je suis) in case, the Second Meditation. What is the Cogito, a proposition or an argument or a bit of both? How does Descartes derive it? What does he mean by thinking? How certain is to start a college, Descartes that he is rogers chocolates case study, thinking? On what grounds? How certain is he that he exists? On what grounds? How certain or indubitable is the Cogito itself? What does the Cogito tell Descartes about his own nature?
D7. Descartes's nature as a thinking thing in the Second Meditation. Why does Descartes reject the how to essay model traditional answer rational animal to the question what his nature is, i.e., what kind of thing he is? What is his own answer to this question? Is having a body, or being able to perform activities like eating or walking, part of his nature? Why or why not?
What does he mean by thinking? Does he distinguish seeing a horse from seeming to see the horse? Why or why not? Is it possible that a body can think? Is it possible that Descartes is really a body?
Which is more easily and rogers chocolates study better known: a piece of wax or one's own mind? Why? D8. The Third Meditation Argument for the Existence of God. What at the beginning of questions this Meditation does Descartes know with certainty to exist? With respect to case, their formal reality, are some ideas superior to interview questions for essay, or more perfect than others? With respect to their objective reality? What causal principle does Descartes invoke to escape from solipsism? How does it apply to ideas?
What kind of chocolates study idea will enable him to creative to start a college, escape solipsism? To what idea does he apply his causal principle to establish that there exists something other than himself with his ideas? How does his argument to the existence of God go? Would this argument still go through if he had applied the causal principle to his idea of chocolates study himself or to customer service format, his idea of an angel (a purely spiritual but finite substance)? Is his idea of an infinite substance a negative or a positive idea? Why does it matter? Could his idea of God be materially false?
Why does it matter? D9. Error, intellect, and will in the Fourth Meditation. Would God be a malicious deceiver if He placed in rogers chocolates, me a cognitive faculty that makes mistakes or errors when I use it properly? Show how the answer to the preceding question gives rise to the two paradoxes of error. Formulate Descartes's account of error. Explain whether God could have given Descartes an intellect of such sort that he would never make any errors? In what sense is Descartes's will equal to interview for essay, God's? In what sense is study, it inferior to interview questions and answers, God's?
Is God blameworthy for having given Descartes a will that outstrips his intellect? What can Descartes himself do to escape error? How does he know that this escape from error really works? If he nonetheless falls into error, does it reflect badly on God? D10. Rogers Chocolates Case Study! Descartes's ontological argument in questions and answers, the Fifth Meditation.
Where does Descartes get the idea for his ontological argument? What is it about his idea of rogers chocolates a triangle that makes it possible for him to prove that the sum of to start essay its interior angles equals 180 degrees? How does the idea of a unicorn differ from the chocolates case study idea of a triangle? How cogent are mathematical demonstrations (proofs)? Can Descartes doubt a mathematical theorem when he has its proof before his mind?
Formulate his ontological proof of the existence of God. How cogent is it? Why then does Descartes hesitate to accept its conclusion as an indubitable and service letter format certain truth? Formulate the chocolates three objections he raises against his own ontological argument? How does he answer these objections? Does he now give his full assent to essay model, his ontological argument and its conclusion? D11. Rogers Chocolates Study! Descartes's Sixth Meditation argument to an external world. What causal principle and what conceptual premiss does Descartes invoke to neon cruel, prove that bodies can exist? Explain how he argues to the probable existence of bodies from the case fact that he can imagine mathematical objects like triangles.
On the basis of what causal principle does Descartes think that his sense ideas (sensations and sense perceptions) must come from one of four sources: himself, bodies, God, or some being intermediate in perfection between bodies and God? How does Descartes rule out himself as the source of his sense ideas? Why would God be a malicious deceiver if the source of interview and answers for essay Descartes's sense ideas was either God Himself or some being intermediate between bodies and chocolates case study God? What permits Descartes now to conclude that he really does have a body and that material bodies are the sources of his adventitious sense ideas? D12. Good-tasting poison, dropsical thirst, and God's veracity in the Sixth Meditation. Distinguish accidental from ways to start a college, systematic or intrinsic error? Is the rogers chocolates study fact that someone desires to eat a good-tasting but poisoned soup an example of accidental or systematic error? Does it convict God of malicious deception?
Why or why not? Is the eid-ul-adha illness-induced thirst of chocolates study someone who suffers from dropsy an new feminist on virginia accidental or a systematic error? If systematic, does it convict God of malicious deception? Why or why not? H1. Simple Idea as Copies of Impressions.
What does Hume mean by rogers case, a perception of the mind? Into what classes does he divide them? On what basis? Is this bipartite classification mutually exclusive? Jointly exhaustive? What is an impression?
A simple idea? A complex idea? Give examples. What is neon evangelion angel thesis, inner sense? Outer sense? How does the copy (the idea) resemble the original (the impression or sentiment)? How do they differ? What are Hume's evidence and arguments for the thesis that simple ideas are copies of chocolates study impressions? Does he intend this thesis to essays on virginia, be exceptionless, i.e., general or universal? How then might opponents challenge the thesis?
What is the philosophical status of an alleged simple idea for which there is no corresponding impression? What is Hume's Microscope and how does this thesis give rise to it? What is the chocolates study relevance of the case of the missing shade of blue? What is Hume's final disposition of this case? Formulate Hume's Fork.
Give examples of relations of ideas and of matters of fact or real existence. What is the basis of and answers Hume's Fork? Does it divide propositions into mutually exclusive and case jointly exhaustive classes? Which propositions are discoverable a priori? Which are discoverable a posteriori?
Which contradictories are conceivable? Which propositions take us beyond the immediate deliverances of customer sense and rogers chocolates case of memory? When do people think they have insight into causal relationships? When do they recognize that they lack such insight? What allegedly follows from the observation that cause and eid-ul-adha essay effect are distinct events? What is the thought experiment about Adam supposed to show?
To what is human reason limited in causal matters? H3. No Rational Justification of Causal Reasoning. What is the nature of all reasoning concerning matters of fact and real existence? What is the foundation of all our reasonings and conclusions concerning cause-and-effect? How do these two questions differ from Hume's new question: What is the foundation of all conclusions from experience? Formulate Hume's negative answer to this new question. Study! What can past experience tell us about which objects follow upon which objects? On what basis do we extrapolate from past experience to the future and to unobserved cases?
Is the link between past and genesis cruel angel thesis future intuitive? Demonstrative? Do we appeal to a principle of the uniformity of nature in chocolates study, making such extrapolations? Can we justify this appeal in a noncircular fashion? Why don't these considerations show only creative a college essay that Hume isn't clever enough to find a justification for the aforesaid extrapolation? H4. Hume's Microscope. Given Hume's theory of ideas as copies of impressions, what is the rogers chocolates case obvious way or method to eliminate the interview for essay obscurity and ambiguity of ideas in the moral sciences? What does Hume take definition to be? Why does definition serve to clarify and disambiguate only complex ideas? How, then, does one clarify and rogers case disambiguate simple ideas that are obscure or ambiguous?
To what is Hume referring when he speaks of a new microscope or species of optics, by eid-ul-adha, which, in the moral sciences, the most minute, and most simple ideas may be so enlarged as to fall readily under our apprehension? To which idea, as a test case of philosophical analysis, does Hume apply his new microscope? Why did he choose to investigate this particular idea? Why does he look for rogers chocolates case study, the impression of neon genesis cruel angel thesis which this idea is supposedly a copy, rather than define it by enumerating its component simple ideas? H5. Necessary Connection. Does Hume think that the rogers case idea of necessary connection is genesis evangelion cruel, a copy of an impression produced by single instances of physical objects or events that stand in a causal relation? Why not? Does it arise from reflection on the operations of the mind? In particular, does it arise from the control of, or influence over, the body by the will? What makes Hume think that we come to know the influence of the will over the body only through experience?
Does the idea of necessary connection arise, then, from an rogers chocolates impression produced or felt when the mind or will operates on ideas or other mental contents, as when we will to call up ideas or propositions? What makes Hume think that we learn the influence of will over thoughts and service writing format other mental contents only from experience? What impression does Hume finally identify as the original sentiment of chocolates which the idea of necessary connection is a copy? Is necessary connection, then, a matter of projecting something mental onto the world? By finding an impression corresponding to the idea, has Hume shown that necessary connection is a philosophically legitimate idea? H6. Questions! Hume's Touchstone. Does it enhance the credentials of a theory about the human mind when one finds that it is needed to chocolates case study, explain operations of neon genesis cruel thesis animal minds? What is chocolates study, Hume's Touchstone? Why does he proceed to apply this touchstone to his theory of creative a college experimental reasoning (his theory of how we reason about matters of fact and real existence)? Does he think that animals, like men, learn many things from experience?
Do they expect that like effects will follow like causes? Are these inferences or expectations based on study, past experience? To what evidence for these claims does Hume point? Can one account for these animal inferences or expectations as instances of reasoning or argument that invokes some sort of essay uniformity of nature principle? Do human children make causal inferences in this way? Why not? Is animal belief to be explained in the same way Hume explained human belief? Why didn't Nature entrust such important operations as causal inferences to reasoning and argumentation rather than to habit or custom? H7. A Priori Knowledge of Matters of Fact. Do animals acquire all their knowledge of matters of fact and rogers case real existence from sense perception and causal reasoning?
If not, what is this knowledge like and ways a college essay where do they get it? What is INSTINCT? Is causal reasoning itself an instinct? Do animals have a priori knowledge of rogers matters of fact and real existence? If so, how can this be reconciled with Hume's system? Do humans have a priori knowledge of matters of fact and real existence? If so, where and how do they get it? If not, are animals cognitively better endowed than humans? H8. The Nature of Belief.
What does Hume take belief in a proposition to essays on virginia, be? Does he offer a definition of belief? Why not? How does he describe the feeling or sentiment of belief? Would someone who was incapable of feeling have any beliefs? Which principle of association of case ideas is closely tied to belief? In what way is essay, it tied? Do resemblance and rogers case study contiguity by questions and answers, themselves ever give rise to belief? Why not?
H9. Reliability of Human Testimony and Miracles. How common, useful, and rogers chocolates case necessary is reasoning based on writing format, human testimony? On what does such reasoning depend? On past experience of rogers chocolates human veracity and of the letter format conformity of rogers chocolates case events to new feminist woolf, reports about them? On the relation of cause and rogers case effect?
When does the evidence of human testimony have the status of probability? When does it become proof? What factors will enhance the force of testimony? What factors will diminish it? Is the improbability of the reported event one of genesis cruel angel thesis these diminishing factors? What does Hume mean by a miracle? If the reported event is miraculous, is case, this circumstance direct and full proof against its occurrence? What if the interview for essay testimony to the miracle is so solid that its falsity would be miraculous, or even more miraculous than the wondrous event? What should a rational person conclude if he or she finds a miracle supported by absolutely incontrovertible testimony? Is there ever such testimony for religious miracles?
Why or why not? The third quiz will count for 30% of the quiz-and-recitation grade (the first quiz and rogers chocolates study recitation section participation will each count for 20%, the eid-ul-adha second quiz for rogers chocolates case, 30%). It will consist of one long essay and two short essays on topics to be distributed in advance. ESSAY TOPICS FOR 3RD QUIZ. Long Essay Topics: L1. Simple Idea as Copies of Impressions. What does Hume mean by to start, a perception of the mind? Into what classes does he divide them? On what basis?
Is this bipartite classification mutually exclusive? Jointly exhaustive? What is an case impression? A simple idea? A complex idea? Give examples. Interview Questions! What is inner sense? Outer sense? How does the copy (the idea) resemble the rogers original (the impression or sentiment)?
How do they differ? What are Hume's evidence and arguments for the thesis that simple ideas are copies of impressions? Does he intend this thesis to be exceptionless, i.e., general or universal? How then might opponents challenge. the thesis? What is the philosophical status of an alleged simple idea for which there is no corresponding impression?
What is Hume's Microscope and eid-ul-adha how does this thesis give rise to rogers, it? What is the relevance of the service letter writing case of the missing shade of blue? What is Hume's final disposition of this case? Formulate Hume's Fork. Give examples of relations of ideas and of matters of rogers study fact or real existence. What is the basis of Hume's Fork? Does it divide propositions into mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive classes? Which propositions are discoverable a priori?
Which are discoverable a posteriori? Which contradictories are conceivable? Which propositions take. us beyond the immediate deliverances of sense and neon evangelion cruel angel thesis of memory? When do people think they have insight into rogers chocolates case causal relationships? When do they recognize that they lack such insight? What allegedly follows from the observation that cause. and effect are distinct events?
What is the thought experiment about Adam supposed to genesis evangelion angel, show? To what is human reason limited in causal matters? L3. No Rational Justification of chocolates case study Causal Reasoning. What is the nature of all reasoning concerning matters of fact and real existence? What is the foundation of all our reasonings and conclusions concerning cause-and-effect? How do these two questions differ from Hume's new question: What is the foundation of all conclusions from experience?
Formulate Hume's negative answer to new feminist essays on virginia woolf, this new question. What can past. experience tell us about chocolates case, which objects follow upon new feminist on virginia woolf which objects? On what basis do we extrapolate from past experience to the future and to unobserved cases? Is the link between past and future intuitive?
Demonstrative? Do we appeal to chocolates, a principle of the uniformity of nature in making such extrapolations? Can we justify this appeal in a noncircular fashion? Why don't these. considerations show only that Hume isn't clever enough to find a justification for the aforesaid extrapolation?
L4. Single versus Multiple Cases. Can single cases of the conjunction of two objects or events ever give rise to the idea of cause-and-effect? Explain. How does a multiplicity of cases give rise to this idea? What does this show about the role of reason or the understanding in generating the questions for essay idea of rogers case study cause-and-effect? Could the genesis cruel thesis understanding by itself ever get beyond what is immediately present to the. senses or to memory? If reason does not prompt us to draw conclusions from chocolates study, experience, i.e., to make inductive or causal inferences, what principle does prompt such inferences?
What is custom? Is it a type of instinct? How does the essay invocation of chocolates study custom (habit) remove the ways to start essay difficulty about multiple-case versus single-case causal inferences? Without custom, what would the range of human knowledge be? Can we, by reasoning about it, resist custom (habit) when it prompts us to rogers chocolates case, infer one thing from another thing that is on virginia, present to our senses or memory when we have found the two things constantly conjoined in our experience? Is it custom or will, then, that determines what we believe about matters of fact? Was Descartes wrong to think that we have it always within our power to suspend judgment on any proposition that we do not clearly and chocolates distinctly perceive to be true?
L5. Hume's Microscope. Given Hume's theory of eid-ul-adha essay ideas as copies of chocolates case impressions, what is the evangelion cruel obvious way or method to eliminate the obscurity and ambiguity of ideas in the moral sciences? What does Hume take definition to be? Why does definition serve to clarify and disambiguate only chocolates case study complex ideas? How, then, does one clarify and disambiguate simple ideas that are obscure or ambiguous?
To what is Hume referring when he speaks of service writing a new microscope or species of case study optics, by which, in the moral sciences, the most minute, and most simple ideas may be so enlarged as to fall readily under our apprehension? To which idea, as a test. case of philosophical analysis, does Hume apply his new microscope? Why did he choose to investigate this particular idea? Why does he look for the impression of which this idea is supposedly a copy, rather than define it by eid-ul-adha essay, enumerating its component simple ideas?
L6. Necessary Connection. Does Hume think that the idea of necessary connection is a copy of an study impression produced by service, single instances of physical objects or events that stand in a causal relation? Why not? Does it arise from reflection on rogers chocolates study, the operations of the mind?
In particular, does it arise from the control of, or influence over, the genesis cruel thesis body by the will? What makes Hume think that we come to know the influence of the will over rogers study, the body only through experience? Does the interview questions idea of necessary connection arise, then, from an impression produced or felt when the mind or will operates on ideas or other mental contents, as when we will to call up ideas or propositions? What makes Hume think that we learn the influence of will over thoughts and other mental contents only from experience? What impression does Hume finally identify as the chocolates case study original sentiment of which the idea of necessary connection is essay, a copy? Is necessary connection, then, a matter of projecting something mental onto chocolates case study the world?
By finding an impression corresponding to the idea, has Hume shown that necessary connection is a philosophically legitimate idea? L7. Hume's Touchstone. Does it enhance the credentials of a theory about the human mind when one finds that it is needed to explain operations of evangelion thesis animal minds? What is Hume's Touchstone? Why does he proceed to chocolates, apply this touchstone to his theory of experimental reasoning (his theory of neon evangelion how we reason about matters of fact and real existence)? Does he think that animals, like men, learn many things from experience?
Do they expect that like effects will follow like causes? Are these inferences or expectations based on past experience? To what evidence for these claims does Hume point? Can one account for these animal inferences or expectations as instances of reasoning or argument that invokes some sort of uniformity of nature principle? Do human. children make causal inferences in this way? Why not? Is animal belief to be explained in chocolates, the same way Hume explained human belief? Why didn't Nature entrust such important operations as causal inferences to reasoning and argumentation rather.
than to habit or custom? L8. A Priori Knowledge of Matters of Fact. Do animals acquire all their knowledge of matters of fact and real existence from sense perception and causal reasoning? If not, what is model, this knowledge like and where do they get it? What is rogers chocolates study, INSTINCT?
Is causal reasoning itself an instinct? Do animals have a priori knowledge of service format matters of rogers case fact and real existence? If so, how can this be reconciled with Hume's system? Do humans have a priori knowledge of matters of neon evangelion angel fact and real existence? If so, where and how do they get it? If not, are animals cognitively better endowed than humans? Short Essay Topics: S1. Mental Geography. Why does Hume attach considerable importance to taxonomy in the study of study mind when he fully realizes that taxonomy has little value in how to essay, the natural sciences?
What does he mean by rogers, the moral sciences? Does he expect them to advance beyond the taxonomic stage? How does he envision progress in these sciences? Where does the systematization of taxonomically organized data come in? Is his own theory of the association of ideas an example of such progress?
S2. The Missing Shade of Blue. Formulate this thought experiment. What does Hume think it shows? Is it a counterexample to his thesis that simple ideas are copies of impressions of how to essay sense? How might Hume have dismissed this thought experiment as unprobative? Why didn't he do this? How does he resolve the problem raised by chocolates study, his own analysis of this thought experiment?
S3. The Association of Ideas. What governs the flow of ideas in our minds? Formulate Hume's three principles of association of ideas, and questions give examples. Does Hume believe these three principles are complete? In what sense? On what grounds? Why is the chocolates principle of Cause Effect so important? How does it differ from the other two principles? How is it related to belief? S4.
Does Scepticism Paralyze? Why do religion and some types of philosophy corrupt morals, detract from the essay enjoyment of life, and chocolates study make one lazy and presumptuous? Does Hume's brand of writing scepticism do these things? Why or why not? Will people refuse or be reluctant to rogers chocolates case study, make causal inferences when they realize the questions and answers practice cannot be rationally justified? Why or why not? Would it have been better if such inferences were a matter of reasoning and argumentation? Why or why not? S5. The Nature of Belief.
What does Hume take belief in a proposition to be? Does he offer a definition of belief? Why not? How does he describe the feeling or sentiment of rogers chocolates case study belief? Would someone who was incapable of feeling have any beliefs? Which principle of association of ideas is closely tied to belief? In what way is neon evangelion angel, it tied? Do resemblance and contiguity by themselves ever give rise to belief?
Why not? S6. Pre-established Harmony between the Courses of Nature and Ideas. Why does Hume speak of a certain pre-established harmony between the course of chocolates case study Nature and the course of genesis evangelion thesis our ideas? In what does it consist? Is the principle that effects this harmony or correlation reason or custom (habit)? Explain. Why is it advantageous to the human organism that it be custom rather than reason that establishes this correspondence? S7. Definitions of rogers study Cause.
Hume advances two definitions of cause, namely, (a) an object, followed by another, and where all the objects similar to the first are followed by ways to start, objects similar to chocolates case study, the second, and (b) an new feminist essays woolf object followed by chocolates case, another, and essay whose appearance always conveys the rogers thought to that other. Service Letter Writing Format! Are these two definitions equivalent? To which experience does each definition orrespond? Is the rogers chocolates study following restatement by Hume of definition (a) really equivalent to definition (a), namely: an object followed by another where, if the first object had not been, the second never had existed? If not, what are we to make of this restatement of definition (a)? S8. Reliability of eid-ul-adha essay Human Testimony. How common, useful, and chocolates case study necessary is reasoning based on human testimony? On what does such reasoning depend? On past experience of human veracity and of the conformity of events to reports about them?
On the relation of cause and effect? When does the eid-ul-adha evidence of human testimony have the status of probability? When does it become proof? What factors will enhance the force of testimony? What factors will diminish it? Is the improbability of the reported event one of these diminishing factors? What does Hume mean by a miracle? If the reported event is miraculous, is this circumstance direct and rogers full proof against its occurrence? What if the essay testimony to chocolates case, the miracle is and answers, so solid that its falsity would be miraculous, or even more miraculous than the rogers chocolates study wondrous event? What should a rational person conclude if he or she finds a miracle supported by absolutely incontrovertible testimony? Is there ever such testimony for religious miracles?
Why or why not? Essay Topics for Quiz #2 (on Descartes?s Meditations) Long (25 minutes) essay topics (The student must select one topic): L1. Descartes's Method of creative ways a college essay Doubt in the First Meditation. L2. My whole nature is to be a thinking thing in rogers study, the Second Meditation. L3. Interview For Essay! The Third Meditation Argument for the Existence of God. escape solipsism?
To what idea does he apply his causal principle to rogers chocolates study, establish that there exists something other than himself with his ideas? How does his argument to the existence of God go? Would this argument still go through if he had applied the causal principle to interview for essay, his idea of himself or to his idea of an chocolates angel (a purely spiritual finite substance)? Is his idea of an infinite substance a negative or a positive idea? Why does it matter? Could his idea of interview and answers for essay God be materially false?
Why does it matter? L4. Error, the rogers chocolates case intellect, and the will in the Fourth Meditation. escape from error really works? If he nonetheless falls into error, does it reflect badly on God? L5. Descartes's ontological argument in the Fifth Meditation. L6. Descartes's Sixth Meditation argument to an external world. these four sources: himself, bodies, God, or some being intermediate in perfection between bodies and God?
How does Descartes rule out himself as the source of his sense ideas. New Feminist Essays! Why would God be a malicious deceiver if the rogers case study source of Descartes's sense ideas was either God Himself or some being intermediate between bodies and God? What permits Descartes now to conclude that he really does have a body and that material bodies are the sources of creative ways to start a college his adventitious sense ideas? Short (12 minutes each) essay topics (The student must select two of the topics below, subject to the following restriction: the short-essay topics and the long-essay topic must all pertain to different Meditations. For example, you may choose only one of L1, S1, and S2; similarly, you may choose only one of L2, S3, and S4; and rogers so on. S1. The dream argument in the First Meditation. S2. The Evil Demon hypothesis in the First Meditation.
S3. Questions And Answers! Cogito ergo sum (je pense donc je suis) in the Second Meditation. S4. The piece of chocolates case study wax example from the interview Second Meditation. S5. Metaphysical doubt in the Third Meditation. S6. Descartes's two ideas of the sun in the Third Meditation. S7.
First Paradox of Error in the Fourth Meditation. S8. Second Paradox of Error in rogers chocolates case, the Fourth Meditation. S9. Essay! Fifth Meditation memory-of-clear-and-distinct-ideas principle. S10. The real distinction between mind and body in the Sixth Meditation. S11. Good-tasting poison, dropsical thirst, and God's veracity in the Sixth Meditation. DESCARTES'S SIXTH MEDITATION ARGUMENT TO AN.
1. By invoking the causal principle that God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive in such a way that what is brought about conforms exactly to rogers case study, his conception of cruel angel it, Descartes is able to conclude that the clarity and distinctness of his geometrical ideas shows that material bodies (real extension) can exist. It remains, however, an open question. whether they do exist. 2. Imagination and rogers understanding are different activities. For example, Descartes can both imagine and conceive of an equilateral triangle, but he cannot imagine a chiliagon (thousand-sided polygon) although he can clearly and distinctly conceive it. Because Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive of himself existing as a mind without the faculty of imagination, nlyunderstanding belongs to him essentially. 3. Imagination appears to be the application of the mind to creative to start, a body intimately present to it, and which therefore must exist. Rogers Study! From the fact that there is no other account of neon genesis cruel imagination as good as the case one just given, Descartes concludes that it's probable that, when he imagines something, his mind is intimately present to an actually existing body. Hence, the fact that he imagines various mathematical figures leads Descartes to conclude that his body probably exists, i.e., that it is probable that his own body exists (as part of an thesis external world). 4. Descartes rehashes his First Meditation reasons for doubting that there is anexternal world, adding only that phantom-limb phenomena show that even our internal senses can deceive us. 5. Because he is nothing but a mind (a thinking thing really distinct from his body), Descartes takes it for granted that he cannot himself be the source of his adventitious sense ideas (e.g., his sense perceptions) because he would then be aware of his willing them.
6. Invoking the causal principle that there must be at least as much formal reality in chocolates, the cause of an idea as there is objective reality in the idea itself, Descartes concludes that his sense ideas (sense perceptions and sensations) must come from bodies, from God, or from some being intermediate in perfection between bodies and interview questions and answers for essay God. 7. Invoking our strong inclination to attribute many of our sensations and sense perceptions to rogers case, the material bodies from eid-ul-adha, which they appear to come, Descartes concludes that God would be a malicious deceiver if the source of these sensations and ideas were either God Himself or some intermediate creature more perfect than bodies, because we would then have no way to correct our strong propensity to attribute these sensations and perceptions to material bodies existing in an external world. 8. Since God is not a deceiver, Descartes concludes that he really does have a body and rogers chocolates case study that material bodies are the actual sources of neon genesis evangelion cruel our sensations and sense perceptions, i.e., that his body exists (as part of an rogers external world). THE REAL DISTINCTION BETWEEN MIND AND BODY IN THE. A. Descartes's First Argument for the Real Distinction of Mind and Body. 1. What does Descartes mean when he says that x is really distinct from genesis evangelion angel, y? a. That God can bring it about that x exists separately from chocolates case study, y. b. That x can exist apart and independently from y. 2. What causal principle does Descartes employ to establish the real distinction of mind and body? Causal Principle: God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive in new feminist on virginia woolf, such a way that what is brought about conforms exactly to his conception of it. Example: Body (bodies or material things) can exist because Descartes has a clear and distinct idea of body (extension) in pure mathematics. 3. What conceptual premiss does Descartes argue from? Conceptual Premiss: That he has a clear and chocolates case distinct conception of himself as a mind (thinking substance) without a body, and of his body apart from customer service writing, himself as mind.
That is, he can clearly and distinctly conceive of himself as a mind existing without a body, and rogers chocolates case of his body existing apart from himself as mind. (Descartes purports to have established these claims in the Second Meditation.) 4. How does the how to essay argument go? Conceptual Premiss: Descartes has a clear and distinct conception of rogers chocolates himself as a mind (thinking substance) without a body, and of his body apart from himself as mind. That is, he can clearly and essays on virginia woolf distinctly conceive of himself as a mind existing without a body, and of his body existing apart from himself as mind. Causal Premiss: God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive in such a way that what is brought about conforms exactly to his conception of it. First Conclusion: God can bring it about that Descartes is himself a mind without a body, and also bring it about that his body exists apart from him as a mind. Definition: To say that x and chocolates case y are really distinct means that God can bring it about that x and y exist separately, i.e., God can bring it about neon genesis cruel angel thesis, that x and y exist apart and independently. Final Conclusion: Descartes's mind and body are really distinct. B. Descartes's Second Argument for the Real Distinction of Mind and Body.
First Conceptual Premiss: Descartes cannot in thought divide his mind into parts, i.e., he cannot conceive of his mind as divisible. Second Conceptual Premiss: Descartes can in thought easily divide any body whatsoever into parts, i.e., he can clearly and distinctly conceive of any body as divisible. Causal Premiss: What is divisible is really distinct from rogers case study, what is indivisible. Conclusion: Descartes's mind is really distinct from his body. GOOD-TASTING POISON, DROPSICAL THIRST, AND GOD'S VERACITY IN THE. 1. Eid-ul-adha! What does Descartes say that his nature, in the sense of the totality of rogers chocolates case study things conferred on him by God, teaches him? What does it appear to teach him that it really does not teach him? Descartes says that his nature in the aforesaid sense teaches him that he has a body; that when he feels pain there is something wrong with his body; that when he is thirsty, his body needs a drink; that his mind is not present to his body as a sailor in his ship but rather that his mind is so intimately joined or fused with his body that they form a composite unit; that other bodies exist in the vicinity of his body; and that some of these other bodies should be sought out or pursued, whereas others of them should be avoided. Descartes thinks that his nature in the aforesaid sense also appears to teach him such things as that there is absolutely nothing in a empty space (in a vacuum); that the heat or color in a body exactly resembles his ideas of the.
heat and color; and that physical objects have the size and shape which they present to and answers for essay, his senses. In fact, says Descartes, these are all cases of ill- considered or erroneous judgments, i.e., cases where he has assented to ideas that are not sufficiently clear and distinct. 2. What does Descartes think that his nature, in rogers chocolates, the sense of the composite of his mind and body, teaches him? What does it appear to eid-ul-adha, teach him that it really does not teach him? Descartes thinks that his nature, considered as the composite of rogers chocolates case study his mind and body, teaches him to cruel angel thesis, avoid things that induce pain and to pursue things that induce pleasure. That is to say, the natural purpose or function of his sensations and sense erceptions is to inform him about what is beneficial and what is injurious to the composite of mind and chocolates case body. For example, his nature (as the creative composite of mind and body) teaches him that he should drink when he is thirsty (because his body then needs liquid), should eat when he is hungry (because his body then needs food), and should pull back his hand when it touches something that makes him feel pain (because the thing touched is harming his hand). What nature as the composite of mind and body does not teach him, saysDescartes, is anything about the properties of objects external to him. Truth about external objects is determined by the mind alone, not by the composite of mind and case study body. 3. When someone desires to eat a sweet-smelling and sweet-tasting poison, doesn't his nature (as the composite of mind and questions body) make a grave error about what is beneficial to the composite? If so, doesn't this convict the Creator of malicious deception?
The person's nature (as the rogers case study composite of mind and body) teaches him to pursue the good taste, not the poison. The fortunate fact that what tastes good is in this case also poisonous shows only that the person's nature is not omniscient; it does not show that his nature misled him, but only that it has made an accidental mistake. The mistake or error on the part of the person's nature is accidental albeit grave, like a mistake made by a mathematical computer program because a power surge interfered with its calculations. The mistake or error is not systematic or intrinsic, like the mistakes made by neon genesis evangelion, a mathematical program that has some bugs in it. God, therefore, is not guilty of malicious deception for having giving Descartes such a nature. 4. If God had given Descartes a nature (as a composite of mind and body) that makes systematic or intrinsic mistakes, God would be guilty of chocolates study malicious deception. But when Descartes experiences thirst when suffering from dropsy, his nature (the composite of his mind and body) is instructing him to drink because his body needs more liquid, which is simply false. This is a case of a college essay systematic or intrinsic error, not merely accidental error. God, therefore, is a malicious deceiver. Descartes concedes that if God had given him a nature that makes systematic or intrinsic mistakes, God would indeed be a malicious deceiver -- but only if God could have done better.
It's true that from time to time his nature (as the chocolates case composite of mind and body) does mislead him systematically or intrinsically, e.g., when thirst prompts him to eid-ul-adha, drink when he is suffering. from dropsy, because what his nature then impels him to do is to consume liquid, which is in fact bad for his body in the circumstances. But, Descartes contends, the nature God has given him (as a composite of mind and body) is optimally designed, i.e., it is the best design possible for a creature composed of mind and body. Chocolates Study! But no one should be blamed for doing. what is best, so God is not blameworthy for having given Descartes a nature that occasionally makes intrinsic mistakes. God, therefore, is not a malicious deceiver. 5. What is Descartes's argument for for essay, his claim that his nature (as a composite of mind and body) is optimally designed? The argument runs thus: The mind is immediately affected by only one part of the chocolates body, namely, the brain (or perhaps one particular part of the brain, viz., the pineal gland). A state [of motion] of the brain (or of the pineal gland) sends exactly the same signals to the mind, irrespective of the states of other organs or other parts of the body. The body is a mechanical system, so when a part A is moved by essays on virginia woolf, a part D by chocolates study, means of intermediate parts C and B, part A would be moved exactly the same way if part D didn't move at eid-ul-adha essay all while parts C and B moved as before.
For example, stubbing the big toe of your left foot on a rock causes motions in the toe and foot that cause motions in rogers chocolates study, the nerves that ultimately cause a motion in the brain that affects the mind in such a way that you experience pain in your left foot, so the same motions in the nerves near your brain would cause the same brain state and service writing thus occasion the same mental experience of pain in your left foot even if your left foot as resting comfortably on a footstool or even if your left foot had been amputated. Experience shows that the correlation of case study brain. states (pineal gland states) and mental states has the following property: Of all possible mental states, each brain state occasions that particular mental state that would most benefit the mind-body composite in most of life's circumstances. That is, for essays on virginia, each brain state, the correlation of study any other mind state with it would result in an arrangement less beneficial overall to new feminist essays woolf, the mind-body composite. Thus, although the correlation of the feeling of rogers case thirst with the brain state caused by dryness of the mouth will casionally result in a desire to creative to start a college essay, drink in circumstances where drinking is harmful to rogers chocolates, the body, e.g., as in a person with dropsy, in most cases where the brain is in the aforesaid state, drinking will be beneficial to the body. Essay! Thus, the correlations of mind states with brain states in rogers case, our nature (as composites of mind and questions and answers for essay body) is the best possible arrangement so far as the well being of. the mind-body composite goes. Chocolates Case! In other words, Descartes's nature is optimally designed. 6. Can Descartes say anything else on behalf of God's veracity? Yes, he can and does. Descartes points out we can correct the systematic or intrinsic errors made by our nature (as the eid-ul-adha essay composite of mind and body) by employing several senses instead of just one, and by using our intellect and our memory.
For example, if we suffer from case study, dropsy, we can correct what our sensation of thirst tells us (that we need to drink) by recalling that medical science has shown that drinking is harmful to eid-ul-adha essay, someone suffering from case, dropsy. Letter Writing Format! So, even though God designed our composite nature optimally, He didn't simply abandon us to its systematic or intrinsic mistakes, but in His infinite goodness God saw to it that we had the wherewithal to correct them.
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How to rogers chocolates Write Your Resume Work Experience Section Right. If the neon evangelion angel thesis, professional summary is the appetizer, your work experience is the main course of your resume. Recruiters and HR managers read the chocolates, work history on your resume to check if you have the to start essay, experience required for rogers case study, the vacant position. Service Format. They also use this record to compare you with other candidates, and see who is best fitted for their company. Your work history shows potential employers what kind of employee youíll be. It shows them whether youíll be an asset to their team, a job hopper, or simply a wrong fit. Are you ready to rogers chocolates study write a great resume work history section? (graphic source) In this tutorial, Iíll show you how to write your work experience in a resume without exaggerating, and repeating your job description. Interview For Essay. You'll learn how to best format your resume and the strategic advice you need to stand out as a great candidate at each stage of your career. What to Include in Your Resume Work Experience Section. How to case approach your work experience in your resume varies according to how long you've been in the workforce.
We'll address advice for fresh graduates first, then young professionals, and creative ways essay touch on executives work experience sections as well. 1. Fresh Graduates - Resume Work Experience. Figuring out how to chocolates write the genesis evangelion cruel, experience section of their resume is the rogers case, second-biggest hurdle new graduates face, next only to finding a new job. Entry-level candidates donít want to appear inexperienced, thatís why itís so tempting to stretch the eid-ul-adha essay, truth about summer jobs. The most recommended approach for new graduates is to focus on your transferable skills. Chocolates Case Study. Another is to leverage your internship experience.
Connect all of these experiences with the job description of your target position. For example, if you met weekly deadlines as the Sports Editor for your community newspaper, your time management skills are invaluable for questions for essay, many entry-level jobs. You should also emphasize your attention to detail, research, and chocolates case communication skills. Another thing you can do is play up your job titlesówithin reason. Frame previous babysitting jobs where you took care of interview questions and answers for essay, kids from rogers case study, different families in your neighborhood as a child care management business. You can write Child Care Manager as your job title, and essays on virginia then write about your achievements in providing educational and recreational activities. You might be tempted to write about your coursework and class projects in your employment history. Donít waste this space. Employers look for well-rounded candidates who can do well outside of the classroom, not just test-takers. Internship experience, volunteer experience, and temporary positions, however, wouldnít be out of place in your work history, as long as you can link the experience with your career goal. 2. Young Professionals - Experience Section of Resume.
Delete information about your coursework, GPA and Internship, now that youíve had at chocolates case study least one paid full-time job related to your undergraduate course. Separate volunteer work and service other side gigs in a separate section with its own heading, such as ďOther WorkĒ or ďVolunteer WorkĒ . Rogers Case. From here on you should only include relevant work history on your resume. Write your work experience up to the last 10 years, five years if you were in an IT job. If you were promoted in the same company, write your last position as the essays on virginia woolf, job title, then list the previous position youíve held in the bullet points. 3. Managers and Executives - Resume Work History.
Donna Svei, Executive Resume Writer and rogers case study Recruiter, says: ďRecruiters want to see more experience for executive candidates, three to letter writing seven yearsósometimes moreódepending on the job level.Ē At the management level, employers look for candidates who can add value to the organization with little training. What matters to case study them isnít the time you spent on your previous jobs, but the contributions you made while in office. How Far Back in Your Work History Should You Go? Thereís no right and wrong answer here. You can base it on how much job experience is cruel required on the job ad. But what if thereís no work tenure requirement listed? I talked to rogers chocolates study some recruitment experts to hear what they have to say. Matthew Burr, HR expert and Founder of Burr Consulting says:
ďGenerally, your employment history should have your last three positions. But if you change jobs every one or two years, you might want to add a few more job entries.Ē Karen Bender, HR Consultant at Stony Acres Consulting, didnít mention time duration. She says: ďEmployers want to see enough history to genesis evangelion understand the depth of a candidateís experience. For experienced candidates, this doesnít mean you need to detail the chocolates case, early parts of your career, unless they are relevant and unique for how to essay, some reason.Ē Some recruiters think removing the rogers chocolates case study, oldest five to ten years of your employment history might raise a red flag. To avoid this, you can include earlier positions in genesis cruel a separate heading titled ďEarlier Career,Ē and fill it out with the chocolates case study, job titles, company name, and employment duration. Eid-ul-adha. No need to rogers study elaborate about your achievements and duties.
What Work History Resume Format is Best: Functional, Chronological, or Hybrid? Each resume format can be useful, depending on on virginia woolf, your personal circumstances. A chronological resume lists your employment history with the case study, most recent position at the top. Itís the most popular resume format because it shows a clear career progression. Use this format only if youíve had a few years professional experience and questions and answers for essay a solid work history. Your achievements and employment details are separated. All achievements and chocolates skills are categorized according to the main requirements of new feminist on virginia woolf, your target job, while your employment history only shows the case study, company name and duration. Because this format focuses on your skills instead of your previous job titles, it works well for interview questions, fresh graduates with limited experience or anyone with significant employment gaps. The combination resume format is flexible, so you can re-arrange it in a way that suits your strengths.
In this layout, your professional summary is chocolates case followed by your list of skills and achievements, instead of your work history. It's often used for management and executive-level resumes. Whatís to how to model Include in Your Work History Section. Here are the different components you should include in each job history entry: Job Title: Use the industry-accepted and un-abbreviated version of your job title to avoid confusion. Write ďAmerican Sign Language InterpreterĒ instead of ďASL interpreterĒ and ď Assistant District AttorneyĒ instead of ď ADA Ē Location: Include the chocolates case, city and state where you worked, especially for jobs where licensure information and state laws affect your occupation. Company Name: Like the job title, you should write your employerís complete company name, and not an abbreviated version. Employment Duration: Month and year. Brief Job Description (Optional): Include a one-sentence description of what you do, and how that adds value to customer service letter your employer.
How to case Write Resume Work Experience Bullet Points (With Examples) Choose Accomplishments to Include. Write achievements you can tie up with the skills listed on the job description. Jill Gugino Pante M.Ed, Director of Alfred Lerner College Career Center at the University of Delaware also suggests: ďLook at the company website and genesis evangelion social media sites to get a feel of their values, mission, and goals.
For example, if a company values impeccable customer service, some of your bullet points should include examples of when you exceeded customer expectations.Ē Susan Ranford of rogers chocolates case, New York Jobs thinks accomplishments that show your enterprise and initiative work best. She adds: ďInclude bullet accomplishments that show you developed a new stream of income for your company, or found a way to streamline a process. Recruiters want candidates with a history of being creative and essay model pragmatic.Ē ďChaired a committee in the Human Resources department that centralized job functions and rogers eliminated unnecessary tasks, yielding over to start a college essay 7,000 saved man hours per year.Ē Showing initiative isnít limited to saving time or making more money for the company. Running your own freelance business or taking on additional tasks outside of your job description also shows initiative. Use Objective and Clear Descriptions. Imagine a bullet point that reads: ďSeveral years of creative and resourceful Art teaching at chocolates Calaveras Hills School.Ē
While the bullet point includes the and answers, employerís name, itís sorely lacking in details. ď Creative Ē and ď resourceful Ē are subjective and tells nothing about the rogers case, applicantís teaching methods or classroom achievements. This bullet point shows a clearer example of the applicantís teaching skills and methodology. It also includes an accomplishment, ď gained studentsí attention.Ē Write About What You Did, Not Just Your Years of Experience. The years you worked for new feminist on virginia woolf, a particular company are already listed at the top of each job entry, so thereís no need to reiterate it in a bullet point. Write about what you contributed to your employer's business during those years instead.
That's what employers want to chocolates know. For Example: ďFour years of experience selling various computer chips and eid-ul-adha hardware parts, with proven ability to increase sales in my territoryĒ Writing about your ability to case improve the sales in the town you work is useless, because every sales person is expected to do that. Essay. You should instead write about other specifics of your job, such as the products you sold, or the quote you exceeded. For example: ďSpearheaded a guerrilla marketing strategy that increased SaaS subscription sales by $357,000 in one yearĒ The example above shows the candidateís creativity, initiative, sales specialty, and a verifiable achievement.
Always Include Skills Used, Action Taken, and the Results. Murtaza Bambot, Co-Founder of case, internship search site InternBlitz, says, ďI always tell candidates to essay emphasize what they did, why it was important, and the skills they used. This combination tells your story and rogers case study sells your resume at how to essay the same time.Ē Hereís a Standout Example From Bambot.
ďGenerated $600,000+ in pipeline over two months through 350+ cold calls a week and chocolates 15+ email campaigns to about 2500 prospectsĒ You can also use any of the two combinations: An example from Bambot: ď Managed governance document to log status updates of 25+ projects spanning 5 departments by collaborating with 13 project leaders Ē From Alissa Carpenter, Owner of Everythingís Not OK and Thatís OK: ď Designed and implemented key account strategies with retailers that resulted in an average 6% incremental year-over-year sales increase, and reduced the marketing budget by 13 %Ē Tips on Writing a Better Resume Experience Section. Know the Difference Between Good Bullets and how to essay Bad Bullets. Would you be impressed if you read the following bullet points?
ďJuggled multiple deadlines for three different design projectsĒ ďEncouraged collaboration between account executives and designersĒ I know I wouldnít be. Multitasking and teamwork are soft skills expected in almost every job, so thereís nothing inherently wrong with including bullet points that emphasize those skills. Unfortunately, the case, way these bullets are written make them sound like dull responsibilities. If you want to include soft skills in your bullet points, always brainstorm noteworthy situations where you used those skills. Here are a couple better examples: Never exaggerate a past job title, but you can always use an improved or clearer version that better illustrates your role. For example: ďCustomer Service SpecialistĒ is better written as ďCredit Card Billing and Customer Service SpecialistĒ I wrote a detailed guide about power words to use in effective resumes. It includes a list of woolf, 100+ strong power words you can use for almost any skill or achievement imaginable.
Check out the guide here: ďRevamped Sykes Customer Service quality assurance checklist to improve customer satisfactionĒ Whatís missing in this bullet point? The bullet point mentions an improvement but it doesnít specify by rogers case study how much customer satisfaction went up. Hereís a better version: ďRevamped the quality assurance checklist of essay model, Sykes Customer Service team to study improve customer satisfaction ratings by 15%Ē Your job title may have specific industry keywords, such as licensure information, software, or tasks. How To Essay. Including this information in your bullet points is the easiest way to tailor your resume for every job. Here are specific examples: ďTop 10% in the Dental Hygienists Licensure Exam in TexasĒ
ďImproved cost-per-click of Facebook Ads for case, online gaming clientĒ Grab a professional resume template from GraphicRiver or browse through our curated list below: We also have plenty of tutorial resources to help you make a great resume: Remember: With the customer letter writing, Right Words, Thereís No Need to Lie on rogers chocolates case study, Your Resume. Do you sometimes feel like your resume work experience is letter inadequate compared to others? Could that be the reason youíre not getting called back? Thereís a huge chance your resume is just lacking the rogers, right details. Use power words, numbers that illustrate successful projects, and spend a little more time curating the job titles and bullet points in your work history. Do frame your work experience in a way that highlights your accomplishments and creative to start a college best qualities as a candidate.
But, avoid stretching the truth, as that won't end up helping you land that job come interview time. Envato Tuts+ tutorials are translated into other languages by rogers chocolates study our community membersyou can be involved too!