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biograohy Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. Essays! His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family#8217;s eight children. Where Do Acknowledgements A Thesis! His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and essays, avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Earl#8217;s civil rights activism prompted death threats from the white supremacist organization Black Legion, forcing the where a thesis family to relocate twice before Malcolm#8217;s fourth birthday. Regardless of the about homer Little#8217;s efforts to elude the structure of an essay Legion, in 1929, their Lansing, Michigan home was burned to the ground. Two years later, Earl#8217;s body was found lying across the town#8217;s trolley tracks. About Homer! Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible. Louise suffered emotional breakdown several years after the death of her husband and was committed to a mental institution, while her children were split up among various foster homes and orphanages. Eventually, Malcolm and his long-time friend, Malcolm #8220;Shorty#8221; Jarvis, moved back to Boston. In 1946, they were arrested and convicted on burglary charges, and do acknowledgements go in, Malcolm was sentenced to 10 years in prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years.
Recalling his days in school, he used the time to further his education. Essays Homer! It was during this period of self-enlightenment that Malcolm#8217;s brother Reginald would visit and discuss his recent conversion to the Muslim religion. Reginald belonged to the religious organization the Nation of essay on gases Islam (NOI). Intrigued, Malcolm began to study the teachings of NOI leader Elijah Muhammad. Muhammad taught that white society actively worked to keep African-Americans from essays, empowering themselves and achieving political, economic, and social success. Among other goals, the NOI fought for a state of their own, separate from chemosynthesis in a sentence, one inhabited by white people. By the time he was paroled in 1952, Malcolm was a devoted follower with the essays about homer new surname #8220;X#8221; (He considered #8220;Little#8221; a slave name and chose the on brothers and sisters #8220;X#8221; to signify his lost tribal name.). Intelligent and articulate, Malcolm was appointed as a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam. Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan, and Harlem.
Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, as well as radio and television, to communicate the homer NOI#8217;s message across the United States. His charisma, drive, and conviction attracted an and sisters astounding number of new members. Homer! Malcolm was largely credited with increasing membership in the NOI from 500 in 1952 to sapient manager interview 30,000 in 1963. The crowds and about homer, controversy surrounding Malcolm made him a media magnet. He was featured in a weeklong television special with Mike Wallace in manager case study 1959, called The Hate That Hate Produced.
The program explored the fundamentals of the NOI, and essays homer, tracked Malcolm#8217;s emergence as one of its most important leaders. After the structure of an essay special, Malcolm was faced with the uncomfortable reality that his fame had eclipsed that of his mentor Elijah Muhammad. In addition to the media, Malcolm#8217;s vivid personality had captured the government#8217;s attention. As membership in the NOI continued to grow, FBI agents infiltrated the organization (one even acted as Malcolm#8217;s bodyguard) and secretly placed bugs, wiretaps, cameras, and other surveillance equipment to essays homer monitor the group#8217;s activities. Malcolm#8217;s faith was dealt a crushing blow at the height of the civil rights movement in 1963. He learned that his mentor and leader, Elijah Muhammad, was secretly having relations with as many as six women within the Nation of Islam organization. Project Manager Case Study! As if that were not enough, Malcolm found out that some of these relationships had resulted in children. Since joining the NOI, Malcolm had strictly adhered to essays the teachings of Muhammad, which included remaining celibate until his marriage to Betty Shabazz in 1958. Malcolm refused Muhammad#8217;s request to help cover up the affairs and subsequent children.
He was deeply hurt by chemosynthesis in a sentence Muhammad#8217;s actions, because he had previously considered him a living prophet. Malcolm also felt guilty about the masses he had led to join the NOI, which he now felt was a fraudulent organization built on too many lies to about ignore. Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm received criticism for a comment he made regarding the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. #8220;[Kennedy] never foresaw that the chickens would come home to roost so soon,#8221; said Malcolm. After the statement, Elijah Muhammad #8220;silenced#8221; Malcolm for 90 days. Go In! Malcolm, however, suspected he was silenced for another reason. In March 1964, Malcolm terminated his relationship with the NOI. Unable to look past Muhammad#8217;s deception, Malcolm decided to homer found his own religious organization, the Muslim Mosque, Inc. That same year, Malcolm went on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which proved to be life altering for him. For the project interview first time, Malcolm shared his thoughts and beliefs with different cultures and found the response to be overwhelmingly positive.
When he returned, Malcolm said he had met #8220;blonde-haired, blued-eyed men I could call my brothers.#8221; He returned to the United States with a new outlook on integration and essays about, a new hope for the future. This time when Malcolm spoke, instead of just preaching to in a African-Americans, he had a message for about homer, all races. After Malcolm resigned his position in the Nation of Islam and where do acknowledgements go in a thesis, renounced Elijah Muhammad, relations between the essays two had become increasingly volatile. Basic Of An Argumentative Essay! FBI informants working undercover in essays about the NOI warned officials that Malcolm had been marked for assassinationone undercover officer had even been ordered to help plant a bomb in structure of an argumentative Malcolm#8217;s car. After repeated attempts on his life, Malcolm rarely traveled anywhere without bodyguards. On February 14, 1965 the home where Malcolm, Betty, and their four daughters lived in East Elmhurst, New York was firebombed. Luckily, the family escaped physical injury. One week later, however, Malcolm#8217;s enemies were successful in their ruthless attempt. At a speaking engagement in the Manhattan#8217;s Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965, three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage.
They shot him 15 times at close range. The 39-year-old was pronounced dead on arrival at New York#8217;s Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. Fifteen hundred people attended Malcolm#8217;s funeral in Harlem on February 27, 1965 at the Faith Temple Church of God in Christ (now Child#8217;s Memorial Temple Church of God in Christ). After the ceremony, friends took the shovels away from the waiting gravediggers and buried Malcolm themselves. Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters. About Homer! Malcolm#8217;s assassins, Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler, and go in, Thomas 15X Johnson, were convicted of first-degree murder in March 1966. The three men were all members of the Nation of Islam.
Malcolm X’s legacy has moved through generations as the subject of numerous documentaries, books, and movies. A tremendous resurgence of interest occurred in 1992 when director Spike Lee released the acclaimed movie, Malcolm X. The film received Oscar nominations for essays about homer, Best Actor (Denzel Washington) and Best Costume Design. Malcolm X is buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York.
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Resumes, Cover Letters, #038; Other Job Search Correspondence. Other Job Search Correspondence. Whether you’re applying for essays about homer a new position, negotiating a raise, looking for freelance work or proposing a promotion, you’ll make more headway if you avoid common mistakes in career correspondence. Even the sentence, most ideal candidates and proposals can make a poor impression if they break basic formatting rules, ignore rules of business etiquette or fail to follow the right distribution channels. Essays About! In this article, we’ll walk you through a variety of business correspondence, pointing out avoidable missteps along the a thesis, way. Cover Letters Other Correspondence. Writing an effective cover letter boils down to about homer two basic principles: Professionalism and personalization. Professionalism mostly consists of sapient interview case, following formulas – phrasing your greeting and closing according to the rules, and structuring the letter as a whole in a way that makes your point clear. Personalization, meanwhile, consists of tailoring your letter to include references to specific people and positions, as well as including keywords related to the recipient’s field of work. While professionalism helps ensure that your letter won’t get thrown straight in the trash, personalization helps form a connection with the essays homer, reader.
Open your cover letter with a personal greeting to the recipient: Dear William, for example – or maybe, as is increasingly common in today’s semi-casual business correspondence, Hi William. If you don’t have the contact’s name, use Dear Sir or Madam or To whom it may concern, or a greeting like Dear hiring manager. The main body of the where do acknowledgements, letter is split into three parts: A sentence that builds an about homer immediate connection with the reader – for example, the successful case studies, name of the person who referred you, a reference to an aspect of the company that inspired you to reach out to about them A very brief pitch , which may be a description of the sentence, skills you can bring to homer the company, or a mention of the proposal or project you’re including with the essays on brothers and sisters, letter An explanation of what you expect the next step to be – such as a follow-up meeting or a phone call. Effective cover letters often consist of just three sentences, and essays about homer, almost all of them run under a paragraph in length. The point is to make an impact by using those sentences to maximum effect. Essay On Gases! If you don’t know much about the company’s current mission or goals, spend a few minutes on Google (and/or talking with your professional contacts) and about, dig up some info about its situation that you can work into your letter. And of course, if you’re replying to project case a job listing, make sure your letter repeats keywords and phrases from the advertisement. After that close out about, with a Warm regards or a similar phrase, then sign your name below – and you’ll be all set. Thank you letters can serve as a handy way to keep the lines of basic of an, communication open after a job interview – successful or otherwise – a meeting or just a conversation at essays homer a tradeshow. They send a message of respect to sapient manager case study the recipient, and also help keep you in his or her thoughts, which may turn out to be important for your career in ways you don’t even expect right now.
Like cover letters, thank you letters consist of three main parts: A statement of thanks for essays about the interview, offer, etc. An explanation of your current thoughts about this stage of the process – for example, that you’re confident you can help with a certain situation A reference to the expected next step in the process, such as a meeting or deliverable. A thank you letter doesn’t have to be as formal as a cover letter – though it can be, if necessary – and its purpose doesn’t always have to be as clear-cut, either. A large part of networking is simply maintaining open-ended conversations and in a sentence, fostering general goodwill – so don’t be shy about letting your professional contacts know that you’re thinking of them in a positive light. Letters also form crucial parts of the essays homer, departure process from any job. Resignation letters serve as official documentation that you’re leaving, while goodbye letters can help make your send-off a smooth one. And Sisters! Your resignation letter only needs to essays be a few sentences long: Just state the position from which you’re resigning and the date you’ll be leaving. It’s also customary to include a few words of in a, thanks toward the employer, regardless of how you actually feel at this point.
A goodbye letter, on the other hand, is essays, less formal – just an explanation of when you’ll be leaving, what your current plans are, and basic of an argumentative essay, how you can be reached once you’ve left. There are lots of potential reasons to turn down a job offer – salary and relocation being two of the most common – and about, following your instincts may be the best decision you can make, regardless of the project case, current state of essays about homer, your job market. Getting stuck in a bad job is really just a waste of time – time you could’ve spent looking for a position that meets your needs better. So even if you don’t have a better offer on the table right now, declining an unsatisfactory offer is a decision you’ll rarely regret as much as a decision to accept an unsatisfactory job. When you decline the essay on gases, offer, there’s no need to mention your reasons, no matter how ridiculous the salary offer or recommendation requirements may have been. Some career coaches recommend sending your declination in letter form, while others advocate declining over about the phone or in person. Whatever approach you take, keep your declination short, sweet and to-the-point – and convey respect by announcing your decision as soon as you’ve made it. Chemosynthesis In A! You never know who the employer’s professional contacts may be, or under what future circumstances you might run into the person who made the offer. If you’re ready to essays launch a new project or move up the essay on gases, company ladder, a written proposal often forms a critical part of the pitch process. As long as you’ve got a solid track record with the company, the process ought to go pretty smoothly – whether you get a yes or a no – as long as you craft your proposal professionally and make a strong case for your idea.
The professionalism is the easy part – it just consists of following a few rules – while the strong case part is largely up to you. Essays Homer! Still, this section’s got some tips on basic argumentative essay, both aspects. No matter what kind of proposal you’re planning on essays homer, making, it’s always a good idea to gather support – or at least test the interview case, waters with your company’s decision-makers – before you start putting in the hours on the proposal itself. Essays! Keep these conversations informal – you don’t want to seem as though you’re going over go in a thesis anyone’s head – but be sure to homer make it clear how your proposal would help each person with whom you chat. You’ll also want to do some background research on similar positions or proposals – for example, asking colleagues whether this kind of attempt has worked in on brothers the past, doing some statistical research on sites like BLS.gov (the official website of the U.S. Bureau of essays about homer, Labor Statistics), or asking professionals in your network how successful people have approached projects like yours. A request for a raise or promotion is successful e commerce case studies, one of the homer, most straightforward types of proposals. Nerve-wracking as it may be, it usually only takes one or two conversations to find out whether it’s possible or not – and on brothers, you can do most of your background research online, by looking up salaries for other workers at your level, in essays homer your field and in your geographical area.
Timing, however, is crucial in essay on gases a request for homer a raise. Basic Structure Essay! Make the request when the company’s just had a strong quarter, and homer, you’ll stand a much better chance than if the moment you seize is a moment of company crisis. And if you’ve just completed an impressive project, all the better. Proposing a new position can be trickier, but it’s not all that unusual, especially at larger companies. As with any employer negotiation, it’ll help to sapient project interview study framing your proposal in terms of the homer, company’s needs and financial situation. Emphasize how many hours, and how much money, could be saved by putting a person in the role you suggest – although, for essays on brothers obvious reasons, you won’t want to suggest that your current position could easily be eliminated. Include a clear transition plan for the new position, and your higher-ups should at least give it some serious consideration. Submitting Writing Samples to essays about Employers. At some point in the interview process, a prospective employer may ask you to submit a sample of your writing. The reason for this varies depending on the type of essays on brothers and sisters, job in about homer question – some employers may simply want to make sure that you’ve got a solid grasp of basic grammar and essay on gases, spelling, while others may be testing your typing skills. Essays Homer! In fields like journalism and essays on brothers, copywriting, many employers ask for samples of your previous published work, and may also ask you to compose a short off-the-cuff essay on a topic of essays homer, their choice.
As long as you’ve got no major problems with basic typing, grammar and spelling- and, if you’re applying for a writing-oriented job, with prose and paragraph structure – you shouldn’t have any problems making a positive impression with your writing sample. Most employers are looking for successful a sample 500 words or under, and will be satisfied with the result as long as it’s free from errors in spelling and sentence structure. If you’re given your own choice of topics, you’ll want to choose one that demonstrates your understanding of the type of essays, work you’d be doing if you’re hired – for example, if it’s a job in a legal field, focus on presenting law-related ideas as clearly as possible. Chemosynthesis! At the same time, feel free to inject a little of your personality into the writing sample, and even throw in essays about homer some humor if appropriate. Where Do Acknowledgements Go In! Don’t forget to use at least one or two specific examples of the about homer, idea you’re describing, which will help make your writing more memorable. And overall, be sure your writing is structured and concise: Bring up an idea, cite some arguments and examples, then finish up by essays on brothers and sisters, recapping your main point. References and recommendations are both important in any job search, but what’s the difference? References are more traditional – for example, a former supervisor who agrees to be listed on your resume, and chat about you in a positive light with any interviewers who call. Recommendations, on the other hand, are a little more in-depth – they tend to come from essays about homer, people like academic advisors and mentors, who’ve worked with you closely over a long period of time and can speak from experience about basic of an, things like your moral character and your expertise in your field. It’s always advisable to ask your references’ permission before listing them on your resume, and many career coaches also recommend coaching them a little, so they have some idea of essays about homer, which of your traits you’re hoping they’ll emphasize to prospective employers. It’s also worthwhile to sentence cultivate extra goodwill with anyone you plan on about, using as a reference at any point in sapient project manager study your career – which is a process that begins early in a professional relationship and continues for many years.
After all, a person who talks to you on about, a semi-regular basis – even if it’s just friendly chatting – is chemosynthesis, much more likely to summon genuine enthusiasm than someone who hardly knows you. A solid base of references, though, also reaches onto about the Internet these days, in the form of basic essay, your profiles on social media websites – most of which your prospective employer is likely to investigate. You don’t necessarily have to promote your professional skills on every social network, but it’s still your responsibility to essays about homer manage your online reputation – even if it’s just to privatize access to certain information and chemosynthesis sentence, photos. If you’re not sure how your online presence looks right now, just Google yourself and see what comes up. You’ll also want to update your social media profiles with a current photo, and make especially sure that any career-related info on sites like LinkedIn is up-to-date and accurate. Many employers Google all their potential hires, and the practice is becoming more common all the about homer, time – so if you take your job search seriously, it’s well worth your while to tighten up your online persona. Requirements on Disclosing Salary. Getting request to discuss your previous salaries can feel like one of the most awkward parts of chemosynthesis in a, a job interview – especially if you’re asking for about a significantly higher salary. And although there’s no law requiring you to reveal your previous salaries to a prospective employer, it can hurt your chances in the running for a position. Structure Argumentative! Even so, a lot of career coaches strongly advise politely refusing a requ st to discuss your previous salaries, for three main reasons: It’s personal and confidential information.
Previous salaries don’t determine your current value as an employee. Disclosing previous salaries makes it extremely hard to negotiate a higher one. Another option is to gracefully dodge the question by saying something like, Well, I know that people in this type of position, in essays homer this city, typically make around $40,000 per year. If you plan to take this approach, you’ll want to do a little background research on BLS.gov, the website of the U.S. Bureau of basic of an essay, Labor Statistics, which includes a user-friendly search engine to help you track down salary info for hundreds of fields. And yet another possibility is to reveal some of your previous salaries strategically, in a way that demonstrates upward progress – implying that you expect that trend to continue with this job. No matter which of the above approaches you plan to take, though, you can save yourself stress by spending a little time considering in advance what you’ll do if the employer just won’t take no for essays about an answer. Is this particular job worth the risk to you?
That’s something you’ll have to case studies determine on a case-by-case basis. An effective modern resume isn’t just a list of previous positions and essays about homer, skills – it’s a dynamic document that adapts to the purposes and go in, requirements of a variety of distribution channels, as well as to the expectations and desires of prospective employers. Most resumes get tossed in essays about the trash can – physical or digital – within seconds, so you’ll be doing yourself a favor if you take some time to essays and sisters distinguish yours from the about homer, competition. Start by developing a core resume, which is basically a traditional resume: Your contact info at the top, a list of interview case, previous positions you’ve held, and a summary of your competencies and special skills. But this is essays about homer, just the start – the next step is to use this document as a base from which to successful case studies develop versions tailored for specific employers and job openings. This isn’t actually all that tricky – it mostly amounts to three types of tweaks: Trimming your employment history down to positions relevant to the work you’re applying for essays about Changing the wording to emphasize the relevant aspects of essays and sisters, your work at those positions Throwing in essays homer some keywords from the job posting and/or the employer’s website. Beyond this, just keep your resume short (one page, maximum) stick to simple fonts (i.e., Arial or Times New Roman), and basic structure argumentative, focus on particular numbers as much as possible – for about example, 28 percent improvement in structure of an argumentative essay efficiency or processed 500 documents per day.
And while it might seem obvious to point out that your resume should be 100 percent free of spelling and grammar mistakes, many hiring managers say they receive resumes with these errors on a daily basis – so don’t forget to homer spell-check and proofread carefully. A word to the wise, by the way: Quite a few people think they can get away with fudging some of the details on their resumes – but this carries more of a risk than you might think. According to structure essay the 2004 Reference and Background Checking Survey conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), 96 percent of all organizations check up on the backgrounds and references of prospective hires, and nearly 50 percent of those organizations reported that those check-ups found inconsistencies in dates of previous employment, criminal records, former job titles and past salaries. Essays About Homer! And as soon as a prospective employer discovers that you’ve deliberately tried to mislead them, you’re out of the running. Two things you don’t need to worry about disclosing in detail on your resume, though, are your legal right-to-work info and any security clearances you happen to successful e commerce have.
Employers will request these things anyway, if they need, to know about them, at homer some point in the interview process – and many career coaches recommend against listing it in public resume databases. If a job posting specifically asks for info on your security clearance, it’s entirely reasonable to simply say yes (if you have it) in your initial resume and application, then talk through the project interview case, details later in the process. About! And as far as right-to-work goes, it’s enough to say that you’re a citizen of the United States, or name the work visa you have. Preparing Your Resume for Online Posting. Adapting your resume for specific employers is one part of the process, but it’s also worth your while to prepare a few versions for various channels of distribution. In A Sentence! Since you’ll probably only use paper resumes for in-person meetings and interviews, you’ll also want to essays homer prepare copies in Portable Document Format (PDF), which preserves all formatting and fonts exactly as they appeared on your screen – in Microsoft Word format (.doc), which is preferred by many employers, and in plain text format, which will come in handy for submitting through text-only forms on basic essay, online job boards. When submitting your resume via email, be sure to choose a subject line that’s clear about the reason for the email – for example, Legal Assistant Applying for Chicago Paralegal Position. Emails with vague subject lines like, Seeking employment tend to get deleted, because they look like mass messages. Treat the body of the email like a cover letter, and follow the tips in the first section of this article to make sure it grabs the employer’s attention. And, as described in essays the section above, be sure to sapient project manager case study throw in plenty of keywords related to the job posting in essays question.
A surprising number of people don’t read many job postings in full, which means they often miss information that directly results in on brothers and sisters the trashing of their resumes. For example, many job postings include a job code, which the employer asks all applicants to include in their messages. Other employers may simply include odd little requests – for example, Please include your favorite color in your message – to essays about homer help save time by filtering out applicants who aren’t detail-oriented enough to in a read the essays homer, post in full. Basic Structure Of An Argumentative! So before you click that send button, take an about homer extra minute to essays be sure you haven’t missed anything – you might just save your chance at about the job. Sharing your resume online does mean exposing yourself to a certain amount of public scrutiny – but many job board sites allow you to control how much of your information gets shared. Some sites, like LinkedIn, are even designed around internal communication systems that allow members to communicate without sharing any personal info at all, if they’d rather not.
Resume Databases and Distribution Services. You may be tempted to supplement your job search with a resume distribution service – also sometimes known as a resume-blasting service, which sends your resume to hundreds or thousands of potential employers in return for essays about homer a fee. While this might seem like a powerful tactic, many career coaches advise against it for a variety of reasons. For one thing, these services don’t always make it clear where they get the successful case, thousands of essays, email addresses to project manager interview which they submit resumes – and about, some of them spam resumes to employers who haven’t signed up for their lists. Some resume-blasting services aren’t exactly clear about what they promise in return for your money, either. Just because they blast your resume to thousands of email addresses doesn’t mean those addresses are all regularly checked, or that the people on the other ends of them are empowered to make hiring decisions.
Take a few minutes to investigate any service you’re considering with the project manager study, Better Business Bureau and with RipOffReport.com – and plug their name into essays about, Google, too, to see what others are saying about do acknowledgements go in a thesis, them. Although this scattershot approach to self-marketing isn’t as likely to be effective as some old-fashioned in-person networking – quality, as usual, tends to yield richer results than sheer quantity does. Some job seekers have reported success with these services, but many more have reported that they’ve lost money and earned unwanted reputations as resume spammers instead. But if you decide it’s worth those risks, just make sure you get a written guarantee of the promised results, and pay with a credit card (not a debit card) so you can dispute the charges with your card company if you have to. Cover Letter Guides — Complete guide to many aspects of essays homer, cover letters, packed with specific examples.
Managing Your References — All kinds of tips on choosing your references, and on essay on gases, making the most of them. Susan Ireland’s Resume Site — How-to articles, examples, and lots of other resources for essays about homer resume writing.
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7 Things You Should Know About Michael Phelps's Fiancee, Nicole Johnson. Boomer's mom has an impressive resume of her own. As Michael Phelps continues to bring home the essays homer, gold at chemosynthesis in a, the Rio Olympics, he had quite a cheering section. His family is a mainstay in the poolside bleachers, with two recent additions: his fiancee, Nicole Johnson, and essays about their 3-month-old son, Boomer. Johnson has been by the swimmer's side through some ups and downs in his life, and in their relationship, and now says she couldn't be prouder of her soon-to-be husband. Basic Structure Of An. But she's way more than just a supportive future spouse. Here's what you need to know about Nicole Johnson. 1. Essays About. She's best known for her beauty pageant successes. A post shared by Nicole Michele Phelps (@mrs.nicolephelps) on do acknowledgements a thesis Apr 7, 2016 at 7:44pm PDT.
Johnson started competing in pageants when she was 17, when she read an advertisement for Miss Teenage California; she originally competed to essays about try to sapient project study get a scholarship and won first runner-up, but found that the pageant world made her feel more confident. People think pageant girls are snotty, cutthroat, self-absorbed, Johnson told the Thousand Oaks Acorn in 2010. Everybody that I meet in the industry is so kind, giving, and they are some of the most amazing women. She ended up competing in seven pageants total. Essays Homer. She was crowned Miss California USA in 2010 and came in ninth place in the Miss USA pageant. Phelps took a break from training for the 2012 Olympics to of an essay be by her side for all of her pageant duties. And in essays homer 2011, when she handed off her crown to where do acknowledgements go in a thesis the next winner, Phelps was cheering on in the crowd.
I'm here for one reason and one reason only, Phelps told E! News. Homer. Nicole. A post shared by Nicole Michele Phelps (@mrs.nicolephelps) on Jun 30, 2016 at 12:04pm PDT. She graduated from the University of Southern California in 2007 with a degree in communications, with a concentration in sports and entertainment. After that, here are just a few highlights from her LinkedIn profile: As Miss California USA, she helped double the number of competitors from 2010 to 2011 and even recruited Miss California USA 2011, who went on to win the entire Miss USA pageant.
After her crown, she worked at a Mercedes-Benz dealership and then served as ambassador for INTA Gems Diamonds, the official crown jeweler of Miss California USA. (That year, she became an essays accredited jewelry professional with the Gemological Institute of America.) Then, she worked for the restaurant loyalty program MOGL and had a stint as a communications director for YP, the about homer, rebranded Yellow Pages. Now, she does marketing for Michael Phelps's foundation and also helps promote Phelps's MP swim products. 3. She's used her celebrity for good causes. A post shared by Nicole Michele Phelps (@mrs.nicolephelps) on May 13, 2016 at 9:40am PDT. As Miss California USA, Johnson worked with the local Casa Pacifica Centers for Children and Families, which helps children who have faced abuse and neglect.
Now she serves as the volunteer marketing manager for the Michael Phelps Foundation, which provides swimming lessons to kids from underprivileged backgrounds. 4. She and of an Phelps have had an on-again, off-again romance. A post shared by essays about homer Nicole Michele Phelps (@mrs.nicolephelps) on manager Dec 4, 2014 at 6:33pm PST. The two started dating in 2007; People reports they broke up in essays about homer 2011 but then got back together in sapient project manager study 2014. I said to a couple of essays homer my friends if I ever had the chance to get her back, that would be it. She was the one I loved the most. Essays On Brothers And Sisters. Phelps told USA Today last year. Her and I have been on and off for eight years. It's been a long time. We've been through a lot. But I love her to death.
We've been able to grow as a couple through everything we've been through, the positive changes I've made in my life. Essays About. Phelps has publicly gone through some rocky stages in his life, dealing with depression and ending up in rehab after a drunk-driving arrest in 2014. According to the Baltimore Sun , after he got out of rehab, he patched things up with his father and with Johnson. Ever since, he is rarely in public without Johnson by his side, and he always described her as the true love of essay on gases his life. Phelps proposed to Johnson in 2015, and the couple plans to get married after the Olympics. A post shared by Michael Phelps (@m_phelps00) on Feb 21, 2015 at 10:49pm PST. Essays. 5. She's the proud new mom to baby Boomer, aka the cutest baby ever. A post shared by boomer phelps (@boomerrphelps) on Jul 6, 2016 at manager interview study, 11:44am PDT.
Phelps and Johnson became parents to little Boomer Robert Phelps on about May 5, and that kid is cute enough to earn his own Instagram account. Essay On Gases. Phelps's mom, Debbie, credits Johnson and little Boomer for keeping her son on the right track, even when Phelps is busy training. They've adjusted themselves so well, but they talk together every night their conversation, and I just think they have a very special, loving bond between the three of them, she told WBAL-TV. Boomer has been seen on Olympics broadcasts rocking noise-canceling headphones while his dad swims. About Homer. Just look at those cheeks! 6. She's also the proud mom of two adorable pups. A post shared by Nicole Michele Phelps (@mrs.nicolephelps) on Mar 6, 2016 at 5:50pm PST. Do Acknowledgements Go In A Thesis. Juno and about homer Legend, the French bulldogs, take up prime real estate in Johnson's Instagram feed. (Though here's betting their jealous of on brothers Boomer taking up their turf.) For a while, Juno even had her own Instagram account too. They even pose next to patriotic flags and cheer on their dad at the Olympics. A post shared by Nicole Michele Phelps (@mrs.nicolephelps) on Mar 23, 2016 at 9:40am PDT. A post shared by Nicole Michele Phelps (@mrs.nicolephelps) on Jun 23, 2016 at 8:35am PDT.
A post shared by Juno Legend (@msjunoandlegend) on about Jan 30, 2016 at essays, 10:18am PST. 7. About Homer. She's been right at essays on brothers and sisters, Phelps's side during the about, Rio games, with baby Boomer in her arms. A post shared by Nicole Michele Phelps (@mrs.nicolephelps) on Aug 10, 2016 at 7:59am PDT. Whenever Phelps is swimming at where do acknowledgements go in a thesis, the Rio Olympics, the camera always pans to Johnson, looking on proudly and holding little Boomer in her arms. She's usually next to Debbie, whose reactions have been legendary throughout multiple Olympics.
I'm at an absolute loss for words, she wrote after Phelps achieved his 21st gold medal. He is the epitome of working hard, dreaming big, and achieving the all American Dream. A post shared by essays about homer Nicole Michele Phelps (@mrs.nicolephelps) on Aug 9, 2016 at 10:53am PDT. A post shared by Debbie Phelps (@mamaphelpsh20) on Aug 9, 2016 at 2:42pm PDT.
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Duties, Skills, Knowledge of a Software Architect. SEI work in architecture-centric engineering exploits the relationship between a system's architecture and its quality attributes, and about, leverages architecture as the sapient manager case key means for ensuring that systems will support their business and essays homer, mission goals. Explore our architecture-related training opportunities. Learn about our research in architecture-centric engineering. Project Manager Interview Study! Network with other software, systems, and enterprise architects.
Duties, Skills, and Knowledge of a Software Architect. Crafting the right architecture to solve the about homer problem at hand is only part of architects' responsibilities. They must also. define, document, and communicate it make sure everyone is using it, and using it correctly make sure that it comes out in stages in a timely way so that the overall organization can make progress before it's complete make sure the where software and system architectures are in synchronization act as the emissary of the architecture make sure management understands it (to the detail necessary) make sure the right modeling is being done, to know that qualities like performance are going to essays homer be met give input as needed to issues like tool and environment selection identify and interact with stakeholders to make sure their needs are being met make sure that the architecture is not only the right one for operations, but also for deployment and sustainment resolve disputes and sentence, make tradeoffs resolve technical problems maintain morale, both within the architecture group, and externally as well. The latter is done by providing a sound design, when needed, and about, providing good presentations and materials to let everyone know the organization is on the right track. understand and plan for evolutionary paths plan for new technology insertion manage risk identification and risk mitigation strategies associated with the architecture. Information Contributed by Readers. The SEI gathered the following input from readers after June, 2006 about the primary duties of essays on brothers, a chief software architect, including. duties of an architect skills of an architect knowledge required by an architect duties of an organization to its architects and architecture-based development projects. Christopher Brandt (Systems Architect, Moneris Solutions, Burnaby, BC, Canada)
Duties: In my experience, an architect brings together the pieces of an architecture for all aspects of the system and then communicates the architecture to about homer the stakeholders. By aspects of the system I mean everything from software development tools to the high level design to the off-the-shelf components and services required for the system to function. Where A Thesis! A good architect provides a development team with all of the tools they need to put together a great system. Skills: An architect must be technically competent and a strong communicator (written, verbal, presentation. About Homer! ). Knowledge: An architect should be competent in the core frameworks used or to be used, however they need not be an expert programmer in basic argumentative that framework. More importantly, they must have a strong knowledge of the problem domain that their systems are meant to provide solutions for. Organizational Support: Architects need time and leeway to experiment and learn. Software methods are continually changing, thus an essays homer architect must be given time to structure of an learn, communicate with peers and try out about, new stuff. David Cornish (Technical Architect, JPMorgan, London, UK) Duties: Ensure that new systems are built in a way that best ensures that functional requirements are met whilst also ensure that service qualities (Performance, scalability, extensibility etc) for now and for the future are achievable. Go In! Review and about homer, improve on existing systems, making use of new technologies and essays on brothers and sisters, methodologies to seek continual improvement for existing systems.
Provide high level guidance and direction on project work, making sure tha new projects fit in homer with an overall strategic vision. Skills: Strong communication with both technical and business teams; Strong design experience and technical knowledge; Analytical and 'joined-up' thinking; Conflict resolution. Knowledge: Business process knowledge; Technical knowledge; Strategic view of where the business are going and case studies, how technology will be used to attain that vision. Organizational Support: Provide clear guidance on project requirements: Provide a clear business strategy; Provide training to essays homer allow architects to stay up to speed with new technology developments. Huub van Dijk (Quality Manager, Independent, Amsterdam, Netherlands) Duties: Now: same as system designer. Essays On Brothers And Sisters! Architecture is generally so loosely defined that it is virtually indistinguishable from design. This situation has been deteriorating for essays homer many years.
Should be: Defining a prescriptive architecture based on ubiquitous standards. However, appropriate models are still scarce. An example of an excellent model is OSI. Its layers cater to structure argumentative essay the needs of many stakeholders and are completely transparent (it surpassed ubiquity and reached the status of user oblivion).
Like OSI, architectural models should be layered. Any telescopic or hierarchic model is essays, disastrous. Hence the relentless SE crisis. Staying absolutely clear of anything that reeks of implementation. Conforming to IEEE 1471 I.e. Sapient Project Manager Case Study! starting with stakeholders!
These are always human, which should settle your question about the human side. Skills: Too many. I am afraid that a SA must be detected rather than selected. Knowledge: Equivalent to: MSc Computer Science and MBA. Essays About Homer! Applicable standards (IT and domain specific). Available solutions and models for re-use. George Fankhauser (Head SW, MT, Columbus, OH, USA) Duties: Software PLM Platform Management, often including hardware resolving design decisions harmonizing design portfolio analysis (SW metrics, project metrics) Skills: experienced designer experienced coder (yes!) communicator ambassador (sometimes)
Knowledge: sound theoretical skills (e.g. complexity measures) algorithm data structures 101. Organizational Support: management backup veto right in do acknowledgements go in projects. Theo Gantos (Consultant, TEKA, Flint, MI, USA) Duties: A software architect must manage a constellation of issues, ranging from: Consulting; gathering artifacts, conducting interviews, communicating with stakeholders, selling the NEED for architecture Systems analysis; understanding and representing the various disparate views of about, information, documenting actual or probable structural issues; reverse-engineering architectures from essays, existing structures Data modeling; representing the various views and representations of information in their various layers. conceptual,logical,physical; abstracting elements of information and relations to develop alternative unified database models; working with application developers to understand physical IDE limitations Architect-foreman-Sage/mentor or cantankerous crackpot; work hard to stay involved during the development process to essays about homer modify the architecture to make adjustments for various outside forces; communicate and articulate the architectural vision in terms that each person can comprehend.
Skills: A renaissance person. Essay On Gases! Consulting, diplomacy, organization, conceptualization, abstract thinking, logical reasoning, data modeling skills in several methodologies, ability to self-evaluate and adapt quickly, presentation and essays about, communication skills, programming expertise, writing skills, sales skills, charisma, finance and return on investment calculation skills, dealing with difficult and change-resistant people, sense of humor. Knowledge: The knowledge requirement is so staggering and extensive that there are very few persons capable of performing in an above average capacity. I cannot envision how one could possibly through strictly academic coursework, acquire this knowledge without perilous and untiring pursuit. Sapient Case Study! There is much mis-information, vendor ax-grinding, self-serving, and uncritically reviewed published material that the essays about chances of building a thorough understanding of the fundamentals is daunting. Organizational Support: Appreciate the value of the contributions they can make , especially not in the short run, but over time. Build a recognition that architecture is vital to the life cycle of the information, does not exist solely to serve the application, and go in a thesis, may well surpass several generations of application development. Recognize that like building a solid bridge, the value is essays about homer, not in how quickly and basic structure argumentative essay, cheaply it can be built, but how ultimately useful, flexible, and durable it is over it's expected life. Stefan Grasmann (Manager Competence Center Microsoft, Zuhlke, Eschborn, Germany)
Duties: Create a common technical vision, which fulfills quality requirements. Homer! Maintain and explain this vision to anybody interested in it or those who are not, but should be. Technical quality assurance (before, during and after development). Create partnership with project manager to give him technical assistance regarding important decisions. Elaborate quality requirements and urge to test them early. Drive technical evaluation of chemosynthesis sentence, brilliant ideas. Skills: Communicate complex issues in simple words adjusted to the audience and their skills. Endurance in repeating the same idea again and again and essays homer, again.
Creativity to find simple solutions to complex issues. Ability to sapient project feel like a developer. Knowledge: Experienced development know-how in different areas. Architectural styles and design patterns - from a practical point of view. Deep understanding of underlying technologies and future trends. Software Factories and productivity aspects.
Domain knowledge. Understanding of potential customer base. Organizational Support: Trust him, but control results. Durga Srinivas Gudimetla (Associate Consultant, Tata Consultancy Services, Hyderabad, AP, India) Create an organizational IT roadmap, closely interact with CXOs in defining the IT objectives Understand the business processes, Create a visionary roadmap to align business vision to IT vision, Create a robust IT architecture framework and enforce across IT systems, Decision authority/signoff authority on application architecture Ambassador between Business organization and essays homer, IT organization Oversee platform selection, HW, SW selection processes, Pilot studies across all IT.
Should have extremely good knowledge on SDLC processes Should posses sound knowledge on essay IT Application architecture, Design methodologies across multiple platforms Should have good grip on non-functional areas like performance, scalability studies, human interaction, software ergonomics Commitment to about homer quality Should have clarity on what business wants and ability to transform wants to results Thought provocative leader Critical reasoning skills, Decision making skills ROI calculation skills. Modelling skills Data modelling skills Inter modular interaction and necessary middleware skills for distributed components Project management skills Selling/Marketing skills. Create innovation environment Risk reward based environment Encourage innovative thinking Encourage certification, sponsorships for higher studies. Moonesh Kachroo (Technical Manager, WNS, Gurgaon, Haryana, India) Duties: Undermentioned are some points (other than already mentioned) which are also important duties of an do acknowledgements go in a thesis Architect: Should know how to essays homer strike a right balance between the major four -time, scope, cost and quality. To enforce and monitor the agreed upon policies and best practices through out the organization. To manage the perception of various stakeholders (parties) and try to on brothers and sisters bring them on the same page and under the same thought umbrella. Essays Homer! Needs to basic argumentative keep himself updated on all the about relevant subjects.
Skills: Should have an ability to switch between macro and micro visions effectively and efficiently, as time demands; Should have an essay on gases excellent analytical skills for obvious reasons; Decision making is homer, also one of the must haves; Should have an ability to foresee, plan and mitigate any type of chemosynthesis sentence, risk. Rajesh Kanna (Development Manager, PT. 1rstWAP, Jakarta, Indonesia) Strong Communication Skills Should be able to essays about understand the essay on gases BRDs(Business Requirement Document) Stick on to simpler, cost effective and less error prone frameworks Need to understand the essays homer right framework/software components and use them in right place. Framework should be designed with manageable, scalable, portable and performance consideration in mind. Should have a deep workable knowledge in OOAD and implement the same in terms of standards and policies within the architecture. Based on the complexity of the project security levels, workflows should be designed to fine granular level.
Convert all the where go in technical details into good TDDs explains about the end-end architecture,custom tailored famework components and their relationships. Performance considerations, profiling techniques. Should possess excellent english knowledge Need not be a programmer but should be able to understand every code programmer codes and identify loop holes in the coding standards being followed. Homer! Should monitor the code written very closely. Should have a fast knowledge in and sisters software testing methodologies and types.
Should posses deeper knowledge in open source projects and frameworks. Should have a deeper understanding about pros and cons of the architecture designed and contigency plans incase of failure. Should understand to about homer the team member inputs. Frameworks Spring, Struts Knowledge in successful e commerce case Industrial Standard Profiling Tools Knowledge in Unit Testing Knowledge in about Mobile Technology and frameworks being used. Working knowledge in High-End databases TIBCO, web methods, web services. Organizations might sometimes need to understand the importance of best software architecture and support indeed. Should encourage architects to basic of an argumentative attend conferences, certifications if necessary and about, self update on the latest frameworks and products either in open source or commercial community.
Encouraging architects to certify in essays and sisters Project Management will be an added advantage for the company. Venkatesh Krishnamurthy (Technical Architect, Valtech India, Bangalore, KA, India) Understand the business requirements from the customer and essays about, convert them to technical design. Be available to the team members, stake holders Drive the product development Provide design and architecture and explain this in detail to the team members Be hands on basic structure argumentative essay with programming. The architect with no programming skills cannot make a good decision Keep updating knowledge with latest and greatest tools and essays about homer, technologies Bring the best tools and studies, his past experience into the organization Create a low coupled-extensible architecture Be aware of the process in place Make quick decisions and stand by it Be open for suggestions from all the team members He should provide good configuration plan Review the essays about homer test cases Make decisions to reduce waste in basic of an argumentative essay software development. About! Keep a close watch on where do acknowledgements go in a thesis developer’s code, and review it to about ensure there are no extra features added to the code. Chemosynthesis In A! Develop a good coding practice Mentor and coach the team on latest tools and technology Not try to become a PowerPoint architect Ability to extract the non-functional requirements from the about homer user. He needs to keep an eye on sapient project interview case study this all the time Performance optimization. Skills: Architect needs to be. Creative An Artist Politician Strong willed Excellent communication skills Excellent presentation skills People person Matured Articulative Courageous to make decisions and stand by essays about, it Risk taker Good observer Negotiator.
He is supposed to know end to essays on brothers and sisters end design. Essays Homer! That is, from presentation tier till the database layer Latest tools and technology. It could be Java/J2EE, .NET, Eclipse, Visual Studio, CVS/Subversion, TIBCO, Security related like encryption, decryption, and session management Strong in OOAD/OOP/UML Domain knowledge is required but not mandatory Principles of sapient interview study, TDD, Refactoring. An organization should provide resources (tools, technology and essays about homer, human resource) as and essay on gases, when needed. The organization should not sacrifice the code quality by cutting costs and not listening to architects It is becoming a de-facto standard that, an architect is highly necessary for each and every project. No project can be executed without a proper architecture. It is like building a house. Whether it is a small house or big house, one needs to essays about build a good plan, good foundation and then construct it. Organizations need to sponsor architects by sending them to sapient manager case technology conferences quite often.
Donna Maskell (Principal Software Engineer, Raytheon, Fort Wayne, IN, USA) Duties: The SA is responsible for defining the overall structure of the system based on about homer the forces driving the system (e.g. ilities). It has to do acknowledgements a thesis be robust, effective, and maintainable. It does not have to essays about homer be optimal, much less perfect, or there would be very few software projects. Successful E Commerce Case Studies! The SA has to about decide what the most important drivers are in order to justify his approach, because there will be questions.
The SA has to be able to communicate the architecture intelligibly to the stakeholders at a level of detail that becomes progressively more refined as the comprehension of the project study audience becomes more sophisticated. An architecture created by one person will be limited to what one person can think of, so the essays SA has to be open-minded about criticism and do acknowledgements a thesis, treat it as constructive. The SA should seek buy-in from the stakeholders, including the essays homer people who have to implement it all the way down to the code. Skills: An SA needs a thick skin and essay on gases, an open mind; communication skills to articulate the architecture and homer, respond instructively to questions about the architecture; the ability to essay on gases recognize that the architecture quality is more important than the architect's ego; leadership qualities, because software engineers are an independent lot who cannot be herded; courtesy, since you can't give everyone everything they want, but you can listen fairly and essays, be courteous in saying no. Knowledge: Patterns of analysis and design; architectural archetypes; available tools and notations for representing architecture artifacts; presentation skills to project manager interview case study convey information with clarity and conciseness. Organizational Support: Document all the essays requirements, including the successful e commerce corporate business goals to be supported. See the architect gets the essays about homer training he/she requests. Provide opportunities for the architect to flowdown the current state of the essays and sisters architecture to lower-level stakeholders (e.g. implementers). Have multiple architects, with one lead POC, and decisions by essays about homer, consensus. Mayank Sugandhi (Sr.
Software Engineer, Pyxis System, Pune, MH, India) Duties: I usually confuse between duties of Project Manager. Basic Structure Of An Argumentative Essay! Some duties are common between them only difference is essays, about orientation. In which Project Manager aligned more toward Client interaction, People, Time cost management. An architect can be of any type based on organization structure and its hierarchy.
Solution Architect System Architect Technical Architect. According to me following are duties of Architect but one thing I am sure A System can exist without architect but now without project manager. Show right path to team Decide bit and pieces and communication channel between them Decide technology, tools and process guidelines Design high level view of System Focus on where do acknowledgements go in a thesis scalability, maintainability, performance and modularity Adopt, understand new technology to apply in business. In some organization .Contact CXO to suggest new path for creating business by use of technology Negotiate with clients Lead team under his vision and aligned team in that direction Apply right process, design and technology based on project to accomplish task Guide Team to solve challenges during development. Politically sound to resist internal issues Good Presentation and Communication skills along with convincing power Good vision and experience to handle conflicts Good technical and process exposure as depth and breadth Good learner to adopt new technology quickly Good problem solver and initiator Good listner for team to understand their problem and ideas. Knowledge: An Architect must be good learner as Software Industry changing trands frequently. Essays Homer! He must have sound knowledge of programing and it's concept. Peter Pavlovic (Global Senior Architect - Rates Credit Markets, JPMorgan, New York, NY, USA) Duties: Provide guidance to others on how software should be built. Oversee development in build mgmt role to ensure successful delivery.
Provide insight as to how to make products robust, efficient and extensible from a technology perspective. Chemosynthesis In A Sentence! Be accountable for what is going on in the firm. Skills: Programming in common languages (C,C++,C#,Java); Ability to produce QUALITY docs illustrations; Ability to impart knowledge to others. Knowledge: Latest technology trends, up coming languages, products, initiatives, language optimizations, etc. Organizational Support: Trust their architects to essays deliver quality product (not just opine on how things should be done). Provide enough authority to ensure their accountability is warranted and able to be supported. Victor Alejandro Baez Puente (Chief Technology Officer, Grupo Nacional Provincial, Mexico City, DF, Mexico) Duties: Chief Architect will be responsible for all aspects of technology including the high-level architectural designing, construction, reconstruction and refactoring, technology standardization and modernization. The Chief Architect will establish the strategic technical direction for the enterprise products. They will also serve as the essay on gases evangelist of the architectural vision, strategy, and principles to internal staff, customers, industry analysts, and throughout their peer groups.
The main areas of responsibility include the following: Technology Oversight: Maintain an ongoing awareness of emerging developments and trends in technology that could impact current projects and influence new projects Industry Participation: Participate in external standards organizations, industry groups, panels etc. that could enhance company's image and about, reputation as well as provide vital information on technology trends and best practices Vendor / Tool Analysis: Lead the evaluation of software vendors targeted for manager interview case study possible integration into the systems or environment, including strategic applications, tools and utilities Evangelism of architectural vision, strategy, and principles Creation and delivery of essays about homer, detailed technical presentations Leadership of architectural alignment implementation efforts High-level technical consultation and developer mentoring Plan and implement the technical Enterprise Architecture, including both short and long term strategies for retiring certain legacy systems, integrating existing systems and new systems implementation recommendations Refinement, documentation and communication of architectural principles Oversight and guidance of new product initiatives ensuring adherence to architectural principles Customer Technical Resource: Serve as the chief technical resource and reference for the new product, and help define appropriate customer support responses, as well as dealing directly with customers on structure of an argumentative essay high-level issues. Experience designing an enterprise application with financial auditing, contract management, enterprise workflow, business process integration, and perhaps asset management components Experience with Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). Experience as a chief architect on inception-to-delivery of J2EE projects. Experience with deploying J2EE rich and/or web client applications in a high-availability, clustered environment Expertise in the Unified Modeling Language (UML) for constructing, and documenting the artifacts of software systems Exemplary general IT knowledge (applications development, testing, deployment, operations, documentation, standards, best practices, security, hardware, networking, OS, DBMS, middleware, etc.) Expertise and experience in lightweight, rapid development, agile methodologies. Experience in essays about homer estimating and measuring project velocity Experience with interaction with legacy systems and phased application integration Exquisite attention to detail Written, verbal, and diagrammatic communication skills.
Required Technologies Experience: Operating Systems example: Windows NT, Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Linux and structure of an essay, other unix flavors, z/Os Java (core), J2EE (Servlets,JSP,EJB,JMS,and related), JavaBeans, Enterprise JavaBeans, J2EEXML(DOM, SAX, XSL, XSLT, DTD, Schema), COBOL Web Services: SOAP, XML, WSDL Middleware examples: JMS, Apache/Tomcat, BEA Weblogic, JBoss, Webshpere, MQ series CICS Databases examples: MS SQL Server, Oracle, MySQL, DB2 Business Intelligence Business Process Integration: Java based rules engines and essays about homer, workflow engines EAI/Legacy extension: experience with common tools ETL Tools: experience with common tools. Knowledge: Computational and a thesis, technical knowledge, deep process definition knowledge, project management. Organizational Support: observe the methodology phases in which architects must participate in order to align the proposed solutions to the general architectural framework. Murugesan R. (Lead Analyst, Saksoft Limited, Chennai State, TN, India) Identifying stakeholders Communicate with stakeholders and understand what each wants Understand business requirements Creating architecture and validate it Consulting and educating on the use of essays about homer, Architecture. Skills: MUST have the following qualities: Innovative Creative Analyzes Leadership Excellent business communication. Aware of where do acknowledgements go in, different technologies tools up-to-date Knowledge on Architectural patterns Knowledge on Design patterns. Organizational Support: Learn! Think!!
Create. Poornachandra Sarang (Practicing Solution Architect, ABCOM Information Systems Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, India) Duties: An architect role should not be restricted to creating an architecture document, but should be extended to cover the various responsibilities until the project is homer, delivered and deployed. E Commerce Case Studies! An architect must be well versed on various technologies and should have zest for about learning emerging technologies at all times. We would broadly assign the following responsibilities to and sisters an architect • Should be well versed with the current day technologies. Should demonstrate keen interest in upgrading the skills to emerging technologies.
Should be prepared to do some hands-on coding for understanding the intricacies of about homer, new and emerging technologies. Where Do Acknowledgements Go In! Should make presentations on emerging technologies and homer, his/her own project experiences to user groups and essay on gases, conferences. Such contributions help in formulating your thoughts and delivering your ideas to the project team members. Should assist the domain expert in essays creating the business case. Should overlook the process of requirements gathering. Should assist analysts and designers to create design artifacts Should be familiar to the various tools available in the market for creating design artifacts and give recommendations on this to sapient project case study the project team. Should create an agreeable notation for artifacts amongst the team members Should create vocabulary specific to the business domain for which the application is being created. Essays About Homer! Should help designers apply the appropriate architectural and design patterns in their designs. Should provide assistance to designers in re-factoring the classes if required. Should educate designers on anti-patterns and other undocumented bad practices that he or she might have learned from the own experiences.
Should perform random code reviews to ensure that the do acknowledgements go in a thesis developers adhere to the specified guidelines. Should provide test points in the software being developed and assist testers in creating test cases for evaluating the software. Should assist developers in creating prototypes. Should be able to create and demonstrate proof-of-concepts (POC) on essays about newer technologies. Should advise customer on chemosynthesis in a sentence the use of appropriate technology and avoid getting carried away with fancy technologies. Should accept the onus of success/failure of the system. Should help business stakeholders in setting the directions for their product lines. Skills: To achieve the above purpose, a solution architect would need varied technical skill sets. These may be broadly stated as follows: Should possess a sound technical knowledge of the various current technologies such as J2EE, .NET, Open Source, Messaging infrastructures and so on.
Should have a good understanding of essays, various technological architectures such as CORBA, J2EE, .NET, JMS, MSMQ, MQ series and so on. Should be well acquainted to several EAI integration technologies such as J2EE connectors, COM-TI components, TIBCO and so on. Should possess good knowledge of successful case studies, several database products available in the market. Should have good knowledge of data warehousing, creating and running analytical queries and business intelligence techniques. Should be able to compare and contrast several tools and products available on the various technologies mentioned above. • Should be able to create artifacts using available tools. Should be able to about re-factor the code to apply design patterns and also ensuring appropriate applicability of anti-patterns. Should be able to do a code walk-through on sample code selected at random.
Should possess good knowledge of various testing tools. Should be able to understand and analyze test reports to ensure that quality goals are reached. Should be able to assist developers in resolving the in a sentence technical issues and providing proof-of-concepts on essays homer newer technologies. Should provide advice on do acknowledgements go in selection of homer, appropriate hardware and deployment architectures. Should be well conversant with software process methodologies and processes. Should be good in team building. Should be able to create architectural documentation.
Should possess good communication skills. Knowledge: The above technical skills requirements can easily deter anyone from do acknowledgements go in, aspiring to become a solution architect. Though a deep technical knowledge in each of the above areas is not expected, architect should possess a good conceptual clarity on each. Architect should build a team with individual members specializing in different above-mentioned technologies. The help may then be obtained from the various team members in achieving the architectural goals for any project. Organizational Support: The organization that is creating and maintaining an architectural team should provide support to the chief architect in building and retaining the team. The software industry usually faces the problem of quick turn-around of manpower. The organization should provide enough incentives and facilities to essays about homer retain the trained manpower. The organization should provide budgets that would enable the architect team to keep abreast with newer technologies.
The organization should be willing to budget Research and go in, Development (RD) expenditures for experimentation, learning technologies, obtaining software licenses and acquiring test hardware platforms. Organization may opt for CMMI certifications to ensure quality processes and building customer confidence in the architectural processes deployed on the customers’ projects. Ramakrishnan Subramanian (Technical Specialist, Cybernet Software, Chennai, TN, India) Keep it Simple. Architect to Scale by about homer, feature and for change. Mentoring Dev team Keeping all stake holders happy with an essay on gases excellent balance. Performance Improvement Skills. Refactoring Skills. Mentoring. Excellent Communication.
Understanding Organisation need. Knowledge: Technical knowledge. Domain knowledge. Organizational Support: Keep politics away Freedom to the Architects Encourage Arch-based development Provide a play area to play / tryout and fail with no threat of consequences! Mayank Sugandhi (Sr. About! Software Engineer, Pyxis System, Pune, MH, India) Duties: I usually confuse between duties of Project Manager. Some duties are common between them only difference is about orientation. Chemosynthesis In A! In which Project Manager aligned more toward Client interaction, People, Time cost management. An architect can be of any type based on organization structure and it's herarchy. Solution Architect System Architect Technical Architect According to me following are duties of Architect but one thing I am sure A System can exist without architect but now without project manager. Show right path to team Decide bit and pieces and communication channel between them Decide technology, tools and process guidelines Design high level view of homer, System Focus on scalability, maintainability, performance and where go in, modularity Adopt, understand new technology to apply in business.
In some organization .Contact CXO to suggest new path for creating business by use of technology. Negotiate with clients Lead team under his vision and aligned team in essays about homer that direction Apply right process, design and technology based on project to accomplish task Guide Team to solve challenges during development. Politically sound to case studies resist internal issues Good Presentation and Communication skills along with convincing power Good vision and experience to handle conflicts Good technical and process exposure as depth and breadth Good learner to adopt new technology quickly Good problem solver and initiator Good listner for team to about understand their problem and ideas Knowledge: An Architect must be good learner as Software Industry changing trands frequently. He must have sound knowledge of do acknowledgements a thesis, programing and it's concept. Essays! He must has solid approach to figure out a thesis, solution and creative for new ideas. Essays! He should posses skil to communicate and convince that properly. Information Submitted Before June, 2006. For several years, the SEI had gathered reader comments on the duties of a chief software architect. On June 1, 2006, we expanded our questionnaire to include additional information concerning the chief architect.
The following entries were submitted prior to the June change. The previously submitted duties of a chief software architect are alphabetized by submitter's last name. Ammad Amjad (Software Architect, Lahore Stock Exchange (G) Ltd., Lahore, Pakistan) In my opinion, a systems architect should possess the following qualities and features relevant to essays his/her duties. He should. be innovative and creative have good analysis skills know BEST PRACTICES of the industry be aware of technologies and available solutions be experienced with all the phases of software engineering understand the business objectives be able to about homer gather business requirements and map them to objects in problem solving manners foresee changes and take measures to accommodate them while architecting the essay on gases system have problem domain knowledge have good communication skills and essays about, able to express his ideas be able to successful e commerce case studies follow process. Ezhil Arasan Babaraj (Technical Architect, Cybernet Software System, TN, India) Should provide appropriate technical solutions for the given requirement. Should effectively communicate the proposed solution. Essays! Should be a quick learner to learn new technologies. Essay On Gases! Need to be a good mentor.
Need to make the architect team to understand and essays about homer, work towards the organization vision. Should be able to think beyond expectations. Srihari Boregowda (Technology Director, Canarys Automations (P) Ltd., Bangalore, KA, India) Extends on that of any Engineer. dealing with the essay on gases practical application of scientific knowledge to the safe and cost-effective solution of Human Problems. Essays! The Architect is essay on gases, adept at use of heuristics to cause the best change in a poorly understood situation within the available resources and about homer, reduce risk in imminent implementation Everything is created twice . First is the Mental creation followed by a physical cration later. Architect is part of the first creation.
He must be able to sapient project interview case study selectively switch between Abstract and Concrete as required throughout the project. Architect in essays leadership role, using the right brain, Architect part of business development and pre sales, Professional responsibilities of architect. Mallik Bulusu (Sr. Software Engineer, Intel, DuPont, WA) I have a 2 step recipe. First and essay on gases, foremost, acquiring good knowledge of about, domain is essential in defining problem correctly.
Then comes, conceiving the ideal foundation or framework on which the actual solution can be constructed. Shahid Farid (Student, PUCIT, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan) In big organizations (Enterprises), architect is not a single person--- it is where do acknowledgements go in a thesis, a team. This team led by an experienced architect, called “Chief Architect”. Hierarchy of the Team: Often (at medium level organizations) this team is essays about, divided into two groups. They are: Functional architects, who optimize business processes, and have a very good knowledge about analysis methods; Technical architects, who design long-term, reliable and do acknowledgements go in a thesis, adaptive technical architectures, and constitute a technical gateway between the project manager and the developers. But in big organizations, this team is about homer, divided into a number of roles:
Software Architect Hardware Architect Data/Communication Architect Information Architect Internet Architect Network Architect Systems Architect Security Architect Process Architect Project Architects. Now we discuss the responsibilities/duties of each of essays, these one by one. Software Architect: A software architect is responsible for creating or selecting the most appropriate architecture for a system (or systems), such that it suits the: business needs, satisfies user requirements, and achieves the desired results under given constraints. Responsibilities of a Software Architect: A software architect analyses an organization’s overall business and establish how their software is used A software architect assess new software applications to see if they are suitable for an organization and if the essays about current hardware will support them A software architect provide detailed information about costs and benefits of software to ensure that it will serve the client over a long period A software architect abstracts the where do acknowledgements a thesis complexity of a system into essays about homer, a manageable model that describes the essence of a system by exposing important details and project interview study, significant constraints. A software architect maintains control over the architecture lifecycle parallel to the project’s software development lifecycle. Although A software architect may be most visible during the requirements and design stages of a project lifecycle, he or she must proactively monitor the essays adherence of the implementation to the chosen architecture during all iterations. Architecture on paper is fruitless unless implemented proficiently.
A software architect stays on course in line with the long term vision when projects’ scope creep attempts to of an essay manipulate software architecture in a certain way in about homer order to satisfy the desires of myriad stakeholders. A software architect must focus on actions that produce results early while staying on course for the long term. Basic Structure Of An Argumentative! When project variables outside of one’s control change the architect must adjust the strategy given the resource available while maintaining the essays about homer long term goal. A software architect progressively makes critical decisions that define a specific direction for a system in essay on gases terms of implementation, operations, and essays about homer, maintenance. The critical decisions must be faithfully made and backed up by go in a thesis, understanding and evaluation of essays, alternative options. These decisions usually result in tradeoffs that principally define characteristics of a system. Additionally these decisions must be well documented in essay on gases a manner understood by others. A software architect sets quantifiable objectives that encapsulate quality attributes of about homer, a system.
The fitness of the architecture is basic argumentative, measured against set marks. A software architect works closely with executives to explain the about benefits and justify the investment in software architectures. And Sisters! This may be done by participating in essays business process re-engineering activities, by using Cost Benefit Analysis Method, or by measuring the level of component / architecture re-use between projects with the help from the software process improvement team. Software architect must be effective in order to deliver results that are meaningful to the projects that have an impact on the bottom line that result in greater profits. A software architect inspires, mentors, and encourages colleagues to in a sentence apply intelligently customized industry’s best practices. Educating the recipients and participants of system architecture is essays about, essential to successfully selling the chosen architectural path. Specifically the stakeholders must be able to understand, evaluate, and reason about software architecture. If A software architect is the only one who can read and understand documented system architecture, then he has failed to integrate his best practices into the organizational culture. Essay On Gases! A software architect fights entropy that threatens architect’s structural approach to problem solving.
It’s A software architect’s job to essays keep the inertia going once the project is in progress. He or she must convince all relevant stakeholders that the chosen approach is sound – moreover the chosen architectural solution must be well explained and justified. The benefits of implementing a system in a particular way must be explained not only in terms of “that’s the right pattern for this problem,” but also to demonstrate the measurable benefits - such as easier integration. For example, in a product line approach A software architect must be able to demonstrate how the interview case study subsequent projects will be easier to implement due to the presence of about homer, a common base from which subsequent work can be done. A software architect creates and distributes tailored views of software architectures to appropriate stakeholders at appropriate intervals. For example, a customer may demand to become more involved with a project and in a sentence, they may need to know an abstract view of a system on the level understood by them. A government customer may require A software architect to demonstrate early in the project how a given system meets High Level Architecture requirements for a specific framework.
It’s the architect’s responsibility to essays identify and present a sufficient level of chemosynthesis in a, information that a customer needs. A software architect acts as an agent of change in essays about homer organizations where process maturity is not sufficient for creating and maintaining architecture centric development. Essays On Brothers! If the concept of software architecture is not well recognized in an organization it may be a “tough” sell to formally recognize the role of software architecture in a SDLC. Essays About! Without senior management commitment and in a, without mature software development process, architecture of the system on paper may not reflect the actual architecture of a system. A software architect should be familiar with compilers and essays about, other language translators and e commerce case studies, can determine costs for essays converting computer programs from one language or machine to another, so he selects the language and the environment. A software architect leads a team of programmers or negotiates outsourcing contracts to develop and build new software. Successful E Commerce Case! A software architect builds prototypes of the software and tests them. A software architect move old data from existing software to new software. A software architect test and review the new software and fix any problems.
A software architect develops training manuals and run training sessions to show clients how to essays homer use the software. It is seldom possible to define an architecture which satisfies all the ideal architectural parameters. For example, in essays and sisters the telecom software industry, availability, scalability and essays about homer, performance of the system is most important where as when developing desktop applications, usability and responsiveness becomes critical for the software system. This problem is resolved by the architect. Hardware Architect: “A hardware architect is responsible for the design of hardware architecture, peripherals and successful e commerce case studies, display bodies.” Responsibilities of a Hardware Architect:
A hardware architect reviews computer software systems and data requirements as well as communications and response needs and homer, devises computer hardware configurations to support them. A hardware architect develops techniques to improve system throughout and optimize hardware utilization. A hardware architect evaluates computer hardware systems relative to their ability to support specified requirements and, by determining potential and actual bottlenecks, improves system performance through recommended hardware changes. A hardware architect should be well versed in hardware compatibility, and has participated in the design of real-time or remote access systems and has a working knowledge of process control and/or large timesharing hardware systems. Data or Communication Architect: “A data architect handles the data transmission and its related problems.”
Responsibilities of a Data or Communication Architect: The Data/Communications architect is technically competent in the area of data communications and transmissions and analyses computer software systems, data requirements, response times and computer hardware configurations relative to the communication and data transmission requirements. A Data Architect reviews communications local area networks and wide area networks as to essay on gases their ability to support data processing requirements. A Data Architect recommends changes to transmission networks, both in terms of hardware devices and switching point required to improve network performance. A Data Architect has a working knowledge of coding and error detection methodologies; A Data Architect has participated in the analysis, design, and implementation of communication networks including data processing transmissions. The Personality of an about Architect: The main characteristics of the personality of an architect are: An architect is often an ex-developer who has accumulated such experience as to reach a good level in expertise. This experience must cover ideally a variety of platforms and products, and knowledge about the lifecycle of an where application, or even of an information system. Communication skills are required. Diplomacy and pedagogy skills are also required to be able to explain architectures, debate about them and have them adopted.
An architect must be able to about step back and take a higher-level look, which is often difficult for developers and projects managers because they are often too focused on a specific project and so on immediate need. Structure Essay! This means raising from the application level to the information system level. This also means that the architect has to perform a continuous technological survey; one that goes further than the context a specific project. An architect is about, a negotiator. The method of principled negotiation should be the tactic of choice for an architect. On Brothers And Sisters! This method is most suitable in contrast to soft or hard negotiation method, because it seeks mutual cooperation between an essays homer architect and project stakeholders. Chemosynthesis! An architect will be expected to deliver better, faster, and cheaper, but since only two-way combo can be selected an architect must negotiate to decide which aspects of essays about homer, a system will be considered first and essays on brothers and sisters, under what conditions.
An architect must convey a sense of credibility and trust; an architect must be perceived as successful. Essays About Homer! An architect can attain such status with his prior successful experience, formal training in the field (certifications in the future), and by his or her ability to deliver successful and relevant architectural artifacts through every stage of the where go in SDLC. Essays About Homer! An architect believes in his ability to perform well. In a leadership position attitude is everything – if the sapient manager interview case passion for success is absent, then an architect must step down from the leadership pedestal. An architect must be patient and resilient, as the only thing constant is the change itself. Since software architecture has direct influence on the quality characteristics of essays homer, a system, an architect will interact with a great number of people with a full spectrum of personalities. He or she must quickly adapt to the way stakeholders operate, as it’s not possible or feasible to expect them to speak the language of an case studies architect.
An architect should be familiar with queuing techniques and about, job sequencing controls within a multiprogramming environment. Do Acknowledgements Go In! An architect should be familiar with Artificial Intelligence, Expert Systems and Neural Networks. The ideal architect should be a person of letters, a mathematician, familiar with historical studies, a diligent student of philosophy, acquainted with music, not ignorant of essays about homer, medicine, learned in the responses of essays on brothers and sisters, jurisconsults, familiar with astronomy and essays about homer, astronomical calculations. In simple, n architect bears a multi-personality. He may have to wear multiple hats - as a manager to co-ordinate with all stakeholders, as a salesman to essay on gases sell the idea behind his solution, as a developer to develop POC or pilot to prove that his solution will work, as an executive to drive through the implementation. Elan Govan (Manager - Software Engineering, Solectron Centum, Bangalore, India)
The Software Architecture determines the design of the system. Hence prior to design: System requirements shall be evaluated to essays about homer meet the e commerce essential requirements, consistency and design constraints. Analysis of the essays about homer system requirements to specific components Establish communication between the chemosynthesis in a sentence components(Interface)and details of communication with external world. Amit Kawalkar (Engineer, Honeywell, Bangalore, KA, India) To understand the system high-level system requirements. To understand the scope of the system.
The system design goals should be solidly understood. Must understand the deployment scenarios. Must design the system with extensiblility. Must design the essays about homer system by isolating the functional areas. Should layer the system according to different responsibilities. Constantin Kostenko (Software Architect, SoftwareArchitectures.com, Washington, D.C.) abstracts the go in complexity of a system into a manageable model maintains control over the architecture lifecycle stays on course in line with the long term vision progressively makes critical decisions that define a specific direction for a system sets quantifiable objectives that encapsulate quality attributes of a system works closely with executives to explain the homer benefits and justify the investment in software architectures inspires, mentors, and and sisters, encourages colleagues to apply intelligently customized industry’s best practices fights entropy that threatens architect’s structural approach to problem solving. creates and distributes tailored views of software architectures to appropriate stakeholders at essays about appropriate intervals acts as an agent of change in organizations where process maturity is not sufficient for creating and maintaining architecture centric development. Anant Kuslekar (SAE, Qwest, Bangalore, India) Design the skeleton for of an building blocks of software application. Ken MacBean (Architect-Destination Design Software for Entertainment Developments, IDAD, Cincinnati, OH, USA) (DDSA) - Definitive Definition for essays about homer Software Architecture: Software architects are professionals responsible for the planning and development of all aspects of user/system interfaces in of an argumentative essay software product development, including the design of hardware architecture, peripherals and display bodies.
This young evolving polyspecialized field is concerned with human/technology interactions, education, sustainable design, communications and engineering. Essays About! Such persons are degreed programmers or Instructional design/technology experts who emulate architectural design processes in essay private offices while others practice publicly with accredited architecture degrees. Essays! Industry or degreed architects working in computer science as software architects both use image, graphic, entertainment and architectural design knowledge together with legal, scientific, business and programming requirements to assess prudent planning and design decisions. Software architects may be involved in software engineering supervision, design and product management, user research, market studies and testing. They may apply their skills to the development of new technology products, programs or services and combine systems logic, hardware environment, human needs or anthropometrics, and innovation for the benefit, safety and chemosynthesis in a sentence, welfare of essays, society while promoting value for the industry through quality design. Source: (2001)Institute of where do acknowledgements go in, Destination Architects and Designers. Amit Midha (Research Scholar, Carnegie Mellon University-West Coast Campus, Mountain View, CA) A software architect's job is to essays ensure that the architecture he is responsible should suffice to initial customer requirements and when implemented, will fulfill the project interview study system as envisioned by the customer. Muthuramalingam Nagarathinam (Product Architect, London Bridge Phoenix Software, Heathrow, FL)
Understand Business Goals Understand Customer expectation 3. Homer! Understand Technology solutions Understand Current Technology in use Create/maintain the Company strategies in line with the Business Goal Customer expectations with the current/new technology. Ashwin Palaparthi (Principal Architect, AppLabs Technologies, Philadelphia, PA, USA) Make sure not to basic structure argumentative become a top-notch developer in the company Advocate company politics, technological or otherwise Act as a consultant-strategist for everyone Think outside software and communicate that view to the inside (or sometimes vice-versa) Be an essays homer adherent of technocracy and provide thought leadership Ensure to in a be trusted by others though they hate (As you know, hating and essays about, liking have got nothing to do with whether you are trusted) Mentor, mentor and mentor (him and sapient interview case, then others) Develop and foster all the positive adjectives prefixed-- proactive, aggressive and xxxxive Always live in essays the ideal world and pretend that the pragmatic world is an unknown thing. Sathyanarayana Panduranga (Solution Architect, Hughes Software Systems, Bangalore, India) Chief Software Architect who is responsible for the creation and evolution of an organization's product line has the following responsibilities. Choose the right tools, technologies and basic of an argumentative, platforms for the development, testing and deployment of each product in the product-line Identify architectural differentiators for about homer the product line. It is in a, seldom possible to define an architecture which satisfies all the ideal architectural parameters. For example, in the telecom software industry, availability, scalability and performance of the essays about system is most important where as when developing desktop applications, usability and responsiveness becomes critical for the software system. Create an basic structure of an argumentative architectural vision. Narayana Peesapati (Vice President Technical, NuNet Technologies Pvt Ltd, Visakhapatnam, AP, India)
Understanding the customer requirements in right perspective - in terms of functional non functional, financial future growth. Envisage the essays about homer architecture (technology, security, scalability, functional meeting, etc) to meet all the above. Prioritize the essay on gases envisaged architecture elements against essays about homer trade offs if any after respective consultations. Translation communication of Critical areas impact of those to manager interview case study the respective stake holders. Essays Homer! Documenting the architecture with all the interview pros and cons communicating the same. Homer! Make the implementation review plan.
Company should have or introduce the processes in place to take care the implementation of the envisaged architecture. Collection of User Feedback. Transforming the Feedback into e commerce case studies, preventive actions of the processes if any. Tao Nguyen Phu (Accounting, Truong Xuan Co., Ltd, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam) Alan Nuytten (Sytems Programmer, ITC, Indian Rocks Beach, Fl, USA) Define software development lifecycle and tools to include, hardware/ configuration management, software change management tools, bug tracking and analysis process. Rajendra Prasad (Java Solution Architect, RaminfoLtd, Hyderabad, India)
Creating application and system architecture, analysis of use cases and essays, drawing the detail design, sequence and collaboration diagrams. Rushton Prince (Chief Architect, X-tier SAE Inc., Shawnee Mission, KS) The ideal architect should be a person of letters, a mathematician, familiar with historical studies, a diligent student of philosophy, acquainted with music, not ignorant of medicine, learned in the responses of jurisconsults, familiar with astronomy and astronomical calculations. – Vitruvius, circa 25 BC. In summary, the software architect must be well-rounded, posses maturity, vision, and a depth of experience that allows for grasping issues quickly and making educated, critical judgment in the absence of complete information. More specifically, the software architect, or members of the architecture team, must combine these skills: Experience in essays and sisters both the essays about homer problem domain, through a thorough understanding of the requirements, and the software engineering domain. On Brothers! If there is a team, these qualities can be spread across the team members, but at least one software architect must provide the global vision for about homer the project. Leadership in case studies order to drive the technical effort across the various teams, and to homer make critical decisions under pressure and make those decisions stick. To be effective, the software architect and the project manager must work closely together, with the successful e commerce software architect leading the essays about technical issues and the project manager leading the administrative issues.
The software architect must have the authority to make technical decisions. Communication to earn trust, to persuade, to of an argumentative motivate, and to essays homer mentor. The software architect cannot lead by on brothers and sisters, decree, only by the consent of the essays about rest of the project. Essays! In order to be effective, the software architect must earn the respect of the project team, the project manager, the customer, and the user community, as well as the management team. Goal-orientation and Pro-activity with a relentless focus on essays about homer results. The software architect is the technical driving force behind the interview case study project, not a visionary or dreamer. Essays About Homer! The career of where, a successful software architect is a long series of sub-optimal decisions made in uncertainty and under pressure. Only those who can focus on about homer doing what needs to go in be done will be successful in this environment of the project. The Software Architect defines the responsibilities, operations, attributes, and relationships of one or several classes, and determines how they will be adjusted to the implementation environment. In addition, the architecture role may have responsibility for homer one or more design packages, or design subsystems, including any classes owned by the packages or subsystems.
Citation: Rational Unified Process - Software Architect Role. Murugesan R (Technical Architect, Genisys Software, Bangalore, KN, India) Identifying stakeholders Communicate with stakeholders and a thesis, understand what each wants Understand business requirements Creating Architecture and essays about, Validate it Consulting and educating on the use of Architecture He MUST have the following qualities: Innovative Creative Analyzes Leadership Excellent Business Communication Aware of Technologies Tools. Thanigai Ranganathan (Software Architect, Infosys Technologies Ltd., Plano, TX, USA) Identify the business goals drivers, all the stakeholders of the sapient project case study system/solution being built, and understand their requirements and expectations (in a quantifiable and measurable form), and before proceding with the definition of the solution. He should ensure that the solution is essays about, defined such that it addresses all the where go in expectations/concerns of about, all the stake holders, as well as is directly influenced by basic structure of an, one or more business driver/goal. About! It is go in a thesis, his duty to communicate his decision to all the stakeholders in the languages they understand on how the system will behave (meet their requirements expectations) when subjected to various stress factors. In this process, he may have to wear multiple hats - as a manager to co-ordinate with all stakeholders, as a salesman to sell the idea behind his solution, as a developer to develop POC or pilot to prove that his solution will work, as an executive to drive through the essays about homer implementation. Conrad Roche (Applications Architect, Cognizant, Manchester, CT, USA) Ensure Architectural consistency in the various company divisions.
Provide a future architectural direction and transition plan. Ensure training, education and career growth of the essay on gases company architects. Interact with other architectural leaders in the commercial academic worlds. Terro Sage (Director of Enterprise Architecture, CTB/McGraw-Hill, Monterey, CA) Identify architecturally significant use cases, provide design blueprint for essays homer these uses cases to build on. Sewell, M. and Sewell, L. The Software Architect's Profession. Prentice Hall PTR; 1st edition, 2001. ISBN: 0130607967. Dr. Zakir Syeed (President, Symbions Software, London, UK) In my opinion, a architect should possess the following qualities.
Innovative and Creative In-depth knowledge on domain/ Business Understand nut and bolt of the system Convert Business challenges into solution. Amir Ali Tayyab (CEO, ZEN Corporation, Lahore, PK, Pakistan) It was quite interesting to read other's feedback and almost everything that they said, is needed. However, due to sapient interview problems in comprehending CLEAR, yet brief duties of a project's chief software architect, I had to come up with my own version as. identify goals of the software by discussing with end-users or management write a plan and update it based upon essays about homer, progress establish a seamless communication with developers and end-users have disaster recovery backup plans in basic structure of an place ensure standardization in all aspects deploy it successfully and diplomatically via easy training and documentation keep it up-to-date with the new technologies' availability before-hand. Nicole Tedesco (Software architect-engineer, Ware-Squared Software Development, Shoreline, WA, USA)
Let me paraphrase Marc and Laura Sewell: Understand the worldview, problems and essays homer, issues of sapient project interview, your client, employer and end-users Design solutions to solve those problems Communicate these solutions to all stakeholders, implementors and about homer, consumers Ensure the quality of the solutions through delivery. Jan Willem van den Beukel (Manager Architecture Technology, Philips Medical Systems, Best, Netherlands) Within PMS / Medical IT the duties are as follows: Within context of a release project: writing / overseeing the System Requirements Specification technically overseeing product hazard analysis organising the design meetings for successful case global design writing the (global) System Design Specification directing performance specifications, measurements and their analysis + follow up during development phase overseeing the overall test strategy member of project kernel team / technical peer to project leader day-to-day technical support / troubleshooting to other designers / software engineers. Across projects / mid-to-long term. proving input to commercial roadmap of the product defining technical roadmap of the product identifying and performing/overseeing feasibility activities providing input to development (technology) strategy. Rob van Ommering, principal researcher at Philips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, the Netherlands, and a thought leader in software architecture, has written a wonderful essay titled Things to Do in Denver When You're an Architect about the duties of essays, a software architect. Aravind Venkat (AVP, Satyam, Bangalore, India) A software architect is one who constructs and articulates technology solution to a business problem. Interview Study! A software architect has multi-dimensional skills and is responsible for.
Technical Solution for business problem Provide Value addition to the process Create a blueprint upon which applications and systems can be build Big Picture Baby Steps Evaluate and mitigate Technical Risks Create architecture that works under the boundary of Cost, Time and essays about, Feature Set. Craig Walters (Master Architect, Monsanto, St Louis, MO, USA) Develop long range technical direction and planning. Project Manager Interview! Develop architectural models that allow different applications to be developed with a common architecture. Mentor project teams. Develop best practices. Train tech leads. Daniel Wang (software architect , project manager, CCIT, Beijing, China) Decompose the overall system to make sure it can be worked on by all teams and team-members together.
David Weiss, Director of Software Technology Research at Avaya Laboratories and co-author of Software Product-Line Engineering , writes that a chief architect should have the following responsibilities (not in priority order). Create and enforce architectural standards that enable the essays about homer company's products to interoperate. Create and enforce architectural standards that make the same features appear and behave the same in all of the company's products. Create a company product line (responsibilities a and b preceding are part of this). Define the responsibilities of an architect in the company, including what architecture means in the company. Create a community of in a, architects within the company. Create training and education for the company's architects. Identify and recruit potential architects. Explain the about homer architecture of the company's products to e commerce studies customers.
Bob Wilmes (Enterprise Architect, Large Financial Services Company, Phoenix, AZ, USA): Software is the living codification of ideas, brought together to achieve economic benefits for society and ultimately to essays bring enjoyment to chemosynthesis in a sentence individuals. Similar to living entities, software is homer, subject to the forces of evolution and change, and ultimately has a mortality unless adaptation and growth is maintained. The role of the chief software architect is understand, codify and communicate the forces of chemosynthesis in a sentence, adaptation and change while maintaining the organizational balance between economic drivers and technical capabilities. Steve Wright (Consultant - Sr. Data Architect, Knowledge Management, Boston, MA): Primary Responsibilities of the Enterprise Architecture Team. Responsible for translating business requirements into systems qualities and thence into repeatable design strategies and patterns that enable those qualities (e.g. Homer! adaptability, scalability, availability, non-repudiation, reusability, etc.). Responsible for enterprise application integration (EAI). This includes defining the opportunities for integration, selecting the tools, specifying the shared data code resources, defining the interfaces and go in a thesis, data-flows, and monitoring the success of said integration.
Compiles or designs architectural models of current and proposed systems across the homer enterprise for use internally and in conjunction with Technology Partners. The models are of do acknowledgements go in, two types: Enterprise Models that depict the entire enterprise and its inter-relationships. Reference Models that depict recommended approved technologies designs, which can serve as a template for future projects. Establishes the essays homer Design Repository and Metadata Repository for integrating all aspects of these models, and provides oversight of its use in conjunction with integrated Tool sets. Perform design reviews across the organization. (Note: not code reviews.) Leads the evaluation of vendor software targeted for possible integration into the systems or environment, including strategic applications, tools, and utilities. Defines the IT design methodology, development process methodology and best practices. Surveys external emerging developments, and evangelizes new technologies, standards and essay on gases, methodologies that will have a positive impact on the company's bottom-line and essays, quality of service.
Participates in external standards body work that defines IT standards in the health community. The Architecture team is divided into a number of roles based on do acknowledgements go in a thesis an orthogonal “separation of concerns”: Chief Architect Applications Architect Data Architect Information Architect Internet Architect Network Architect Systems Architect Security Architect Process Architect Project Architects. Venkateswar Wunnava (Architect, Independent Consultant, Hyderabad, India): An Architect's role cuts across both technical and management roles and must be able to switch hats as such duties require. The first and foremost requirement of a chief architect is to homer gain commitment and basic argumentative, trust of the management for essays his work-products a.k.a architecture, design, guidance and decisions. This is important because fire-fighting managers is a fact of the real-life and most often they veto critical architectural decisions which potentially compromise architectural effectiveness and efficiencies per real-life practical scenarios. Where Go In! Hence. An Architect should assist managers by taking active part in estimation and project planning and homer, tracking process so that the project can realize a concrete manifestation of the architecture a.k.a a working end-product within realistic estimates made in project plan with verifiable and trackable goals.
An Architect must be a compulsory participant of all the e commerce case life-cycle processes right from Requirements through Deployment and support. Example guide in test case development, analyzing root cause for essays critical run-time problems in support phase etc. Gain a complete conceptual understanding of the domain being modeled its actors, entitles and their relationships along with the scope of the solution that is being focus of the current project. Help develop a quick standard glossary for terms concepts pertaining to the domain for consistent usage and understanding. Help create and insist concrete, consistent and signed-off baseline requirements and control their changes. Follow organizational defined Architectural process if one exists or help define one based on standard industry approved processes such as Rational Unified Process (RUP) etc. Develop an essay on gases architectural development plan that identifies an iterative development of Architecture with identified deliverable workproducts their time line etc., which helps both management and technical staff. Substantiate architectural and design decisions with available alternatives pro's -con's of each and reason for essays about choosing a particular alternative. This avoids arguments amongst senior staff and reduce conflicts and saves valuable project time, since often there are multiple ways to solve the same problem and one needs to sapient project manager interview study choose one amongst them based on project constraints (cost, time, skills, availability etc.,) rather than hunt for the best alternative always. This requires establishing a design decision process to identify the essays about homer same. Establish a design decision process that involves senior technical staff so that they are aware of the What and Why of the design decisions its process and when and how they can contribute / influence these decisions.
This helps development teams buy-in on the design and they can easily take ownership, provide commitment and maintain collective responsibility. An Architect must quickly prototype and test critical areas of design when necessary to check his/ her understanding of the concept / design. Oversee the development and coding process, by participating and verification and on brothers and sisters, validation processes of the development artifacts and workproducts. Schedule regular meeting with technical teams to track, mentor and disseminate the project progress. Assist managers in verification and validation of intermediate goals and the project tracking process. Create and make presentations for essays senior management on progress of the project to gain their confidence and help them track the progress. 4500 Fifth Avenue. Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2612. The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) sponsored by project manager, the U.S. Essays About Homer! Department of Defense (DoD).
It is operated by successful, Carnegie Mellon University. Improving Data Extraction from Cybersecurity Incident Reports. By Samuel J. Perl September 29, 2017. Five Keys to Effective Agile Test Automation for Government Programs. By Robert Binder , Suzanne Miller August 25, 2017.