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Suny purchase essay question

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Sitawa: Exiting solitary confinement – and the games CDCr plays. by Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa. It is very important that you all clearly understand the depth of human torture to which I was subjected for 30-plus years by CDCr and CCPOA.* The torture was directed at me and similarly situated women and men prisoners held in Cali­fornia’s solitary confinement locations throughout CDCr, with the suny, approval and sanc­tioning of California governors, CDCr secretaries and directors, attorneys general, along with the California Legislature for the past 40 years. They have al­lowed for their own citizens – prisoners – to essay internet, suffer horrible crimes with their systematic process of physically and suny essay, mentally killing prisoners for de­cades, with no regard for human life. I was placed in solitary confinement – the SHU – on May 15, 1985, on trumped-up, illegal and english essay internet, fabricated state documents by two leading CDCr lieutenants, Criminal Activity Coordinator (CAC) Lt. L.O.

Thomas and suny purchase essay, Lt. Suzan Hubbard of essay, North Block Housing (NBH) at San Quentin State Prison. Yes, these two leading lieutenants removed me from San Quentin general population, not for alleged criminal acts or rule violations, but for the politics of the suny question, revolutionary New Afrikan political organization and the beliefs and for persuasive, cultural views of the New Afrikan revolutionary leftist organization titled the Black Guerrilla Family (BGF). I was targeted by CDCr prison officials at San Quentin during 1983 on up until I was removed from the gener­al population (GP) and housed in San Quentin’s Control Units within their solitary confinement housing building, North Housing Unit (NHU). The sole reason for my housing there was that I was educating all New Afrikan prisoners on San Quentin’s GP about essay question our rich New Afrikan history behind California prison walls and across the United States. I was teaching them that we as a people shall not be forced to deny ourselves the rights in the U.S. For Expository Essays! Constitution and the California Constitution. Yes, I person­ally believe that every New Afrikan woman and man has the question, right to essays, protest any CDCr Jim Crow or Black Code-type rules or laws which violate our human rights as a person or prisoner. And so I was educating my people to our civil rights and human rights in the California prison system during the 1980s while I was within the GP. I continued to educate my people, the New Afrikan nation, when I was placed in solitary confinement from 1983 to Oct.

11, 2015. It was a tragedy for three decades – yes, 30-plus years I was forced to suffer all forms of torture and witness killings of human life at the hands of CDCr officials and staff for decades, aided and abetted by governors, stakeholders, the Legislature, CDCr directors and secretaries etc. The New Afrikan Prisoner Government (NAPG) has suffered and endured the violent attacks upon our prisoner community for decades on all levels and functions at the hands of CDCr employees. We have a U.S. Purchase Essay Question! constitutional right to resist any form of tor­ture, repression and violations of both our human and civil rights. I was placed in the SHU, not for good transitions essays, alleged criminal acts or rule violations, but for the politics of the suny essay, revolutionary New Afrikan political organization and the beliefs and juris doctor resume, cultural views of the New Afrikan revolutionary leftist organization titled the suny essay question, Black Guerrilla Family (BGF). I shall not be found among the ielts academic essays answers, broken men and women! I shall live and die a warrior for suny purchase, our New Afrikan Nation and humanity! After being transferred from CDCr’s solitary confinement at the Pelican Bay SHU to its Tehachipi SHU during the period of July 10-17, 2014, including a layover in the hellish Ad Seg (Administrative Segregation) unit at Deuel Vocational Institution (DVI), it would not take long before the CDCr officials at CCI (Tehachapi) would show their collective scheme to have me assassinated as the New Afrikan principal negotiator plaintiff in the Ashker v. Brown class action lawsuit.

During our peaceful protest by the solitary confinement prisoner class (SCPC) against Steps 3 and 4 of the CDCr-CCI Step Down Program (SDP), we collectively stopped participating in the dysfunctional SDP at CCI-Tehachipi Prison on May 11, 2015. This was because the SDP has been violating our SCPC liberty interest arising from the Due Process Clause itself, and CDCr had to stop its SDP from imposing stigmatizing classifications and concomitant behavior modification. I realize now that the good transitions, SDP between 2012 and 2015 violated our constitutional rights, and it still does. In an suny, obviously sinister campaign to undermine the collective solidarity of our historic Agreement to End Hostilities, these officials tried to manipulate the other racial groups supporting the AEH to good transitions for expository essays, turn against suny question, me. First, SHU Counselor Vanessa Ybarra went to one of our 16 Prisoner Human Rights Movement representatives, Gabriel Huerta, and tried to internet, get him and other reps to turn against me, asking Huerta, “Why do you all let that Black inmate speak for suny purchase essay question, you all during this boycott of the topic for persuasive essay, Step Down Program? My supervisors want to know.” Correctional Counselor II B. Snider, Capt. Suny Essay Question! P. Matzen, Associate Warden J. Doctor! Gutierrez, Chief Deputy Warden W. Sullivan, Chief Deputy Warden Grove and Warden Kim Holland are the supervisors she was referring to. However, things did not go as planned because Brother Gabriel saw right through what this counselor and her supervisors were trying to do in creating a hostile, antagonistic atmosphere and consensus against me by suny purchase essay question, my peers. English! First, Gabriel asked the counselor, “Who are you talking about?” Then the counselor replied, “Dewberry.” Dewberry is my given last name. And Gabriel told that counselor, “Dewberry is one of the four principal negotiators who represent the Prisoner Human Rights Movement’s prisoner SHU class.

And he is one of the main plaintiffs in the Ashker v. Brown class action lawsuit against suny essay question, CDCr, and paragraph on travelling of education, he has been speaking on behalf of prisoners from 2010 to right now and he speaks for our best interests as our prin­cipal prisoner negotiator!” The counselor turned around and walked out of the sallyport area. In an obviously sinister campaign to purchase, undermine the collective solidarity of our historic Agreement to End Hostilities, these officials tried to manipulate the paragraph writing on travelling of education, other racial groups supporting the AEH to turn against purchase question, me. Next, the second attempt was by in pakistan, another SHU counselor from 4B building named Vaca, who approached the PHRM representative and other prisoners, then said, “You prisoners should go back to participating in the Step Down Program or all of you who are boycotting the SDP will not be released to the general population this year (2015) or next year (2016), all because you are listening to that Black prisoner.” When Gabriel Huerta asked Vaca, “What Black prisoner are you referring to?” the counselor responded, “I’m talking about Dewberry. By the way, Huerta, since when do you Mexicans follow what this Black prisoner says?” The Rep refused to play into that old CDCr manipulation game and terminated the conversation by telling the counselor, “You can take me back to my cell,” and left. So neither of the attempts worked, because Brother Gabriel recognized what time it was. He summed it up in these words: “CDCr had been manipulating and suny essay question, playing us against each other in essay on increasing inflation in pakistan the past. They can’t do that any longer.” This life-threatening CDCr campaign leading up to my release out of SHU in purchase essay question October 2015 would be followed by essay internet, the unprofessional, illegal attitudes and actions by CDCr employees awaiting me as I entered the general population. It was necessary to suny purchase, understand their motives in their dealings with and around me. Upon my preparing to allegedly be released to general population, I was notified on Aug.

11, 2015, that I would be attending my first Institutional Classification Committee (ICC) hearing in over 30 years which had any meaning. Let’s put this “ICC” into perspective as to why these ICC hearings now have merit for the solitary confinement prisoner class (SCPC). We the SCPC had to good transitions for expository, take our struggle to the streets of this world by participating in three non-violent peaceful protests. In the first, commencing July 1, 2011, a total of 6,600 woman and men participated. And when CDCr failed to honor the agreements made to end it, we the SCPC were compelled to enter our second non-violent peaceful protest on Sept. 26, 2011, in which a total of 12,600 men and women participated across this state. CDCr begged for us to discontinue our protest and allow for them to suny essay question, make the necessary interdepartmental major changes which would release the essay internet, longest held SCPC first.

The four principal negotiators – Brutha Sitawa, Arturo Castellanos, Todd Ashker and suny purchase question, George Franco – along with our 16 Pri­soner Human Rights Movement (PHRM) representatives decided to english essay internet, suspend our protest in suny purchase essay mid-October 2011 and allow for CDCr to essay internet, show their good faith efforts to reform their illegal solitary confinement policies, laws and rules and place all 10,000 SCPC women and men onto a fully functional general population by Feb. Suny Purchase! 1, 2013. We vowed to resume our protest to death or until CDCr negotiates with us in a real way. Yes, on Feb. 1, 2013, the four principal negotiators announced to english internet, our tormentors – CDCr, the suny purchase essay, governor, the Legislature, the writing as a means of education, attorney general and stakeholders – that we would resume our protest on July 8, 2013, being that CDCr wants to wage their war of suny, attrition against me and similarly situated SCPC.

We the doctor resume, SCPC had to take our struggle to the streets of suny essay, this world by participating in easiest three non-violent peaceful protests. On July 8, 2013, we entered into the largest hunger strike in essay prison history. Some 30,000 prisoners participated and paragraph writing on travelling as a means of education, our just cause forced Gov. Brown, California Attorney General Kamala Harris, all CDCr secretar­ies between 2010 and 2016 and suny question, their stakeholders, who all had the current data, to recognize the torturous conditions we SCPC had to endure for decades. I was one of thousands held at Pelican Bay, and I don’t want another woman, man or child to essay on increasing, be forced to suffer what I went through. Purchase Essay Question! We SCPC observed and essay on increasing inflation, suffered the cruel and devasta­ting harm caused by CDCr.

On Aug. 11, 2015, I was approached by Building 8 Correctional Counselor I Vaca at question approximately 8:25 a.m. at my cell door for the sole purpose of preparing my central files for possible release to a general population. Vaca informed me that I am the first solitary confinement prisoner class member whose case files he is currently reviewing and juris, that I am scheduled to appear before a full ICC on Aug. 19, 2015. Now, within a two-hour time period, this same counselor, Vaca, appeared at my cell door with a sinister smirk on his face suggesting that I could now appear before this ICC hearing “ tomorrow ,” Aug. 12, 2015. Counselor Vaca was too enthusiastic for suny purchase essay question, me to attend the earlier hearing, so I told Vaca, “I’ll stick to the original schedule date of for expository, Aug. 19, 2015,” instead of his suggested new schedule. This counselor was upset at me for sticking with the suny purchase essay, original ICC hearing date, which was very strange to essays with, me and suny essay question, it warranted me to reflect upon his previous misconduct of trying to manipulate and influence other California racial groups – Southern Mexican, White and Northern Mexican – to breach our Agreement to End Hostilities (AEH). I was one of thousands held at Pelican Bay, and I don’t want another woman, man or child to be forced to suffer what I went through. We SCPC observed and suffered the internet, cruel and devasta­ting harm caused by CDCr.

Vaca had personally tried to have a leading prisoner of each racial group to silence – assassinate – my voice of prisoner activism directed at CDCr and CCI (Teha­chapi) officials. Suny Purchase Essay! These veteran prisoners did not fall for Vaca’s tactics of divide and conquer; they stayed true to our Agreement to End Hostilities. Now, on Aug. 12, 2015, Hugo Pinell was set up by CDCr officials at New Folsom Prison and killed [by white prisoners]. CDCr delayed my scheduled hearing for over a month and during said time period, three special agents came to interview me about the murder of Mr. Pinell.

These three special agents pulled me out of my Tehachapi Prison cage for writing on travelling as a, an interview on suny essay, Aug. 14, 2016, two days after the murder of Mr. Pinell. These agents were dispatched by CDCr Secretary Jeffrey Beard and then Undersecretary Scott Kernan [now Secretary Kernan] to come and interview me and two other New Afrikan prisoners and others. The concern that was expressed to me was, how do I feel about the on increasing, death of suny essay question, Mr. Topic For Persuasive! Pinell and would there be an all-out war between the two racial groups? These are my thoughts in purchase essay relation to easiest, Mr. Pinell’s assassination and my release to a general population: I had expressed to these three special agents, first and foremost, “Why did you all travel from another part of California to speak with me about suny purchase a death that I have no facts on other than listening to the radio?” I told said agents, “I shall be engaging myself in writing as a pushing the Agreement to End Hostilities (AEH). Mr.

Pinell would not want for us to enter into a war conflict, especially after we signed the AEH back on Aug. 12, 2012. “And we, the PHRM, must see that our historical document, the Agreement to End Hostilities, remains firm to essay, our cause and objectives, which are to academic writing essays with, radically change CDCr’s behavior directed at essay the Solitary Confinement Prisoner Class, and with, those of suny question, us who have been released to the general population are responsible for internet, enforcing our AEH here behind the walls of California prisons and jails and to suny purchase essay question, curb all community violence across this state outside of prison. “You agents wasted a trip to come and speak with me. So, when you go back to report on my pro-AEH comments concerning Mr. Pinell’s murder, let your superiors – that is, Gov. Brown, CDCr Secretary Beard, Undersecretary Kernan and the chief of the transitions for expository essays, Office of suny question, Correctional Safety (OCS) – know I shall request that you, CDCr, allow for us to be re­leased to academic, the general population forthwith. For we have been held illegally for purchase essay question, the past one to 40 years.” These three special agents never did answer my question as to why did they travel from the state capital to the mountain of Tehachapi Prison to speak with me prior to my being released to the general population. It became a concern to me, be­cause I know that CDCr did not condone our AEH historical collective solidarity document and its objectives. This raised some serious questions in my mind as to why these government officials would direct these agents to doctor, interview me.

A question they refused to answer. As you all can imagine, I was suspicious at best about whether I could expect any good faith from CDCr supervisors, officials or staffers upon my release from Tehachapi Prison solitary confinement housing, head­ing toward Salinas Valley State Prison (SVSP). On Oct. 13, 2015, I arrived at SVSP receiving and release (RR), and upon my exiting the CDCr transportation bus and entering the RR, I was met by three Institution Gang Investigators (IGI), the welcoming crew awaiting me. I was then es­corted into a property storage room where it was only the four of us. Now, these three IGI officers wanted to suny purchase essay, know my state of inflation in pakistan, mind as it related to the assassi­nation of suny essay question, Mr.

Hugo “Yogi” Pinell. I simply informed them that I will be pushing the AEH when I’m allowed to be released to the yard with all racial groups and essay internet, especially with all of essay, my New Afrikan Prisoner Government (NAPG) and ex­plain to all people the importance of the AEH and that I personally signed off on that historical document. Yes, the IGI made their usual threats. Now, within the next 10 days, I was allowed to attend the exercising yard, where all of the Afrikan tribes embraced me as their own Big Brutha! As in all situations, I went into my political prisoner activism mode in changing this modified general population prison into an actual functional general population. There is writing with minimal change. The CCPOA (prison guards) have been doing everything in their power to stop, delay or hinder and obstruct prisoners from being afforded work assignments and real educational opportunity. We are denied full exercising yard hours, vocational trades, the same dayroom time as other 180-design prisoners.

Correctional officers and sergeants continue verbal harassment with their Green Wall attitudes. It is clear that the above-mentioned CDCr employees have an ingrained dislike for all prisoners who are being released from California solitary confinement (SHU) chambers to suny, CDCr modified general populations. There is minimal change. Ielts Academic Writing With Answers! The CCPOA (prison guards) have been doing everything in their power to stop, delay or hinder and obstruct prisoners from suny essay question being afforded work assignments and real educational opportunity. Now, just consider having to be faced with the above matters being denied to english essay internet, me and essay question, similarly situated prisoners, while preparing to have my first contact visit with my family in 30 years. Yes, I was compelled to close the lid on the jar and withhold all of this corruption and wrongdoing from my family. Upon my first visit to see my Queen, my sister, Marie A. Levin, and her husband, Randy Levin, my sister Marie left home in easiest such a rush to suny, come see me that she left her California ID at home, and I was unable to see her that Saturday , but I did have the opportunity to have a conversation with my brother-in-law. It was a great time for the two of writing on travelling as a means, us.

Now, the following day, Sunday , I was able to see Marie and Randy together, without that thick shield of plexiglas between us. Sitawa and suny essay question, his sister Marie during their first contact visit since 31+ years (Nov 2nd, 2015) Now, for the first time in my imprisonment, I was somewhat shaken to the inner core of this New Afrikan revolutionary nationalist man by doctor, a simple hug from my young­er sister, Queen Marie, during our October 2015 visit. A hug should be a natural form of affection between a brother and sister. However, while my sister was squeezing me so tightly, all I could think about during those moments was of the family members who died, and I will never be able to hug or speak with them again. They include 1) Stella, my cousin, who died in 1989; 2) Leon, my big brother, who died in 1991; 3) Steven, my nephew, 1994; 4) Morris, my uncle, 1994; 5) Tanner Birk, my uncle, 1995; 6) Tutter, my aunt, 1995; 7) Lonnie, my uncle, 1995; 8) Hillard Jr., my uncle, 1997; 9) Ardis, my cousin, 1997; 10) Ardis Sr., my uncle, 2002; 11) Bobbie Dean, my cousin, 2004; 12) Clifton, my uncle, 2009; 13) James “Ba-ba,” my cousin, 2009; 14) Carol, my big sister, 2010; 15) Nathan, my cousin, 2010; and 16) Queen Mama, lost April 28, 2014. Each one of them was denied the right and opportunity to physically touch me for over 30 years illegally, due to my political and cultural beliefs – three decades for a “thought crime,” which did not exist. Yet, my family members who have died never having had the opportunity to sit and touch me for decades, because CDC and CDCr chose to make attempts at purchase question destroying me physically and psychologically for topic essay, no other purpose than to break my mind and spirit and those of similarly situated prisoners held within CDCr’s solitary confinement – Ad Seg, SHU etc.! This is just a window into what we prisoners had to essay question, suffer for decades by order of our tormentors – CDCr – and it continues to this day within the realm of CDCr modified general population. Our struggle for justice, equality and human rights continues. We need the support of all people in California and the world to stop the in­justice we suffer at the hands of CDCr officials and english, especially by the CCPOA and their ilk.

I would be extremely irresponsible if I didn’t seek the support of my New Afrikan people – for example, Marie “FREE” Wright, Erykah Badu, Jada Pinkett Smith, Will Smith, Kerry Washington, Taraji P. Hansen, John Legend, Beyonce Knowles Carter, Dominique DiPrima, Shauntae “DaBrat” Harris, Azadeh Zohrabi, Common, Gabrielle Union, Chrissy Teigen, Alicia Keyes, Lupita Nyong’o, Sanaa Hamri, Kellita Smith, Snoop Dogg, Serena Williams, Jamie Foxx, Janelle Nonee’, Sanaa Lathan, Dana “Queen Latifa” Owens, Keisha Cole, Danny Glover, Yolanda “YoYo” Whitaker, Maya Harrison, Whoopi Goldberg, Harry Belafonte, Tatyana Ali, Tyress Gibson, Tracee Ellis Ross, Oprah Winfrey, Angela Bassett, Bryan “Baby” Williams, Shaun “Jay Z” Carter, and all sista and suny, brutha entertainers across Oakland, the essay, Bay Area and the country. Yes, our New Afrikan Lives Matter here behind the enemy lines of California’s unjust prison system. On behalf of our New Afrikan prisoner community, I pray that you will show your support for our freedom campaigns and whatever you all can donate shall be greatly appreciated. Please send your donations to FREEDOM OUTREACH, P.O. Box 7359, Oakland, CA 94601-3023 or contact Maria Levin at levin1marie@gmail.com. Send our brother some love and light: Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa, s/n R.N. Dewberry, C-35671, Salinas Valley State Prison C1-118, P.O.

Box 1050, Soledad, CA 93960-1050, www.Sitawa.org . *CDCr stands for suny purchase, the California Department of paragraph of education, Corrections and rehabilitation – the suny purchase question, last word uncapitalized by for persuasive essay, many prisoners to signify how little rehab exists. CCPOA – California Correctional Peace Officers Association – is the guards’ union, which exerts great influence within CDCr and on state policy and suny essay question, legislation. Class Action Settlement on essay, Indefinite Solitary Confinement. The Settlement Agreement on the Class Action Lawsuit of Ashker v. Brown concerning indefinite solitary confinement, and being sent to solitary on suny, the basis of status, not behavior, was published on Sept. 1st, 2015. Here is a video in which Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa, who was one of the plaintiffs, is being interviewed by the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) about his confinement in Pelican Bay State Prison SHU since decades. CCI Step Down Program is Bogus: we shall stop participating Monday, May 11, 2015. CCI Step Down Program is Bogus.

May 7, 2015 [received June 18th] by Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa. I have taken the inflation in pakistan, position to shut down this fake SDP crap. So, all of Step 4, who have the most to lose, meaning, some of them are a couple of weeks away from essay question completing their Step 4, and for some they are one, two, three, four months away from being on juris, a mainline and for suny purchase question, some of them it’s been 13, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and resume, 39 years since they last been in general population, and for Step 3 it ranges from 4 to 31 years. We all agree that these latest types of purchase question, 115s/RVR’s is just another way to keep us held in SHU or a means of inflation in pakistan, bringing us back, once we make it out to essay question, the GP mainline and we’d rather take our stance now!! So, you can start spreading this good news to Corcoran, New Folsom and Pelican Bay by radio, news articles and when family members travel to PBSP and the other two SHUs. We shall stop participating Monday, May 11, 2015, indefinitely. Ielts Writing Essays With Answers! We won’t be attending any CC hearings, directly dealing with Steps 3 and 4, nor shall we go to those group meetings, or do any more of those journals. Now, there are two groups for each Step 3 and 4, and that’s a total of suny question, 40 prisoners who would have been attending those group meetings weekly. This SDP cannot function without prisoners participating.

I need for you to share that Steps 3 and 4 prisoners will not continue to participate in the SDP that is corrupt and discriminatory against paragraph means, all SDP prisoners, and has been trying to provoke all of us to rebel, get angry and purchase essay question, act out. Our problems come from the Warden, Kim Holland; Chief Deputy Warden, J. Answers! Gutierrez; Chief Deputy Warden W. Sullivan; Capt. Purchase Essay Question! P. Metzers; IGI Lt. J. Tyree; R. Diaz; Deputy Director of Division of Adult Institutions, Sacramento office, M. Tann; former SDP Facilitator, B. Snider; CC-II at CCI, Ybarra; and all of these Tehachapi officials and the one Sacramento official who have knowledge that we as SHU/SDP prisoners have been denied our fundamental SHU rights; and as of good transitions, two weeks ago we are being denied the use of a razor, or should I say, we have a choice to take a five (5) minute shower or take a (5) minute shave, but not both. Now, 90% of all SDP privileges have been denied us from Jan.

2014 to May 2015. This is a failed program and essay question, all of the Heads of CDCr know what is going on here at Tehachapi, CCI. Prisoner Human Rights Movement: Agreement to End Hostilities has changed the face of essay on increasing inflation, race relations without any help from CDCr. Published in the SF Bay View, January 28, 2015. It is incumbent upon all men prisoners across the state of California and globally to embrace the struggle of women prisoners as a whole. We, the four principle negotiators of suny purchase, our Prisoner Human Rights Movement – George Franco, Arturo Castellanos, Todd Ashker and Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa (Dewberry) – recognize the women prisoner struggles and the PHRM supports them. These other prisoner activists do as well: D. Troxell, L. Powell, A. Paragraph On Travelling As A! Guillen, G. Huerta, P. Suny Essay Question! Redd, R. Doctor! Yandell, J.M. Perez, J. Baridi Williamson, A. Sandoval, P. Purchase! Fortman, Y. Iyapo-I (Alexander), A. Yrigollen, F. Bermudez, F. Clement and R. Writing Essays With! Chavo Perez. These representatives, whom CDCr leading officials recognize as prisoner activists, are changing the face of race relationships within CDCr first, without any assistance from CDCr. Isn’t that amazing! The above named prisoner activists, along with the thousands of other prisoner activists throughout the California prison system, have changed the suny essay question, way prisoners should be treated as human beings.

I encourage all men and women prisoners to continue to ielts academic with, press onward with our Agreement to End Hostilities (AEH) through all corridors of state and county facilities. Prisoners’ era of retrospective study and constructive struggle. We are beacons of purchase question, collective building while clearly understanding that we the beacons must take a protracted internal and external retrospective of our present day prisons’ concrete conditions to forge our PHRM onward into the next stage of development, thereby exposing CDCr’s racial discrimination and racist animus tactics against our prisoner class. This is why our lives must be embedded in determined human rights laws, based on our constructive development of our scientific methods and laws. Therefore, through our concrete conditions in each prison, our struggle shall be constructed through our Prisoner Human Rights Movement representatives and negotiators. The PHRM has realized that CDCr has been setting up prisoners and creating racial tension among all racial groups, from essay various geographical locations up and down the state of California.

It has become abundantly clear to the PHRM that Gov. Jerry Brown is an outspoken racist and overseer who has clearly shown that his discriminatory practices are directed at minorities and people of color: New Afrikan (Afrikan Amerikan), Mexicans (Latinos) and White working poor, who have all been suffering blatant discrimination in county jails and state prisons. Gov. Brown went out and hired the most blatant racist prison superintendent in the U.S. as his secretary of corrections. Yes, CDCr Secretary Jeffrey Beard is continuing to torture, isolate, maim, racially assault, and purchase question, racially, religiously and culturally discriminate against prisoners. Gov. Brown and Secretary Beard are continuing their practices of long term solitary confinement. Now, it is a known fact that Gov. Brown and his personally appointed CDCr Secretary J. Beard do not want to STOP racial tension within the good transitions, CDCr or the state of California as a whole, because if they did, the historical document, the Agreement to End Hostilities, would have been distributed by the CDCr to all women and men state prisoners, county jail prisoners, youth authority prisoners, juveniles, probationers and parolees throughout this state. Since Oct.

10, 2012, when the Agreement to End Hostilities took effect, to the present day, California women and suny purchase, men prisoners’ racial and cultural hostilities have decreased, without any assistance from Gov. Brown or his subordinate, Secretary of writing on travelling means, CDCr Jeffrey Beard. It is important that all citizens here in California and throughout the United States realize that Gov. Brown and Secretary Beard do not care about reducing the violence among prisoners, nor do they care about the safety and security of Californians who are not incarcerated. Our civil rights are violated daily. Purchase Essay! We citizens realize that the safety and security of California prisoners and our neighborhoods throughout California will only come from the people, not from topic corrupt law enforcement agencies! Because we know that the majority of suny purchase essay question, California law enforcement policies have been brutal to our inner city citizens – killing and maiming our family members – and that the brutality has been sanctioned by Gov. Brown and carried out by CDCr Secretary Beard et al behind California prison walls against all prisoners and easiest topic for persuasive, especially Level 3 and 4 prisoners. CEASE the human torture! CEASE the racial profiling, Gov. Brown and Secretary Beard!

I want everyone to know that I agree with my co-principle negotiators’ articles in the October 2014 SF Bay View newspaper: 2) “Unresolved hunger strike issues” on page 16. I want to encourage everyone to subscribe to this newspaper. It is the voice of all people! To all U.S. citizens and the world community, support our Prisoner Human Rights Movement! We are fighting for human justice. Purchase Question! We are upholding the english internet, U.S.

Constitution and California Constitution and the liberties therein, while establishing the suny purchase, freedoms that our ancestors struggled for over the past hundred years in California. Determined to preserve our human lives and those of all prisoners within the state of California, we, the Prisoner Human Rights Movement, call on all citizens to get involved with social change now. Ielts Academic Writing With Answers! In the course of our work, PHRM realizes that it is natural that we should meet opposition from CDCr, because of their ignorance and lack of knowledge manifested whenever CDCr ruthlessly deceives and deprives prisoners of our human rights and civil rights daily. With the dawn of this new prison era, the Prisoners’ Era of Retrospect and Construct, know what its essentials are; know its principles and strive to attain our goals and objectives in the truest sense of suny purchase essay, our Agreement to ielts essays, End Hostilities. We know what forced solitude causes: psychological and physical warfare, for prisoners and their outside family members as well.

Politically speaking, the world has changed and so have prisoners. Human progress means change, and today we need to suny purchase essay question, prepare for a higher life, for tomorrow’s liberty – educationally, socially and politically. No one wants to be tortured, dehumanized, racially profiled, religiously profiled and writing on travelling, viciously targeted by suny essay, acts of sensory deprivation by Gov. Jerry Brown’s state government and his California prison officials to implement the New Jim Crow, i.e., the academic writing essays answers, Security Threat Group/Step Down Program (STG/SDP), which is actually criminal acts of torture by way of suny essay, low intensity warfare. This is an act against on increasing inflation, all California citizens and humanity itself. Our PHRM was threatened by CDCr officials and employees as we championed the cause of the suny purchase essay, Agreement to paragraph writing on travelling as a means of education, End Hostilities, and we thank God that our prisoner class did not fall prey to CDCr’s threats to destroy our AEH across this state. Prisoners hold their destiny in the palm of their hands and we shall not allow any prison correctional officers, sergeants, lieutenants, captains, associate wardens, chief deputy wardens, wardens, the director of suny, adult institutions, the undersecretary or the secretary or even Gov. Brown to destroy our faith in with humanity. The Prisoner Human Rights Movement shall stand as ONE clenched fist in suny purchase essay question solidarity against CDCr oppression. I want to make it clear that Gov. Brown and Secretary Beard operate with the mentality of Donald Tokowitz Sterling, the former Los Angeles Clipper’s owner.

Just review their policies, rules, laws and practices directed at writing as a means all prisoners and their family members, relatives, friends and all citizens within this state. We shall not allow even Gov. Suny Purchase Question! Brown to destroy our faith in humanity. The Prisoner Human Rights Movement shall stand as ONE clenched fist in solidarity against good transitions, CDCr oppression. Stand up against injustice. Purchase Essay! Stand up against racism. Stand up against sensory deprivation. People, get involved in struggle! Revolutionary love and paragraph as a, respect!

Send our brother some love and light: Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa, s/n R.N. Dewberry, C-35671, 4B-7C-209, P.O. Box 1906, Tehachapi CA 93581. California’s savage system of confinement: An end to solitary is long overdue. Published in the SF Bay View, December 9, 2014. Marie Levin holding one of the few pictures of her brother Sitawa – by Malaika.

Less than two weeks ago the suny purchase question, United Nations Committee against Torture issued a report strongly criticizing the U.S. Juris Doctor! record on purchase essay question, a number of essay, issues, among them the extensive use of solitary confinement. While the suny purchase essay question, U.S. uses long-term solitary more than any other country in the world, California uses it more than any other state. It’s one of the few places in the world where someone can be held indefinitely in solitary. This practice is designed to ielts academic answers, break the human spirit and purchase essay question, is condemned as a form of torture under international law. Despite these repeated condemnations by the U.N., the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) is harshening rather than easing its policies, currently with three new sets of regulations.

The administration’s iron-fisted strategy is emerging: Project the appearance of essay on increasing, a reforming system while extending its reach, and suny purchase, restrict the ability of prisoners and their loved ones to organize for paragraph writing as a of education, their rights. While the U.S. Suny Essay! uses long-term solitary more than any other country in ielts essays with answers the world, California uses it more than any other state. It’s one of the few places in the world where someone can be held indefinitely in solitary. This practice is designed to break the human spirit and suny essay, is condemned as a form of torture under international law. First, the CDCR has instituted a “Step Down Program” ostensibly to create a pathway out of indefinite solitary. However, the program actually widens the juris doctor, net of who can be considered a threat and therefore eligible for suny essay, placement in solitary. Recently adopted regulations replace the old language of “gang” with “Security Threat Group” (STG) and the previous list of a dozen identified gangs is now replaced with a dizzying list of over on increasing in pakistan 1,500 STGs. Under these new regulations, even family members and others outside the prisons can be designated as part of an STG. Given the fact that indefinite solitary is used disproportionately against people of color – in Pelican Bay, 85 percent of those in isolation are Latino – the language used to justify placement in solitary eerily mirrors the rhetoric of the suny purchase question, federal government and its permanent state of war against its declared enemies, all of whom are people of color. The CDCR promulgated a second set of rule changes last summer with sweeping new “obscenity” regulations governing mail going both in and out of prisons.

The original proposal was to explicitly ban any “publications that indicate an association with groups that are oppositional to authority and society,” yet after coming under heavy criticism, CDCR decided to easiest topic essay, mask its Orwellian motives by hiding behind the above mentioned language of suny, STGs. This ominous language violates First Amendment rights and reveals a broader agenda: to censor writings that educate the public about what is actually occurring inside the prisons, and to academic writing, stifle the intellectual and political education and suny purchase, organizing of prisoners themselves. A third element of CDCR’s strategy of containment is the implementation of transitions, highly intimidating visiting procedures designed to keep family members away from their loved ones. Draconian new visiting regulations authorize the suny essay, use of dogs and writing on travelling as a means, electronic drug detectors to suny purchase essay question, indiscriminately search visitors for easiest, contraband, even though both methods are notoriously unreliable. These procedures effectively criminalize family members and deter them from visiting, especially in a period of a growing family-led movement against solitary. The three new policies are also intended to extend CDCR’s reach beyond the prison walls. As an organizer and suny purchase essay question, family member of a prisoner, I’m censored when sending letters to my brother, Sitawa N. Jamaa, subjected to gratuitous and essays, intimidating searches during visits, and purchase essay, susceptible to being labeled an topic essay, STG associate. These are all ways that CDCR is suny trying to keep me from knowing how my brother and others are doing, and to repress my organizing. People locked up in juris doctor resume California have a decades-long history of fighting for suny purchase essay, the rights and dignity of prisoners, affirming their humanity in the face of doctor, inhumane conditions and demanding change. Purchase Question! The U.N. report calls on this government to “ban prison regimes of solitary confinement such as those in juris super-maximum security detention facilities.” It’s time for California to listen.

Taken individually, these regulations may seem to suny essay, address unrelated issues. But given they are all coming down simultaneously – just a year after the essay on increasing inflation in pakistan, last of a series of historic hunger strikes by question, people in California prisons has given rise to the highest level of self-organization and on travelling as a of education, empowerment among imprisoned people since the 1970s – these regulations are nothing less than a systematic attempt to silence and retaliate against prisoners’ growing resistance. Over 30,000 prisoners participated in 2013’s strike, some for 60 days, risking their health and lives for an end to indefinite solitary. Essay! Prisoners’ family members and loved ones also took up leadership roles in political organizing in unprecedented ways. The movement to writing on travelling as a, abolish solitary continues to suny purchase, gain momentum around the country. The hunger strikes were a significant part of an ongoing national sea change regarding the use of solitary, as states are waking up to its dangers. Internet! Illinois, Maine and Mississippi have closed or drastically downsized their solitary units without any loss of institutional safety. New York and Arizona were recently forced to reduce their use of question, isolation, with Colorado and New Jersey following suit. Yet California steadfastly remains an outlier seemingly impervious to change, led by an administration that relies on tired rhetoric about ielts academic essays “the worst of the worst” to justify torture. People locked up in California have a decades-long history of suny purchase essay, fighting for the rights and dignity of prisoners, affirming their humanity in essay the face of inhumane conditions and demanding change.

The U.N. report calls on this government to “ban prison regimes of suny essay, solitary confinement such as those in super-maximum security detention facilities.” It’s time for California to listen. Marie Levin is the sister of Sitawa N. Jamaa, a prisoner in solitary confinement at Tehachapi. She is a member of easiest for persuasive essay, California Families Against Solitary Confinement (CFASC) and Prisoner Hunger Strike Solidarity Coalition (PHSS). Mohamed Shehk, the media and communications director for Critical Resistance, also contributed to suny essay question, this piece and essay inflation, can be reached at mohamed@criticalresistance.org . Suny Purchase Essay! This story previously appeared on Counterpunch . Brother Sitawa’s horrible journey through CDCR corruption, torture and inhumane treatment. Published in the SF Bay View, March 11, 2012. by Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa, s/n R.N. Dewberry.

My name is Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa, s/n R.N. Dewberry. I am one of the four principle negotiators of the Pelican Bay State Prison (PBSP) hunger strike, now titled: Pelican Bay Human Rights Movement (PBHRM). As you know by now, the hunger strike has been given a grace period, because CDCR Secretary Matthew Cate and Undersecretary Scott Kernan asked that we call off the hunger strike until they’re able to meet our five core demands. This the four principle negotiators thought hard and long on ielts with answers, during a three-and-a-half-hour negotiation face to essay question, face with Undersecretary Scott Kernan, who made it clear from the beginning he speaks for CDCR Secretary Matthew Cate. On Travelling! Only then did we agree to give the suny purchase essay, CDCR heads the time they requested: two to three weeks starting from essay on increasing inflation July 20, 2011. Although we have read many unfortunate lies by purchase question, the CDCR Secretary Matthew Cate that we, the negotiators, called off the hunger strike for a beanie cap, proctor and writing, calendars, not only does the CDCR secretary think the hunger strike supporters are stupid to believe that we would literally starve ourselves for suny purchase question, beanie caps, proctors, handballs and paragraph of education, calendars etc., it’s only an attempt to demoralize our support base, i.e. prisoners throughout the United States and people of all walks of life throughout the purchase, world. Here’s my personal horror story: I was locked up in 1985, when two confidential informants (i.e., prison snitches) reported information to juris, two correctional lieutenants named Lt. L.D. Suny Purchase Essay! Thomas and Lt.

S.L. Good Transitions For Expository! Hubbard at San Quentin State Prison. It’s important to know that I have been held in solitary confinement since 1985. I’ve been here in PBSP solitary confinement since 1990 and purchase essay, I’ve suffered every torturous physical and psychological attack known to man here. Yet my only essays answers crime is that in 1985 two prison informers allegedly reported that I was involved in prison gang activities – only to purchase essay question, find out academic writing answers there never were any prison informers (i.e., snitches). Instead the two “veteran” lieutenants, L.D. Thomas and S.L.

Hubbard, were the “two prisoner informers.” Yes, they lied in purchase essay question order to english essay, lock me up because it was them who authored all the information provided. Therefore I have been held in solitary confinement illegally because of two heartless racist officials who lied in order to lock me up in solitary confinement as a prison gang member, when they both knew I was not a prison gang member. I was told off the record that I am in solitary confinement for my political beliefs. And due to suny purchase question, those beliefs, I will die in ielts academic essays with solitary confinement unless I “debrief.” This is not a unique story. Many other prisoners are held in prison solitary confinement indefinitely for not one offense for 10 to 40 years. We have wasted away here in purchase essay solitary confinement while our families suffer the same psychological torture, and many have already passed on. So those five core demands are not for beanie caps or jackets, which the PBSP officials cruelly kept from us deliberately while allowing us to go to the freezing concrete yard nine months out essay internet of the question, year for english essay, 21 years straight. I have been held in solitary confinement illegally because of two heartless racist officials who lied in purchase essay question order to good transitions, lock me up in essay solitary confinement as a prison gang member, when they both knew I was not a prison gang member.

I was told off the record that I am in solitary confinement for my political beliefs. And due to those beliefs, I will die in solitary confinement unless I “debrief.” The “proctor” does not serve 95 percent of us because it’s an educational service at prisoners’ expense. Therefore, many of us cannot afford it. And a calendar is a calendar? Don’t get it! So, CDCR Secretary Cate and his lying cronies – i.e., CDCR spokeswoman Terry Thorton, CDCR Undersecretary Scott Kernan and PBSP SHU Warden G.D. Lewis – know that our hunger strike is essay inflation about human rights and the abuse and physical and psychological torture of prisoners being held in suny purchase essay solitary confinement indefinitely – i.e., civil death. So, if CDCR Secretary Matthew Cate, Undersecretary Scott Kernan and PBSP SHU Warden G.D.

Lewis do not hold to our July 20, 2011, agreement and implement our five core demands as they agreed, then we will have no choice but to ielts academic writing essays with answers, reenact our statewide peaceful hunger strike indefinitely, because despite all the divide and conquer attempts, we prisoners remain in solidarity across all racial groups. And we will seek no negotiations with any CDCR officials whatsoever. Our Pelican Bay Human Rights Movement is a struggle to be treated like decent human beings instead of like caged animals. Brother Sitawa has served 27 years in solitary confinement “due to my political beliefs in the teachings of David Walker, Martin Delany, Marcus Garvey.” Black abolitionist David Walker published his book, “Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, a call for Black unity and self-help in purchase essay question the fight against oppression and injustice,” in 1829. “America,” he argued, “is more our country than it is the whites’ – we have enriched it with our blood and tears.” His goal was to ielts academic answers, see Black people defend and “govern ourselves.” It should be clear that I have been made to suffer a grave injustice due to my political beliefs in the teachings of David Walker, Martin Delany, Marcus Garvey etc., whose beliefs and principles I have embraced and for years used to educate my New Afrikan brothers and purchase question, sisters and easiest essay, fellow human beings behind these prison walls even after initially being placed in solitary confinement. I continue to educate and suny essay question, serve the interests of all prisoners across all color lines! It is these actions which led CDCR to further isolate me deeper into solitary confinement on ielts, an illegal placement into suny, solitary confinement. I insist that California Gov.

Edmund G. Juris Doctor! Brown and President Barack Obama take a hard look at the inhumane treatment of California prisoners here in the United States of America being tortured in solitary confinement units because of their political beliefs, influence and being jailhouse lawyers etc. And even if someone is a prison gang member or gang member, it still does not give CDCR officials the right to torture them. Therefore, I/we ask that an investigation be opened to look into the criminal and inhumane treatment that has been going on question, for 10 to 40 years against all prisoners, mostly of color. I have been disciplinary free for 16 years! And every CDCR rule violation report I received between 1985 and for expository essays, 1995 was due to CDCR officials trying to assassinate me on numerous occasions that were self-defense incidents. It should be clear that I am willing to talk to any media as to our torture and illegal placement into solitary confinement. Suny Purchase Essay! I am willing to talk at essay any legislative hearings in respect to our suffering. I am willing to let anyone investigate what I have spoken about in this informative letter to you all, especially the accusations that I made against the two lieutenants. It is the only way that you all will be able to see the truth and the criminal behavior by officials and gang investigators in purchase order to keep us in solitary confinement.

On top of suffering one grave injustice where I have been conspired into the solitary confinement unit in which I’ve been for the last 26 years, I have also suffered another injustice where I have been held in prison for 31 years on a crime that I did not commit. Not only have my co-defendants been released – one 24 years ago and the other 25 years ago – but one also confessed to the crime during our trial. Essay In Pakistan! Ironically the only thing that these two injustices have in common is the witnesses used to persecute me where there was no evidence whatsoever. Suny Essay! See Case No. C01-20091 civil suit U.S. Essay On Increasing In Pakistan! District Court for the Northern District of California. SB 687 was signed by Gov.

Edmund G. Brown Aug. 3, 2011, into suny question, law. Good Transitions Essays! It provides that the corroboration of an in-custody informant shall not be provided by suny purchase question, the testimony of another in-custody informant. Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa, s/n R.N. Dewberry, C-35671.

CCI SHU 4B-7C-209. Tehachapi CA 93581. Sitawa during a visit on Feb 27 2016. Sign on the gate at Corcoran during the hunger sitrke of 2013 with text of SitawaBe mindful that our success will depend on our collective resolve and determination to put an easiest for persuasive, end to this system of human torture - Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa.

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Point/Counterpoint: Paying College Athletes. The notion of paying college football players has been an ongoing debate since the early 1900’s. With current television revenue resulting from NCAA football bowl games and March Madness in basketball, there is now a clamoring for compensating both football and basketball players beyond that of an athletic scholarship. This article takes a point/counterpoint approach to the topic of paying athletes and may have potential implications/consequences for college administrators, athletes, and coaches. Dr. John Acquaviva defends the current system in which colleges provide an athletic scholarship that provides a “free college education” in return for playing on the university team. Dr.

Dennis Johnson follows with a counterpoint making the case that athletes in suny question these sports should receive compensation beyond that of a college scholarship and forwards five proposals to writing, pay the athletes. Key words: pay for play, athletic scholarships. Introduction: History of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) The idea of paying college athletes to compete dates back to suny purchase, what is considered to be the first intercollegiate competition. In a regatta between Harvard and Yale Universities, Harvard used a coxswain who was not even a student enrolled at the Ivy League school (5). Much like today’s universities whose appetites for appearances in corporate-sponsored “big money” football bowl events; Harvard may have used the non-student to please regatta sponsor Elkins Railroad (23). In the late 1800’s, football played by paragraph on travelling as a means of education college teams was a brutal sport but enjoyed by many fans. However, from 1900 to 1905, there were 45 players who died playing the sport (22).

This prompted President Theodore Roosevelt to summon the presidents of Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, and threaten them with a ban unless the purchase question, sport was modified. As a result of that meeting, a group of inflation 62 university presidents convened to form the Intercollegiate Athletic Association in suny purchase question 1906. Ielts Academic With! This group evolved into the NCAA in 1910, but as a group it only possessed supervisory power (22). College football became even more popular in the period of 1920-1940. This was a time when commercialism in the educational system was being questioned on a variety of suny question levels. Good Transitions For Expository Essays! One such fundamental question was posed in 1929 by Howard Savage, a staff member of the essay, Carnegie Foundation. He raised a question in an article entitled Athletics in American College (originally published in 1930 but reprinted in 1999) “whether an writing essays answers, institution in the social order whose primary purpose is the development of the intellectual life can at purchase essay, the same time serve an agency to promote business, industry, journalism, and organized athletics on an extensive commercial basis? More importantly, the report asked “can it (the university) concentrate its attention on securing teams that win, without impairing the sincerity and writing with vigor of its intellectual purpose” (9, p.495)?

Savage also states that “alumni devices for suny question recruiting winning teams constitutes the most disgraceful phase of recent intercollegiate athletics” (9, p. 495). In sum, the original 1929 report claimed that “big time” college sports were not educational, but were entirely financial and commercial. Athletes during the early and mid-1900’s were routinely recruited and paid to paragraph of education, play; and there were several instances where individuals representing the schools were not enrolled as students. Purchase Question! For example, there is one report of a Midwestern university using seven members of its team that included the town blacksmith, a lawyer, a livery man, and four railroad employees (5). Other athletes at colleges were given high paying jobs for which they did little or no work. In 1948, the NCAA adopted a “Sanity Code” that limited financial aid for athletes to tuition and fees, and transitions for expository required that aid otherwise be given based on need (5). In the early 1950’s, with the threat of several southern schools bolting from the NCAA, the code was revised to allow athletic scholarships to cover tuition, fees, and a living stipend. However, by the mid-1950’s many schools were still struggling with the issue of offering athletic scholarships.

Some university presidents ultimately decided to maintain the principles of amateurism and further serve the mission of higher education. Those were presidents of purchase essay question universities that today make up the Ivy League. They concluded that it was not in the best interest of their universities to award athletic scholarships, and have remained steadfast even today. After passing Title IX in the mid 1970’s, the NCAA absorbed the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) and began to govern women’s sport at the collegiate level. Over the past 50 years, the NCAA has also expanded into transitions for expository essays three divisions with a multitude of suny purchase essay championship events on a yearly basis (20). There are more than 1,300 member institutions that represent an with, estimated 400,000 student athletes who participate in sport (21). The result of this growth and development are enormous increases in revenue. Suny Purchase Essay Question! NCAA President Mark Emmert reports the NCAA revenues for paragraph on travelling means the 2010-11 fiscal year is projected at $757 million, of suny purchase question which $452.2 million will go to Division I members (14). While seemingly operating in easiest for persuasive a purely capitalistic/professional atmosphere, the suny purchase essay question, NCAA continues to endorse an amateurism concept in college athletics.

These competing, and often contradictory, values lead some college athletes in big time football and basketball programs to question the status quo of the present system through their words and actions. For example, many athletes are still attempting to get their “piece of the pie,” albeit under the good for expository, table. And so it leads to our point-counterpoint. Point: College Athletes Should Not Be Paid. The intensity of the argument to pay college athletes has escalated in suny purchase essay question the past few years. Doctor! Perhaps it’s because of the current economic climate and everyone, including amateur athletes is looking for ways to purchase, make money? Or maybe it’s because many higher learning institutions have given the public access to as a means of education, their annual budget and suny purchase essay question readers focus on english essay, the profit of select athletic programs? Or maybe it is due to suny essay question, the absurd coaches’ salaries and the money that colleges make from football bowl games and basketball tournaments? Regardless, this has magnified the fact that the as a of education, athletes see none of these profits and thus begs the simple question: “Where’s my share?” Perhaps a fair question, but to understand this argument better, a healthy debate is needed.

So, here are some points to question, consider. Colleges and universities provide an invaluable and vital service to juris doctor, our communities: education. A now-famous bumper sticker once read: “If you think education is expensive, try ignorance.” To address that very slogan, the U.S. census bureau, as reported by Cheesman-Day and Newberger (7), expressed this best when they reported that the lifetime earnings for suny essay question those with a college degree are over $1 million dollars more than non-graduates. Despite such a statistic, essays and op-ed columns continue to pour in from those who favor paying student-athletes while simultaneously refusing to acknowledge or accept the value of a college education. Is a college education priceless or not? A sports-journalist in a recent national radio interview proposed that any argument against paying college athletes based on the sole reason that education is the prize is “antiquated”. But what seems antiquated and even shortsighted is the belief that paying a college athlete some (or even a lot of) money will solve all or even some of student’s long-term issues.

The fear of the NCAA, as it should be, is that the juris, mere notion of suny question paying college athletes undermines the university’s primary purpose – education, something far more valuable than a modest annual stipend proposed by many. If it currently appears that the universities “don’t really care” about the athlete, paying them would intensify that belief, not dissolve it. The irony in this dispute is academic with, that student-athletes do cost the university a substantial amount of money each year. For example, a full scholarship over four years can range between $30,000 and suny purchase question $200,000 depending if the good essays, institution is public or private (29). But let’s address this main point head on: There is an obvious lack of appreciation of a college degree from those in favor of paying athletes, and until a genuine gratitude for this concept develops, this argument will probably continue to purchase question, linger. Point #2: There Are Problems with Payment. Despite the well-documented scandals and corruption in college athletics (30), many would probably agree that paying athletes would exponentially increase the need for intense NCAA oversight – an enormous task by all accounts. On Increasing Inflation In Pakistan! Plus, there are the practical issues to consider. For example, how much should the athletes get paid and will payments be based on performance? What if the athlete gets hurt?

What if the athlete is a bust and despite remaining on the team, doesn’t start or even play at question, all? – Issues that seem to raise far more questions than answers. But perhaps most important – What will happen to the non-revenue sports at the colleges who lose money from all of essays their sports programs – including football and basketball? It has been shown that only essay question a fraction of Division I football and men’s basketball programs turn a profit (24, 20). The other Division I football and basketball programs as well as sports such as baseball, softball, golf, hockey, women’s basketball (minus a couple of notable programs), and just about all Division II sports not only fail to make money, but actually drain their athletic budgets. The outcome here would be inevitable: Forcing athletic departments to pay its football and basketball players would result in the eventual elimination of most, if not all, of the non-revenue sports. Is that what we want? We cannot afford to be myopic on resume, this issue. That is, there are only a limited number of programs that make big money, but yet there are hundreds of schools who absorb big losses at the cost of providing athletes a place to compete and earn a degree. The purpose of the NCAA, along with Amateur Athletic Union (AAU), Little League, and dozens of suny essay other organized forms of amateur sport is to provide a venue to play these sports – something we should not take for granted. English Essay Internet! The problem is that some have shifted in thinking that playing an organized sport is a right, whereas it still stands as a privilege. Point #3: The University Offers More Than an Education.

Concerts, lecture series by prominent people, on-stage productions, movies, intramural sports, fitness facilities, and a variety of clubs are all part of the typical university experience. Suny Question! Most students agree that colleges are self-contained acres of learning and socializing, all which takes place in a safe environment. It’s common for schools to subsidize the above-mentioned on-campus activities by good adding fees to the tuition – which means that it’s free to a full-scholarship athlete. Purchase Essay! Other benefits to the athlete include the regular use of pristine gyms, well-manicured fields, athlete-only (and often team-only) workout facilities, sports medicine care, the opportunity to english essay internet, travel via away games, specialized meal plans and free foot gear and athletic attire. In addition, athletes are improving their trade from the best coaching minds in the sport; not to suny, mention having access to essay, some of the best nutrition and suny strength/conditioning personnel. And perhaps the most overlooked benefits are that the good transitions for expository essays, school provides the player with high-profile name recognition, a dedicated fan base, media exposure, and purchase essay a competitive atmosphere with proven rivals, all of which took decades, effort and money for each institution to for persuasive essay, establish. Point #4: The Athletic Department Has Its Role. Keep in mind that student-athletes are not employees of the university, rather they are students first and athletes second. The university can indeed make money from the sports programs; however, for those that do, the money simply goes back into the athletic program to fund the non-revenue sports (24). In fact, every year the NCAA sponsors over 80 national championships in suny purchase essay three divisions, demonstrating the range and depth of their organization (20).

While it is true that the champion in football and men’s basketball (and most other sports for writing means that matter) seem to come from a relatively small pool of universities, it might be safe to assume that paying athletes would create an even bigger disparity since so few universities actually make money. Let’s face it, we are an underdog-loving country, and paying athletes would all but ensure that teams like Butler University, who made it to suny purchase essay question, the Final Four in consecutive tournaments (2010 and 2011), will never do it again. From the moment the doctor, full-scholarship papers are signed, each participant’s role is very clear: Schools accept the responsibility of the student’s tuition, meal plan, and boarding, while the suny purchase, athlete is provided with the opportunity to on increasing inflation in pakistan, earn a degree, engage in college life and play their favorite sport in a well-organized, and often high profile fashion. The document signed by each student-athlete describes this agreement in an unmistakable manner. Although wordy and at times complex – a necessity due to the nature of the agreement – there’s no vagueness in the general arrangement or a hidden agenda from either party (10). A failure to honor the basic premise of any such contract would cause all forms of business – big or small – to question, crumble. If for some reason the university could be held liable for entrapment or some other form of dishonesty, then their athlete’s argument would stand on firmer ground. But frankly, the details of this agreement are well known by all involved, and rather strangely, no one seems to mind when signing them.

In conclusion, it should be noted that any NCAA improprieties or blatant corruption may have a carry-over effect into empathizing with the position given here. Easiest Essay! While corruption and other related-concerns are legitimate and need investigation, paying college athletes still remains a separate debate. Purchase Question! It is vital to this process to view each NCAA issue independently and ielts writing essays with answers avoid making judgments on them as a whole. The position here is that, like many organizations, the NCAA should not be dismissed or discredited on one issue due to the mishandling of others. Further, if the contention is that many student athletes enter college unprepared or that athletics takes up too much time to excel (or even earn a degree), those are separate, but much needed arguments, and are not related to the issue of paying athletes. Now more than ever, we live in purchase an era of entitlement. At one time our country viewed the chance at higher education as a priceless commodity. Paragraph On Travelling! However, it now seems that a college education is not held in suny purchase the same esteem and good transitions for expository essays worse yet, some see it as simply an suny purchase essay question, opportunity to essay on increasing, earn money.

Although it is now evident that there has been a failure to suny purchase essay question, convince much of the english essay internet, public of the true value of an education, keeping college athletes as pure amateurs remains the right thing to do. Counter Point: Athletes in “Big-Time” Sports Should Be Paid. The argument that a college athletic scholarship is an equal quid pro quo for a college education has been utilized since athletic scholarships were approved by the NCAA in 1950’s. Purchase Essay! My colleague makes one point that is totally accurate – a college graduate can in fact make a great deal more money over a lifetime when compared to non-graduates. However, the remainder of the author’s points are half-truths and in reality just plain falsehoods.

For instance, a “full athletic scholarships” do not provide a “free” education (as it does not cover all costs incurred from matriculation to good transitions for expository essays, graduation. In many cases, the university does not live up to its end of the suny purchase essay, bargain of providing an education; as evidenced by the dismal number in the graduation rates, especially among African Americans. Furthermore, the athletic scholarship is only a one-year (renewable) agreement that can be terminated by the coach or university in any given year for for persuasive any reason. In debating the pay-for-play issue in college athletics, the history of the governing body (i.e., currently the NCAA), their mission and view of amateurism, the question, past history of college athletes benefitting financially, and the degree to which athletes benefit from the university experience must all be examined. The counter point section of this paper addresses each point made by my colleague. Using the on increasing inflation in pakistan, Eitzen (12) analogy comparing the NCAA and big-time athletic programs to the old southern plantation system will be the underpinning wellspring for the subject of athlete exploitation and suny purchase essay question the financial benefits enjoyed by the university derived from that plantation-like exploitation. An economic viewpoint will be presented to demonstrate the cartel-like atmosphere held by the NCAA while maintaining the illusion of doctor amateurism. Finally, five proposals that outline means to promote pay-for-play in NCAA Division I football and men’s basketball will be presented. The arguments that follow are specifically tailored for those two sports at schools who receive bonus money from the suny purchase essay question, NCAA, as those universities and for expository their coaches enjoy considerable revenue from suny TV contracts and sponsorships generated by bowl games and “March Madness” appearances.

Point #1: Athletic Scholarships Provide a “Free Education” is not correct. As mentioned, in the 1950’s the NCAA approved adding living stipends to athletic scholarships that previously included only tuition and topic fees. Today, the “full ride” scholarship can only include tuition, fees, room, board, and books. And as mentioned in the previous section, in some cases, depending on the school attended, that scholarship can be worth anywhere from $30,000 to $200,000, although the figures $20,000 to $100,000 over a four year period might be more accurate. In any case, that still does not cover the full cost of attending college. The Collegiate Athletes Coalition (CAC) estimates that NCAA scholarships are worth about $2000 less than the purchase essay question, cost of doctor attending a university, as it does not account for expenses such as travel and sundries. Purchase! Former Nebraska head football coach and United States Congressman, Tom Osborne (R-NE), calculates the gap between scholarship funding and the actual cost of attendance to be closer to $3,000. Even former NCAA President, Myles Brand, indicated that he favored increasing scholarship limits: “Ideally, the value of an athletically related scholarship would be increased to cover the full-cost of on increasing attendance, calculated at between $2,000 to $3000 more per year than is currently provided, I favor this approach of providing the full cost of attendance” (23, p.232).

So yes, the scholarship can be seen as pay for play, or at the very least, a quid pro suny question quo for english essay services rendered during a four year period. However, even with a full scholarship, an athlete will have to pay somewhere between $8,000 and $12,000 out of pocket to bridge the cost-of-living gap. Therefore, the question, full athletic scholarship does not provide a “free” education. Thus question remains: is the full scholarship a fair and equitable deal for the athlete? Athlete Exploitation-The Plantation System. Eitzen (12) among others (27) makes the analogy that the essay, NCAA operates like the “plantation system” of the old south. The coaches are the overseers who get work from the laborers (players) who provide riches for the masters (universities) while receiving little for their efforts. Suny Essay Question! Perhaps slightly over-stated (obviously the athlete is easiest topic essay, not a slave, but maybe an purchase question, indentured servant), the student–athlete is dominated, managed, and controlled, and essay internet they don’t receive a wage commensurate to suny purchase, their contribution as expressed in dollars earned by the university. Eitzen notes that athletes are sometimes mistreated physically and mentally and good for expository are often denied the purchase essay, rights and freedoms of other citizens.

Ultimately, they have no real democratic recourse in good for expository an unjust system. There are other similarities to suny, the plantation analogy. Paragraph Writing On Travelling As A Of Education! Slaves were not free to leave the purchase question, plantation much like an athlete cannot get out of a letter of intent (without penalty) and/or transfer without the penalty of sitting out a year. Much like the slaves who had no right to privacy, athletes are subject to mandatory drug testing (even though their coaches/masters are not tested), room checks, and limits on where they can and cannot go in the community. Topic For Persuasive! The athletes can be prohibited from political protests and the right to assemble. And finally, they can be subjected to mental cruelty and suny purchase question physical abuse (e.g., early morning torture sessions), all in in pakistan order to create obedient slaves; student athletes. Furthermore, collegiate athletics is often the only game in town for many of these athletes.

For instance, football players must be in their third year of college or over question the age of 21 to enter the National Football League (NFL). Basketball players, on the other hand, must attend college for one year or ultimately sit out a year before they can enter the for persuasive essay, National Basketball Association (NBA). Thus, the college game has become a “feeder system” similar to a minor professional league and it is in reality, “the only suny game in town.” Point #2: Athletes Don’t Know the “Real” Deal. My colleague is internet, partially correct in suny that most student athletes know that they are getting a scholarship that will allow them to go to school and play a sport. However, many don’t know the doctor, “real deal” as they generally have very little understanding they are about to enter a “plantation-like” system in which their scholarship in not guaranteed (i.e., renewable yearly) and can be terminated at any time. Student-athletes are also a led to believe that they will play and suny essay receive a college degree while possibly picking up a few fringe benefits along the doctor, way.

Take, for example, the recent stories regarding players like Reggie Bush, Cam Newton, or the players at Ohio State who received money and/or other benefits as a result of playing football. Even though student athletes know they will not get directly paid for playing, many desire and suny essay even expect some form of compensation. Slack (25) surveyed 3,500 current and retired football players in 1989 only to find that 31% had received under the doctor, table money during their college careers and purchase question 48% knew of others who had received payments. This seems to imply that while many recruits may indeed know “the deal”, they display their discontent by accepting payments or other benefits not currently allowed by the NCAA. In reality, the statement “athletes know the deal” with regard to good, academic achievement and degree completion seems to lack substance. Suny Purchase Essay Question! Dr. Doctor! Nathan Tublitz, co-chair of the Coalition on Intercollegiate Athletes, an organization of 51 faculty senates whose purpose is to remind college presidents, athletic directors, and coaches that student athletes are students first. He points out suny essay, that: “…schools aren’t doing these kids any favors by admitting them when it’s unlikely that they will succeed academically. We bring 17 year-old kids, some of ielts essays answers them from the inner city and we wine and purchase dine them.

They have female chaperones. Essay! We put them up in fancy hotels. They come here and see an incredibly fancy locker room with individual TV screens, air conditioning and videogames. Purchase Question! They go in and see the new football stadium and the new $200 million basketball arena. They see a medical training facility that is stunningly beautiful with waterfalls, treadmill pools, and paragraph writing the sate-of-the-art medical and dental equipment. They come here and are treated like royalty. Until they break a leg or get put on the second string and they get set aside. Question! Many don’t earn a degree. They don’t have the training or the ielts answers, skills to suny purchase essay, be independent after they leave the university.

They’re lost (28, p.D10).” When the scholarship is signed, the athlete and easiest essay his family have reasonable expectations which include efforts by suny the coaching staff and university administration to meet all obligations of the contract. Additionally, my colleague notes, “that failure to honor the basic premise of ielts with any such contract would cause all forms of business – big or small – to crumble.” If the NCAA and athletic departments in higher education are a business, why are they allowed to purchase, act in a cartel-like fashion? And finally, do student athletes really know the “deal” when they penned their name on national signing day? It appears they don’t. Point #3: The University Offers More than Education-It’s Possible-But Not Probable. Academic Detachment. My colleague also makes the claim that the university offers more than an essay, education (e.g., concerts, lectures, intramurals, and clubs) in suny essay settings that enrich the college experience. Due to the plantation effect, however, many athletes are not able to take advantage of those events. For instance, few if any of the scholarship athletes would be allowed to play in an intramural contest for the coach’s fear of injury. Juris! Student athletes are also over-scheduled with study halls, practices, weight training sessions, film study, individual workouts, more practice, travel, and suny purchase question competition; all in for expository an attempt to help athletes maintain focus on their sport.

Adler and Adler (1) spent five years recording systematic information regarding the athletes’ lives in a big-time college basketball program. Suny Purchase Question! After observing, interviewing, and for expository traveling with them, they concluded that big-time basketball and being seriously engaged in purchase question academics were not compatible. They also found that freshmen had a period of internet optimism regarding academics when they first arrived on campus, but after about two semesters they found that the social isolation combined with the suny purchase essay, fatigue of training kept them from essay on increasing inflation in pakistan becoming involved in academic life. Positive feedback these basketball players earned was always athletic-related and not academic. They soon learned what they had to do to suny essay question, stay eligible. Coaches made sure they scheduled classes that did not interfere with practices.

Ultimately, the researchers realized that academic detachment was encouraged by the peer culture, and because of their social status (e.g., big man on campus), it became difficult for them to focus on academics. Coakley (8) reported that not all of the athletes in the Adler Adler (1) study experienced academic detachment. Paragraph Writing On Travelling As A Means Of Education! Those who entered college well-prepared with appropriate high school courses, strong parental support and an ability to suny purchase essay, develop relationships outside of sport were able to succeed in the classroom. It’s important to note that too many minority athletes from low socioeconomic environments struggle in academics – an issue that is often perpetuated by the coaches. For instance, Robert Smith, former running back for Minnesota Vikings and pre-med student while at Ohio State, needed two afternoon labs in the same semester. Since the labs conflicted with practice, coaches suggested that he drop them because of the commitment he made to essay internet, play football.

Against the wishes of the question, coaching staff, Smith took the good for expository essays, classes but was forced to purchase essay, sit out the season as red shirt athlete; a further example of the plantation effect. Benson (3) noted that one perspective was missing from the literature included a full expression from the black athletes point of view. Benson conducted a qualitative interview study of 12 African American students at a DI football program where the graduation rate was 31-40% for essays black football players compared to 60-70% of white football players. The results in this instance cannot be generalized due to the small sample size (N=12), but it does provide a snapshot of the thoughts regarding education and purchase question athletics of this group. Further, they reflect the topic, results obtained by Adler Adler (1). Another major finding of the suny purchase question, Benson (3) study was that the marginal academic performance was created by a series of interrelated practices engaged in for expository essays by all significant members of the academic setting, including peers, coaches, advisors, teachers, and the student athletes themselves. It began in the recruitment, and continued through the first year. Black student athletes received the suny purchase essay, message that school was not important, and that as time passed, they had no real control over essay their destiny in the classroom. It was simply a matter of survival to purchase, keep the grade point average (GPA) to a point to be eligible. They all felt like the coaches did not “walk the talk” in terms of academics.

They would just talk the essay on increasing inflation in pakistan, academic game in public but then in reality they would have “fits” if classes ever interfered with the program. Simply put, student athletes learned it was a matter of survival and a basic expectation to maintain a GPA just high enough to remain eligible to compete (3). “The Black Dumb Jock”. Essay Question! Harry Edwards (13) discussed the creation of the english, “black dumb jock” image prior to studies completed by Alder and Alder (1), Benson (3), and Coakley (8). He (i.e., Edwards) theorized that they were not born, but rather systematically created. The previous mentioned studies serve as evidence to support his statement (1, 3, 8). The exploitation of athletes is suny purchase question, not solely an NCAA issue but a societal one. For example, Fred Butler was passed on through elementary, middle, and high school because he was a good football player. Easiest Essay! He graduated from high school reading at a second grade level and went to El Camino Junior College.

There he took a number of suny essay question physical activity classes while hoping to be drafted into ielts academic essays with the NFL. When no offer came, he played at purchase question, California State University-Los Angeles for a year and a half. When again no offer came and his eligibility expired, he failed out of school within months with no degree, no offers to topic, play pro ball, and no skills to purchase, use for employment. Academic Essays Answers! And he still could not read! (18). Similarly, Former NFL player Dexter Manley testified before a Senate Committee that he played four years at Oklahoma State University, only to leave the school illiterate. Purchase Essay! And the sad feature is that academic detachment from the university athletic department perspective doesn’t seem to be an issue because there are always more impoverished (and usually minority) kids waiting to come in and play. Thus, student athletes in inflation many cases cannot take advantage of the many extras offered by a college education.

Why do athletes accept a diluted academic experience or the corruption of doctored transcripts, phantom courses, surrogate test takers, and tutors writing papers? Perhaps it is because they are disenfranchised under the current system, and will lose scholarships, starting roles, and eligibility if they complain. Question! George Will argued that “College football and basketball are, for many players, vocations, not avocations, and ielts writing essays with answers academics are unsubstantiated rumors” (12, p.5). So do full scholarship athletes get a chance to take advantage of all the extras of the university experience? More than likely it is question, not the case especially when they can’t even hope for a meaningful degree. NCAA as a Cartel. Kahn (16) examined the operation of the college football and basketball systems of the NCAA and for persuasive offers lessons about the determinants and effects of supply and demand. Suny Essay Question! Specifically he utilizes economic principles to calculate the value of college football player to a university. He notes that total ticket revenues for football and men’s basketball were $757 million in 1999, total value that exceeded the total ticket sales for good all of professional baseball, football, and essay question hockey that year.

A figure indicating that the NCAA is a very successful business entity engaged in capitalism. According to the cartel theory, the NCAA has “enforced collusive restrictions on payments for doctor factors of production, including player compensation, recruiting expenses, and purchase essay assistant coaches salaries; it has restricted output; and it has defeated potential rival groups (16, p. 211).” He notes, along with others (11, 15, 16, 30), that the essay internet, NCAA can impose sanctions that range from scholarship reductions, elimination from post-season play to program death penalties (e.g., Southern Methodist football); and possibly even threaten a school’s academic accreditation. However, restriction of pay to players is the main way in which the organization acts to restrict competition. Economists who have studied the suny purchase question, NCAA “view it as a cartel that attempts to produce rents, both by limiting payments for inputs such as player compensation and by limiting output” (16, p.210). When looking at writing on travelling as a means, the rent values based on college football or men’s basketball players’ performances, they are paid below a competitive level of compensation based on estimates of marginal revenue product produced of these players (6). Their analysis considered the suny purchase essay, total revenue for a school and the number of topic players that were eventually drafted by suny essay question a major professional league. Utilizing this framework they concluded that in 2005 dollars a draft-ready football player returned $495,000 to the university, while a draft-ready basketball player was worth $1.422 million for men’s basketball. And all of writing as a of education this compared to the approximately $40,000 paid in scholarship worth. This indicates that the NCAA does indeed use cartel power to pay top athletes less than the athlete’s market value. Based on a workload of 1000 hours per year and suny essay an average scholarship value, economist Richard Sheehan (16) calculated the paragraph, basic hourly wage of a college basketball player at $6.82 and a football player at $7.69.

Coaches’ hourly wages, on the other hand, ranged from $250-$647 per hour (depending on suny purchase essay question, salary). Again, using the essay, Eitzen metaphor, the purchase essay question, masters accumulate wealth at the slave’s expense, even though the athlete/slave’s health is jeopardized by participation (12). Parent (23) notes the hypocrisy of the writing, amateurism construct when looking at these capitalism issues. He notes that the former president of the University of Washington, William Gerberding, said, “As one contemplates the obvious fact that so many of the most gifted athletes are economically and educationally disadvantaged blacks, this becomes less and less defensible. Essay! I have become increasingly uncomfortable about having a largely white establishment maintaining an elaborate system of rules that deprives student-athletes, many of whom are non-white, of adequate financial support in the name of the paragraph as a of education, ideals of suny purchase amateurism” (p.236). So, why do athletes tolerate this system? They do mainly because they are disenfranchised and fear losing their scholarships and eligibility if they complain.

In essence, this pay-for-play discussion revolves around amateurism, as advertised by topic the NCAA, and its competing capitalistic drive for income. According to Tulsa Law School professor Ray Yasser, the essay question, best option for athletes to change the system for their benefit is to unite and “file an antitrust suit…against the NCAA and their universities, with the claim being that the NCAA and their universities are colluding to create a monopoly over the athlete’s ability to essay internet, share in essay question the profits generated from college athletics” (23, p.236). While the points for maintaining the status quo were stated previously, there has been sufficient evidence presented in this section to stimulate discussion of paragraph on travelling means of education paying players. The “play for suny purchase a diploma” agreement is not happening in many cases, as the athlete failure rate indicates. Another example is national champion Connecticut men’s basketball program losing two scholarships for the upcoming season as a result of a poor Academic Performance Rating (APR) from the essay in pakistan, NCAA (11). Thus, the following pay for play proposals are being submitted for consideration. It would appear that NCAA should get out of the commercial business of football and basketball and follow the Ivy League example of providing an environment that is truly amateur where student athletes actually are students first. That move would certainly place the student first in suny question the student athlete term. Doctor Resume! However, it doesn’t seem pragmatic that either the NCAA or any of the major universities are in any hurry to turn away millions of suny essay question dollars per year in profits. English Internet! Therefore, it is time to consider some pay-for-pay proposals. California and Nebraska have already passed state legislation that would enable colleges to compensate athletes; however they are blocked by the NCAA from doing so (23).

Therefore, I submit five proposals that could possibly be implemented: Big Ten Plan and/or Work Study Proposal: At the very least, the NCAA should follow former NCAA President Miles Brand’s suggestion and allocate athletes include a $2,000-$3,000 cost of living increase to full scholarships. Since athletes are supposedly only allowed to spend 20 hours per week involved with sport-related activities, this might actually be paid as 20 hours of work study or as a monthly living stipend. This would provide the athletes with the needed income for clothes, laundry, sundries, travel, and other small item expenses. Officials from the Big Ten are currently discussing a similar proposal that would help their athletes meet expenses not covered in an athletic scholarship. Big Ten commissioner Jim Delany reports league athletic directors and university officials have seriously discussed using some of purchase essay their growing TV revenue to pay athletes more. This proposal which would give athletes a $2,000-$5,000 per year living stipend also has the support of current NCAA president Mark Emmert (2). SEC Game Pay Proposal: The Southeastern Conference, another of the juris doctor, big time football conferences recently entered into the pay for play discussion. University of South Carolina coach Steve Spurrier put forth a proposal at the recent conference meetings to pay players $300 per suny purchase essay question game. The proposal was supported by several other coaches.

This type of writing answers a proposal could pay athletes anywhere from suny purchase $300-$1000 per game based on time played per game. Since most players do not play more than 30 minutes a game, a player could be paid on a per-minute of competition basis. At a rate of $20 per minute a player could net $600 for a game and essay approximately $6000-$7,000 per suny purchase season. Professional League Proposal: Ron Woods (27) puts forth a proposal submitted by Peter Plagensa, visiting professor at paragraph as a means, Middlebury College, regarding the pay-for-play issue. He appears to agree with the likes of Stanley Eitzen that the suny purchase essay question, current practice of colleges and the NCAA do in fact “amount to a little more than a plantation system” (27, p. On Travelling Means Of Education! 67). He suggests that the purchase essay question, big time college football and basketball maintain the million-dollar industry by making them an age 23 and under professional league.

This proposal would allow universities to hire players as college staff (much like the cafeteria or groundskeepers) at moderate salaries plus room and board. Ielts Writing Essays With Answers! Universities could also grant the athletes free academic classes until they earn a degree (even after playing days are over). Revenue Sharing Proposal from TV/NCAA Proceeds: “College basketball players watch the coach roaming the essay, sidelines in his $1,500 custom-make suit. They read about his $500.000 salary and $250,000 perk from good transitions essays a sneaker deal. They watch the schools sell jerseys (and T-shirts) with the question, player’s numbers on them. Paragraph Writing As A! They see the athletic director and NCAA officials getting rich and you wonder why they might ask; hey where’s my share?

What am I, a pack mule” (17, p.46) Tim Tebow related on the Daily Show (26) that he joked with his college coach prior to a national championship game about suny purchase question getting a cut of his bonus money to ensure a victory. This brings another revenue sharing possibility to the surface: coaches sharing their bonuses and other performance incentives with the players. Most coaches in big time programs are paid huge bonuses based on team record and as a means of education ranking, all a result of player performance. For instance, according to 2009 IRS income tax reports, Mike Krzyewski received $2,222,543 in bonuses and incentives (4). Coaches under this proposal would be required to share 25-50% of essay question their bonuses with the players.

Isn’t it reasonable to expect the athletes to get a cut of the bonus money? After all, they (i.e., the players) are the ones who put the essay on increasing inflation, coaches in a position to earn those bonuses. My colleague has argued in suny question point #2 that paying athletes raise a myriad of other issues, such as how much should they receive, what happens if an athlete gets hurt, and so on. That is a discussion for another time. First, we must agree that it is fair to compensate NCAA Division I football and english essay internet basketball athletes beyond that of an athletic scholarship; then and only then may payout details be chronicled. Note: a reminder that we are only discussing compensation for the NCAA Division I-A football and suny purchase question basketball players; not the athletes in the AAU, Little League or other truly amateur venues of organized sport. Throughout the history of the paragraph writing as a of education, NCAA, college athletes have routinely received compensation beyond that of a full college scholarship (e.g., room and suny purchase question board, tuition, books). While such compensation is essay inflation, illegal, athletes like Reggie Bush and suny purchase question others receive under-the-table benefits as evidenced in the Slack survey (25). Additionally, many athletes in “big time” programs do not receive a degree for their efforts in the athletic arena.

Universities routinely admit students based on their athletic skills that are academically ill-prepared for success. For Persuasive! As seen in the research (1, 3), many athletes that aspire to be academically successful soon lose hope with the over-scheduling and suny pressures of on travelling means sport preparation. As a result, many college athletes, a majority of which are minorities, fail out of school once coaches have utilized their eligibility. The NCAA functions like a cartel, keeping cost down while increasing profits. Rents for a draft-ready athlete earn the university somewhere between $500,000 for football and $1.422 million for men’s basketball (16), leading to a pseudo-plantation system where the coaches oversee the athletes demanding work and controlling their schedules on and off the field. This unbalanced system allows athletes to earn the equivalent of suny purchase question $6.80-$7.69 an hour (12) while coaches like Nick Saban of Alabama or Mack Brown of Texas earn over five million dollars a year (4). If the NCAA continues as a corporate entity and acting in a cartel-like fashion making millions of dollars a year, implementing a plan to pay student athletes for playing must be considered. Otherwise, America’s institutions of higher learning should follow the Ivy League schools’ example and eliminate athletic scholarships, get out of the big time sport business, and get on with providing students with a complete educational experience. Few discussions within sport are more common or controversial than the debate to pay college athletes.

Some arguments are well thought and good for expository essays articulated, while others lack insight and purchase essay question are simply driven by passion. The purpose of this article is to writing, provide the purchase essay question, reader with a new perspective and some historical insight – all supported by the literature – regardless of their stance on this issue. Moreover, readers who may actually be heard by the NCAA may offer a position that has yet to be considered. The concession here is that despite any decision by the NCAA in the near future, we can be assured that college administrators, coaches, and athletes will continue this debate. However, their arguments may now be seen as relevant and more reasoned.